Birthdays in History on April 11

Septimius SeverusSeptimius Severus (146-211 AD)

Emperor of Rome (193-211), born in Leptis Magna, modern day Libya

  • 1348 Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor, born in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire (d. 1385)

John I of PortugalJohn I of Portugal (1357-1433)

king of Portugal (1383-1433), born in Lisbon, Portugal

  • 1370 Frederick I the Warlike, Elector of Saxony, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1428)
  • 1374 Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, heir to the throne of England, born in Usk, Monmouthshire (d. 1398)
  • 1492 Marguerite of Navarre, Queen of Navarre, wife of Henry II of Navarre, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1549)
  • 1592 John Eliot, English parliament leader, born in Port Eliot, Cornwall, England (d. 1632)
  • 1661 Antoine Coypel, French painter and poet, born in Paris (d. 1722)
  • 1721 David Zeisberger, Moravian clergyman and missionary, born in Zauchtenthal, Moravia (d. 1808)
  • 1722 Christopher Smart, English poet & journalist (Ceremony of Carols), born in Shipbourne, England (d. 1771)
  • 1746 Wentworth Cheswell, American auditor and teacher, 1st African American elected to public office in the US, born in Newmarket, New Hampshire (d. 1817)
  • 1755 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, born in Shoreditch, London (d. 1824)

George CanningGeorge Canning (1770-1827)

British Prime Minister (Tory: 1827) and Foreign Secretary, born in London, England

  • 1772 Manuel Jose Quintana, Spanish author and poet (El Duque de Viseo), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1857)
  • 1793 Nicolaas Christiaan Kist, Dutch Reformed theologian and church historian, born in Woerden, Netherlands (d. 1859)
  • 1794 Edward Everett, American statesman and orator, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1865)
  • 1798 Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (radiant light), born in Parma, Italy (d. 1854)
  • 1801 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), born in Clamecy, Nièvre, France (d. 1844)
  • 1810 Henry Rawlinson, British army officer and oriental scholar (major role in deciphering cuneiform), born in Chadlington, England (d. 1895)
  • 1815 Clara Fey, German Roman Catholic Nun and the founder of the Sisters of the Poor Child Jesus, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1894)
  • 1825 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), born in Breslau, Prussia (d. 1864)
  • 1837 Elmer E. Ellsworth, American soldier who was the 1st Union officer killed in the American Civil War, born in Malta, New York (d. 1861)
  • 1856 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India, born in Moorslede, Belgium (d. 1893)
  • 1862 Charles Evans Hughes, American statesman, Republican politician and 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41), born in Glens Falls, New York (d. 1948)
  • 1862 William Wallace Campbell, American astronomer and Director of Lick Observatory, born in Hancock County, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • 1865 Mary White Ovington, American journalist, suffragist, and co-founder of the NAACP, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1866 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet, born in Beaufort, Australia (d. 1953)
  • 1866 Carla Ford, wife of industrialist Henry Ford
  • 1867 John Paulus Lotsy, Dutch botanist and geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1867 Mark Keppel, Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools from 1902-1928, born in Butte County, California (d. 1928)
  • 1869 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, born in Mandal, Norway (d. 1943)
  • 1869 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mahatma Gandhi, born in Gujarat, India (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • 1890 Donna Rachele Mussolini, wife of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, born in Predappio, Romagna, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1979)
  • 1893 Dean Acheson, American statesman and U.S. Secretary of State (1949-53), born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 1971)
  • 1893 Johannes Theodoor Thijsse, Dutch director of Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)
  • 1896 Léo-Paul Desrosiers, Quebec novelist (Les Engagés du Grand Portage), born in Berthier, Canada (d. 1967)

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian (1899-1975)

African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, born in Montgomery, Alabama

  • 1900 Sándor Márai, Hungarian writer (A gyertyák csonkig égnek), born in Kassa, Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1901 Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer and manufacturer (typewriter), born in Ivrea, Italy (d. 1960)
  • 1901 Glenway Wescott, American writer (Apartment in Athens), born in Kewaskum, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • 1904 Arthur Ernest Mourant, British hematologist, born in La Hougue Bie, Jersey (d. 1994)
  • 1905 József Attila, Hungarian poet, born in Ferencváros, Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1937)
  • 1906 Dalia "Dale" Messick, American cartoonist (Brenda Starr, Reporter), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor, born in Llanymynech, Powys (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Jane Bolin, first African American female judge, born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1908 Masaru Ibuka, Japanese electronics industrialist (Sony Corp), born in Nikkō City, Japan (d. 1997)
  • 1910 António de Spínola, Portuguese general and conservative President of Portugal (1974), born in Estremoz, Portugal (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Henry William Collins, English artist, born in Colchester, Essex (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (for Jackie Kennedy), born in Paris, France (d. 2006)
  • 1917 David Westheimer, American novelist (Von Ryan's Express), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Jean-Claude Servan-Schreiber, French journalist, born in Paris
  • 1918 Richard Wainwright, English politician, Liberal MP for Colne Valley (1966–70), born in Leeds (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Hugh Carey, American politician and attorney (Gov-D-NY), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1919 Sir Raymond Carr, English historian and warden (St Antony's College Oxford), born in Bath, Somerset
  • 1920 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister (1970-72), born in Potenza, Basilicata (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Marlen Haushofer, Austrian writer (The Wall), born in Frauenstein, Austria (d. 1970)
  • 1921 Martin Buckmaster, 3rd Viscount Buckmaster, British diplomat
  • 1922 Antoine Blondin, French writer (L'Europe buissonnière), born in Paris (d. 1991)
  • 1923 Theodore Isaac Rubin, American psychiatrist and author credited with popularising psychotherapy, born in Brooklyn, New York City (d. 2019)
  • 1925 Johan van Zonderen, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Pierre Péladeau, Canadian businessman and founder of Quebecor, born in Montreal (d. 1997)
  • 1925 Rik Kuijpers, Belgian director (Sea gulls die in the harbor), born in Mortsel, Belgium

Ethel KennedyEthel Kennedy (94 years old)

1928 American human-rights campaigner (wife of Bobby Kennedy), born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1929 Lawrence Coughlin, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • 1930 Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • 1930 Bill Hefner, American politician, Democratic U.S. Congressman from North Carolina, born in Elora, Tennessee (d. 2009)
  • 1930 Clive Exton, British scriptwriter and playwright, born in Islington, London
  • 1930 James Ferman, American director and secretary (British Board of Film Classification), born in New York (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Joseph Burnett-Stuart, CEO (Robert Fleming Holdings)
  • 1930 Nicholas F. Brady, American politician and U.S. Secretary of Treasury (1988-93), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Francis G. Neubeck, USAF pilot and astronaut, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1933 Denis Goldberg, South African anti-apartheid activist (convicted alongside Mandela), born in Cape Town (d. 2020)
  • 1933 Tony Brown, American journalist (Tony Brown's Journal), born in Charleston, West Virginia
  • 1934 Dame Anne Poole, British chief nursing officer (Department of Health)
  • 1934 Mark Strand, American poet, editor and translator (Another Republic), born in Summerside, Prince Edward Island, Canada (d. 2014)
  • 1934 Richard A. Garland, artist and photographer (d. 1994)

Richard KuklinskiRichard Kuklinski (1935-2006)

American mafia hit man, born in Jersey City, New Jersey

  • 1936 Janet Allen, Headmistress (Benenden School)
  • 1938 Michael Deaver, Reagan Administration Deputy White House Chief of Staff, born in Bakersfield, California (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Ellen Goodman, American political columnist (Pulitzer 1980), born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • 1941 Frederick "Rick" Hauck, American astronaut (STS-7, STS 51-A, STS-26), born in Long Beach, California
  • 1942 Anatoly Nikolayevich Berezovoi, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-5), born in Enem, Russia (d. 2014)
  • 1943 Egbert Dommering, Dutch lawyer
  • 1943 John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich, British entrepreneur, politician and nobleman
  • 1944 R. J. B Knight, British deputy director (National Maritime Museum)
  • 1946 Bob Harris, English radio presenter (The Old Grey Whistle Test, Time Out), born in Northampton, England
  • 1947 Lev Bulat, Russian physicist, born in Chernovtsy, Ukraine
  • 1947 Michael Hindley, British politician, Member of the European Parliament, born in Blackburn, England
  • 1947 Michael Wright, British academic, Vice-Chancellor of Aston University
  • 1948 Marcello Lippi, Italian football coach, born in Viareggio, Italy
  • 1951 Doris Angleton, American socialite and murder victim (d. 1997)
  • 1951 James Patrick Kelly, American sci-fi author (Think Like a Dinosaur), born in Mineola, New York
  • 1953 Andrew Wiles, British mathematician (number theory, proved Fermat's last theorem), born in Cambridge, England
  • 1953 Guy Verhofstadt, 47th Prime Minister of Belgium (1999-2008), born in Dendermonde, Belgium
  • 1955 Kevin Brady, American politician (Rep Texas (R) 1997-), born in Vermillion, South Dakota
  • 1955 Piers J Sellers, English astronaut and climate scientist, born in Sussex (d. 2016)
  • 1963 Chris Ferguson, American professional poker player, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1966 Steve Bullock, American politician (Governor of Montana 2013-), born in Missoula, Montana
  • 1966 Tomas Leandersson, Swedish ten-pin bowler (FIQ World C'ships 1999; World Tenpin Team Cup 1994; World Games 1993), born in Degerfors, Sweden (d. 2021)
  • 1967 Stefan Johnstown, Norwegian speed walker (world record 20 km)
  • 1968 Sergei Lukyanenko, Russian sci-fi author (Labyrinth of Reflections), born in Karatau, Kazakhstan
  • 1975 Walid Soliman, Tunisian author, born in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1985 Will Minson, Australian rules footballer (Western Bulldogs), born in South Australia
  • 1987 Michelle Phan, American Vietnamese make-up vlogger and entrepreneur, born in Boston, Massachusetts