Birthdays in History on April 12

  • 599 BC Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)
  • 812 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam, born in Medina, Abbasid Empire (d. 835)
  • 1484 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect, born in Florence (d. 1546)
  • 1500 Joachim Camerarius [Liebhard Kammerer], German classical scholar, born in Bamberg, Germany (d. 1574)
  • 1526 Marc-Antoine de Muret, French humanist, born in Muret, France (d. 1585)
  • 1550 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, Lord Great Chamberlain of England, born in Hedingham Castle, Essex, England (d. 1604)
  • 1577 Christian IV of Denmark, King of Denmark and Norway (1588-1648), born in Frederiksborg Palace, Denmark (d. 1648)
  • 1579 François de Bassompierre, marshal of France, born in Haroué, France (d. 1646)
  • 1695 Caspar Burman, Dutch historian and Mayor of Utrecht, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1755)
  • 1705 William Cookworthy, English chemist, born in Kingsbridge, Devon (d. 1780)
  • 1713 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer, born in Lapanouse, France (d. 1796)
  • 1724 Lyman Hall, American physician and signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Wallingford, Connecticut (d. 1790)
  • 1748 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (Classification of flowering plants), born in Lyon, France (d. 1836)
  • 1764 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, Regent of Holland, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1819)

Henry ClayHenry Clay (1777-1852)

American politician known as "the Great Compromiser", born in Hanover County, Virginia

  • 1791 Francis Preston Blair, American journalist and newspaper editor (Washington Globe), born in Abingdon, Virginia (d. 1876)
  • 1792 John George Lambton, British statesman (1st Earl of Durham), born in London, England (d. 1840)
  • 1794 Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry), born in Paris (d. 1847)
  • 1796 George N. Briggs, American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1861)
  • 1799 Henri Druey, Swiss politician and a founding father of constitutional democracy in Switzerland, born in Faoug, Switzerland (d. 1855)
  • 1801 Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar and secession leader, born in Veendam, Groningen, the Netherlands (d. 1842)
  • 1802 Francis Libermann, French religious leader (Congregation of Heart), born in Saverne, France (d. 1852)
  • 1823 Aleksandr Ostrovsky [Alexander Ostrovsky], Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers), born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1831 Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter and sculptor, born in Etterbeek, Belgium (d. 1905)
  • 1831 George B. Anderson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hillsborough, North Carolina (d. 1862)

Grenville M. DodgeGrenville M. Dodge (1831-1916)

American railroad engineer (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific) and Major General (Union Army), born in Danvers, Massachusetts

  • 1838 John Shaw Billings, American librarian and surgeon, born in Allensville, Switzerland County, Indiana (d. 1913)
  • 1848 José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet, born in Caguas, Puerto Rico (d. 1880)
  • 1852 Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (Proving π ["pi"] is a transcendental number), born in Hanover, German Confederation (now Germany) (d. 1939)
  • 1856 William Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington, English historian and explorer (Spitzbergen), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1937)
  • 1863 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), born in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1895)
  • 1868 Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy, born in Matsuyama, Iyo Province, Japan (d. 1918)
  • 1869 Henri Désiré Landru, French sex murderer, born in Paris (d. 1922)
  • 1871 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (1936-41), born in Ithaca, Greece (d. 1941)
  • 1878 Richard B Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1879 Frederic G. Melcher, American publisher and editor who founded children's book week, born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1963)
  • 1883 Imogen Cunningham, American photographer (1965 ASMP award), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1976)
  • 1884 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1951)
  • 1885 R. D. Banerji, Indian archaeologist and historian (discovered ancient Indus city of Mohenjo-daro), born in Berhampore, British India (d. 1930) [1]
  • 1885 Robert Delaunay, French artist, born in Paris, France (d. 1941)
  • 1894 Francisco Craveiro Lopes, 12th President of Portugal (1951-58), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1964)
  • 1901 Lowell Stockman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Oregon, born in Helix, Oregon (d. 1962)
  • 1902 Louis J. M. Beel, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1946-48, 58-59), born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist (Plan of Labor, Nobel 1969), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1904 Harald Penrose, British test pilot, born in Hereford, England (d. 1996)
  • 1907 Felix de Weldon, Austrian-American sculptor (Marine Corps War Memorial), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 2003)
  • 1908 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, President of Colombia (1966-70), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American General and Air Force pilot, born in Waynesboro, Georgia (d. 2006)
  • 1910 Jürgen Rausch, German philosopher and author (End of the Playboys), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Darrell A. Amyx, American classical archaeologist (Greek Ceramics), born in Exeter, California (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization engineer, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1976)
  • 1912 Harold Maguire, British air marshal, born in Kilkishen, Ireland (d. 2001)
  • 1913 Keiko Fukuda, Japanese-born American martial artist, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Armen Alchian, American economist and professor (University of California), born in Fresno, California (d. 2013)
  • 1915 Emil Petaja, American sci-fi author (Star Mill, Tramontane), born in Milltown, Missoula County, Montana (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Beverly Cleary, American Newberry Medal winning writer of children's and young adult fiction (Ramona series, 1955-99), born in McMinnville, Oregon (d. 2021)
  • 1919 Lady Ricketts, CEO (National Association of Citizens' Advice Bureaux)
  • 1919 Maurice Girodias, French publisher and founder (Olympia Press), born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • 1920 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • 1920 Robert Fizdale, American pianist (Misia), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Alfred Mabbs, British archivist (Public Records Office), born in London (d. 2009)
  • 1924 Julius Moormann, Dutch student and resistance fighter (WWII), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1924 Peter Safar, Austrian physician (pioneered cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Evelyn Berezin, American computer pioneer, invented first word processor, born in the Bronx, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1925 Johnny Jordan, English cameraman (You Only Live Twice), born in Oxfordshire, England (d. 1969)
  • 1926 James Hillman, American psychologist, and educator (C.G. Jung Institute, Zurich), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • 1927 Patrick Meehan, Scottish petty criminal, wrongly convicted of murder
  • 1928 Brooklyn Supreme, Belgian stallion, heaviest known horse (1450 kg)
  • 1928 Russell L. Rogers, American electrical engineer and astronaut (X-20), born in Lawrence, Kansas (d. 1967)
  • 1928 Uwe Kitzinger, President (Templeton College, Oxford), born in Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1930 Louw de Graaf, Dutch Assistant Secretary of Social Affairs (VDA)
  • 1930 Manuel Neri, American sculptor (life-size figurative sculptures), born in Sanger, California
  • 1930 Patrick Edmund Pery, 6th Earl of Limerick, Irish peer and public servant, born in London
  • 1932 Dennis Banks, American activist (leader of the American Indian Movement), born in Leech Lake Indian Reservation, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Jack Gelber, American playwright (The Connection, Apple), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2003)
  • 1932 Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lankan politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka), born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Charlie Robertson, American politician (mayor of York, Pennsylvania 1994-2002), born in York, Pennsylvania, (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Wendy Savage, British obstetrician and gynaecologist, born in Surrey, England
  • 1936 Kennedy Simmonds, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts & Nevis (1983-95), born in Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • 1937 Igor Volk, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-12) and test pilot, born in Zmiiv, Ukraine (d. 2017)
  • 1940 John Hagee, American pastor and televangelist, born in Goose Creek, Texas

Jacob ZumaJacob Zuma (80 years old)

1942 South African politician, President of South Africa (2009-18), born in Nkandla, South Africa

  • 1944 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the World Health Organization, born in Seoul, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1947 Antonin Kratochvil, Czech-American photojournalist (VII Photo Agency), born in Litoměřice, Czechoslovakia
  • 1947 Tom Clancy, American author (Rainbow Six, The Hunt for Red October), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2013)
  • 1948 Joschka Fischer, German politician and Foreign Minister of Germany (1998-2005), born in Gerabronn, Germany
  • 1949 Carol Ross Barney, American architect (1st woman to design US federal building), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1949 Scott Turow, American lawyer and author (Presumed Innocent), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1950 Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1), born in Verzuolo, Italy
  • 1950 Joyce Banda, President of Malawi (2012-2014), born in Malemia, Nyasaland
  • 1950 Kari Palaste, Finnish architect, born in Kajaani, Finland
  • 1973 J. Scott Campbell, American comic book artist, born in East Tawas, Michigan
  • 1981 Tulsi Gabbard, American politician (Rep-D-Hawaii 2013-) 1st American-Samoan and Hindu member of Congress, born in Leloaloa, American Samoa

David HoggDavid Hogg (22 years old)

2000 American gun control activist and author (#NeverAgain: A New Generation Draws the Line) who as a student survived the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, born in Parkland, Florida