Birthdays in History on April 13

  • April
  • 1506 Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (co-founder of Society of Jesus), born in Villaret, Duchy of Savoy Holy Roman Empire (d. 1546)
  • 1519 Catherine de' Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons, born in Florence (d. 1589)
  • 1545 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain, born in Fontainbleau, France (d. 1568)

Person of interestGuy Fawkes

1570 Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator who was convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up the British Parliament, born in York, England (d. 1606)

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
  • 1573 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen consort of Sweden as the wife of King Charles IX, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1625)
  • 1584 Albert VI, Duke of Bavaria, born in Munich (d. 1666)
  • 1593 Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford and Viceroy of Ireland, born in London, England (d. 1641)
  • 1618 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer, born in Epiry, France (d. 1693)
  • 1626 Aert Jansse van Nes, Dutch naval commander, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • 1648 Jeanne Guyon, French mystic, born in Montargis, Orléanais (d. 1717)
  • 1729 Thomas Percy, English literary and bishop of Dromore, born in Bridgnorth, Shropshire, England (d. 1811)

Person of interestFrederick North

1732 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London (d. 1792)

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
  • 1735 Isaac Low, American delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Piscataway, Province of New Jersey, British America (d. 1791)

Person of interestThomas Jefferson

1743 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826)

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1747 Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, born in Château de Saint Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1793)
  • 1749 Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt, Dutch count and vice-admiral, born in Wageningen, Netherlands (d. 1828)

  • 1756 Louis Henri, Prince of Condé, born in Hôtel de Condé, Paris (d. 1830)
  • 1764 Laurent, 1st Marquis of Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal, born in Toul, Three Bishoprics, France (d. 1830)
  • 1769 Thomas Lawrence, English portrait painter, born in Bristol, England (d. 1830)
  • 1771 Frans Adam van der Duyn van Maasdam, Dutch governor (South Holland), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1771 Richard Trevithick, English inventor (steam locomotive), born in Tregajorran, England (d. 1833)
  • 1780 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), born in Dublin (d. 1868)
  • 1784 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder, born in Alblasserdam, Netherlands (d. 1858)
  • 1784 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1877)
  • 1787 John Robertson, American politician, born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • 1791 Félix de Mérode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War and Finance, born in Maastricht, Belgium (d. 1857)
  • 1802 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Henry Haywood Bell, U.S. Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Orange County, North Carolina (d. 1868)
  • 1808 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (invented a telephone-like device), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1896)
  • 1817 Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian and archivist (Brussels), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1898)
  • 1822 Leroy Augustus Stafford, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Cheneyville Rapides Parish, Louisiana (d. 1864)
  • 1822 William Stephen Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1899)
  • 1825 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation, born in Carlingford, County Louth, Ireland (d. 1868)
  • 1828 J. B. Lightfoot, English theologist and bishop of Durham, born in Liverpool, Lancashire (d. 1889)
  • 1832 James Wimshurst, British designer and inventor (electrostatic generator), born in Poplar, England (d. 1898)
  • 1832 Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), born in Ambato, Ecuador (d. 1889)
  • 1841 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, Dutch jurist and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1888-93), born in Wadenoijen, Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • 1849 Enrique José Varona, Cuban author, born in Puerto Principe, Cuba (d. 1933)
  • 1850 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, born in County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1917)
  • 1851 Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1928)

  • 1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Richard T. Ely, American economist and author (Hard Times), born in Ripley, New York (d. 1943)
  • 1860 James Ensor, Flemish painter and etcher (De lampenjongen), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1949)

Person of interestButch Cassidy

1866 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1908)

  • 1872 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • 1873 John W. Davis, American politician and United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 1955)
  • 1875 Ray Lyman Wilbur, American politician and 3rd President of Stanford University, born in Boonesboro, Iowa (d. 1949)
  • 1883 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer and Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1940-45), born in Goënga, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • 1885 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1887 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association, born in Gladstone, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • 1889 Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist, born in Worthington, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • 1890 Frank Murphy, American politician and 56th United States Attorney General, born in Harbor Beach, Michigan (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Maurice Buckley, Australian soldier and winner of the Victoria Cross, born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1921)
  • 1891 Nellallitea "Nella" Larsen [Nellie Walker], African-American Harlem Renaissance novelist (Quicksand, Passing), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1964)

Person of interestRobert Watson-Watt

1892 Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland (d. 1973)

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1892 Arthur Harris, British RAF Commanding Chief known as "Bomber/Butcher Harris" for commanding the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (d. 1984)
  • 1895 Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Ingham, Queensland, Australia (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1899 Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and game inventor (Scrabble), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1899 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1900 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer, born in Agen, France (d. 1976)
  • 1901 René Pleven, Prime Minister of France (1950-51, 5152), born in Rennes, France (d. 1993)
  • 1901 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist, born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • 1904 Georges Yves Marie Congar, Dominican theologian cardinal, born in Sedan, Ardennes, France (d. 1995)

Person of interestSamuel Beckett

1906 Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland (d. 1989)

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1907 Harold Stassen, American politician (25th Governor of Minnesota) and perennial presidential candidate, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Eudora Welty, American novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973), born in Jackson, Mississippi (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, wildlife conservationist, born in Nairobi (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Stanislaw Ulam, Polish mathematician, born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1984)
  • 1911 Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist, born in Nouvelle, Quebec, Canada (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Roy Winsor, American producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1913 Bernard Chacksfield, British Air Vice-Marshal, born in Ilford, Essex (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Bert Peleman, Flemish writer, born in Puurs, Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Rederic Coote, British Anglican Bishop (Colchester) (d. 2000)
  • 1915 Stephan Hermlin, German writer, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Tom Greenshields, English sculptor, born in Devon, England (d. 1994)
  • 1918 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, born in St Pauls Cray, Kent (2002)
  • 1919 Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist who opposed prayer in school and was murdered in 1995, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Roland Gaucher, French journalist, born in Paris (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Liam Cosgrave, Irish politician (Fine Gael Party), born in Castleknock, Dublin (d. 2017)
  • 1920 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1920 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Dutch-Swiss industrialist, born in Scheveningen, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1921 Maxwell Henley Harris, Australian poet and publisher (Gift of Blood), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 John Braine, English novelist (Life at the Top), born in Bradford, Yorkshire (d. 1986)
  • 1922 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), born in Butiama, Tanganyika (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Neville Robinson, English physicist, born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1926 John Spencer-Churchill, 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner, born in Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Bill Wedderburn, Baron Wedderburn of Charlton, British politician, born in London (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Joyce Plesters, British conservation scientist, born in Studley, Warwickshire (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Alan Clark, English politician (Minister for Defence Procurement), born in Paddington, London (d. 1999)
  • 1930 Jeremiah Harman, British Judge "the kicking Judge", born in Kensington, London
  • 1931 Beverley Cross, English playwright, born in London
  • 1932 Orlando Letelier, Chilean economist and politician, born in Temuco, Chile (d. 1976)
  • 1933 Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Cheyenne-American politician (Sen-D Colorado), born in Auburn, California
  • 1935 Kenneth Hayr, Air Marshal, born in Whangarei, New Zealand (d. 2001)
  • 1937 Lanford Wilson, American playwright (Hot L Baltimore), born in Lebanon, Missouri
  • 1938 John Weston, British diplomat, representative for NATO (1992-95) and UN (1995-98)
  • 1939 Barbara-Rose Collins, American politician (Rep-D-Michigan), born in Detroit, Michigan

Person of interestSeamus Heaney

1939 Seamus Heaney, Irish poet and playwright (Nobel Prize in Literature 1995), born in Castledawson, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland (d. 2013)

  • 1939 Wijnie Jabaaij, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1941 Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1985), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1942 Ataol Behramoğlu, Turkish poet and writer, born in Çatalca, Istanbul Province, Turkey
  • 1943 Billy Kidd, American skier, born in Burlington, Vermont
  • 1944 Charles Burnett, American director (When it Rains, Glass Shield), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 1944 Susan Davis, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1945 Carlos Gimenez, Argentine-Venezuelan founder (Theater festival of Caracas) (d. 1993)
  • 1946 Roy Loney, American rocker (Flamin' Groovies)
  • 1948 Peter Sweval, American rocker (Looking Glass, Starz), born in Toms River, New Jersey (d. 1990)

  • 1948 Sue Doughty, British politician (MP for Guildford), born in York, England
  • 1948 Nam Hae-il, 25th Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy
  • 1949 Jean-Jacques Favier, French engineer and astronaut (STS 78), born in Kehl, Germany
  • 1949 Philippe Petit, French high-wire artist, born in Nemours, Seine-et-Marne, France

Person of interestChristopher Hitchens

1949 Christopher Hitchens, English author and columnist (Vanity Fair, New Statesman), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 2011)

Author, Journalist and Orator Christopher Hitchens
Author, Journalist and Orator
Christopher Hitchens
  • 1951 Jack Quinn, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1952 Ron Dittemore, American space administrator, born in Cooperstown, New York
  • 1952 David Drew, British politician (MP for Stroud), born in Gloucestershire, England
  • 1953 Stephen Byers, British politician (L), (MG Rover Group controversy), born in Wolverhampton
  • 1953 Brigitte Macron, French teacher and wife of politician Emmanuel Macron, born in Amiens, France
  • 1954 Barbara Roche, British Labour Party politician
  • 1955 Ole von Beust, German politician and Mayor of Hamburg, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1957 Amy Goodman, American activist and host of Democracy Now, born in Bay Shore, New York
  • 1960 Rudi Völler, German football coach, born in Hanau, West Germany
  • 1960 Bob Casey, Jr., American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1965 Patricio Pouchulu, Argentine architect, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1968 Margrethe Vestager, Danish politician and European Commissioner for Competition, born in Glostrup, Zealand
  • 1974 Ruben Östlund, Swedish director (The Square), born in Styrsö, Sweden
  • 1987 Brandon Hardesty, American internet entertainer, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1991 Dylan Francis Penn, daughter of Sean Penn & Robin Wright, born in Los Angeles, California