Birthdays in History on April 13

  • 1229 Louis II, Duke of Bavaria, ruler of upper Baveria, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1294)
  • 1506 Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (co-founder of Society of Jesus), born in Villaret, Duchy of Savoy Holy Roman Empire (d. 1546)

Catherine de' MediciCatherine de' Medici (1519-1589)

Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons, born in Florence

  • 1545 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain, born in Fontainbleau, France (d. 1568)

Guy FawkesGuy Fawkes (1570-1606)

English Catholic conspirator who was convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up the British Parliament, born in York, England

  • 1573 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen consort of Sweden as the wife of King Charles IX, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1625)
  • 1584 Albert VI, Duke of Bavaria, born in Munich (d. 1666)
  • 1593 Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford and Viceroy of Ireland, born in London, England (d. 1641)
  • 1618 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer, born in Epiry, France (d. 1693)
  • 1626 Aert Jansse van Nes, Dutch naval commander, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • 1648 Jeanne Guyon, French mystic, born in Montargis, Orléanais (d. 1717)
  • 1729 Thomas Percy, English literary and bishop of Dromore, born in Bridgnorth, Shropshire, England (d. 1811)

Frederick NorthFrederick North (1732-1792)

Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London

  • 1735 Isaac Low, American delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Piscataway, Province of New Jersey, British America (d. 1791)

Thomas JeffersonThomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia

  • 1747 Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, born in Château de Saint Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1793)
  • 1749 Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt, Dutch count and vice-admiral, born in Wageningen, Netherlands (d. 1828)
  • 1756 Louis Henri, Prince of Condé, born in Hôtel de Condé, Paris (d. 1830)
  • 1764 Laurent, 1st Marquis of Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal, born in Toul, Three Bishoprics, France (d. 1830)
  • 1769 Thomas Lawrence, English portrait painter, born in Bristol, England (d. 1830)
  • 1771 Frans Adam van der Duyn van Maasdam, Dutch governor (South Holland), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1771 Richard Trevithick, English inventor (steam locomotive), born in Tregajorran, England (d. 1833)
  • 1780 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), born in Dublin (d. 1868)
  • 1784 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder, born in Alblasserdam, Netherlands (d. 1858)
  • 1784 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1877)
  • 1787 John Robertson, American politician, born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • 1791 Félix de Mérode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War and Finance, born in Maastricht, Belgium (d. 1857)
  • 1802 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (invented a telephone-like device), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1889)
  • 1808 Henry Haywood Bell, U.S. Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Orange County, North Carolina (d. 1868)
  • 1817 Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian and archivist (Brussels), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1898)
  • 1822 Leroy Augustus Stafford, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Cheneyville Rapides Parish, Louisiana (d. 1864)
  • 1822 William Stephen Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1899)
  • 1825 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation, born in Carlingford, County Louth, Ireland (d. 1868)
  • 1828 J. B. Lightfoot, English theologist and bishop of Durham, born in Liverpool, Lancashire (d. 1889)
  • 1828 Josephine Butler, English feminist and social reformer (campaigned against human trafficking), born in Milfield, England (d. 1906)
  • 1828 Josephine Butler, English social reformer (campaigned against the slave trade and Contagious Diseases Acts), born in Northumberland, England (d. 1906)
  • 1832 James Wimshurst, British designer and inventor (electrostatic generator), born in Poplar, England (d. 1898)
  • 1832 Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), born in Ambato, Ecuador (d. 1889)
  • 1841 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, Dutch jurist and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1888-93), born in Wadenoijen, Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • 1849 Enrique José Varona, Cuban author, born in Puerto Principe, Cuba (d. 1933)
  • 1850 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, born in County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1917)
  • 1851 Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1928)
  • 1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Richard T. Ely, American economist and author (Hard Times), born in Ripley, New York (d. 1943)
  • 1860 James Ensor, Flemish painter and etcher (De lampenjongen), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1949)

Butch CassidyButch Cassidy (1866-1908)

American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah

  • 1872 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • 1873 John W. Davis, American politician and United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 1955)
  • 1875 Ray Lyman Wilbur, American politician and 3rd President of Stanford University, born in Boonesboro, Iowa (d. 1949)
  • 1883 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1885 Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer and Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1940-45), born in Goënga, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • 1887 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association, born in Gladstone, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • 1889 Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist, born in Worthington, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • 1890 Frank Murphy, American politician and 56th United States Attorney General, born in Harbor Beach, Michigan (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Maurice Buckley, Australian soldier and winner of the Victoria Cross, born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1921)
  • 1891 Nellallitea "Nella" Larsen [Nellie Walker], African-American Harlem Renaissance novelist (Quicksand, Passing), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1964)
  • 1892 Arthur Harris, British RAF Commanding Chief known as "Bomber/Butcher Harris" for commanding the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (d. 1984)

Robert Watson-WattRobert Watson-Watt (1892-1973)

Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland

  • 1895 Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Ingham, Queensland, Australia (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1899 Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and game inventor (Scrabble), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1899 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1900 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer, born in Agen, France (d. 1976)
  • 1901 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist, born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • 1901 René Pleven, Prime Minister of France (1950-52), born in Rennes, France (d. 1993)
  • 1904 Georges Yves Marie Congar, Dominican theologian cardinal, born in Sedan, Ardennes, France (d. 1995)

Samuel BeckettSamuel Beckett (1906-1989)

Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland

  • 1907 Harold Stassen, American politician (25th Governor of Minnesota) and perennial presidential candidate, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Eudora Welty, American novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973), born in Jackson, Mississippi (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, wildlife conservationist, born in Nairobi (d. 1996)

Stanislaw UlamStanislaw Ulam (1909-1984)

Polish-American mathematician and nuclear physicist (Manhattan Project, H-bomb), born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary

  • 1911 Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist, born in Nouvelle, Quebec, Canada (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Roy Winsor, American producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1913 Bernard Chacksfield, British Air Vice-Marshal, born in Ilford, Essex (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Bert Peleman, Flemish writer, born in Puurs, Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Rederic Coote, British Anglican Bishop (Colchester) (d. 2000)
  • 1915 Stephan Hermlin, German writer, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Tom Greenshields, English sculptor, born in Devon, England (d. 1994)
  • 1918 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, born in St Pauls Cray, Kent, England (d. 2002)
  • 1919 Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist who opposed prayer in school and was murdered in 1995, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Roland Gaucher, French journalist, born in Paris (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Liam Cosgrave, Irish politician (Fine Gael Party), born in Castleknock, Dublin (d. 2017)
  • 1920 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1921 Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Dutch-Swiss industrialist, born in Scheveningen, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1921 Maxwell Henley Harris, Australian poet and publisher (Gift of Blood), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 John Braine, English novelist (Life at the Top), born in Bradford, Yorkshire (d. 1986)
  • 1922 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), born in Butiama, Tanganyika (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Neville Robinson, English physicist, born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1926 John Spencer-Churchill, 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner, born in Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Bill Wedderburn, Baron Wedderburn of Charlton, British politician, born in London (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Joyce Plesters, British conservation scientist, born in Studley, Warwickshire (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Alan Clark, English politician (Minister for Defence Procurement), born in Paddington, London (d. 1999)
  • 1930 Jeremiah Harman, British Judge "the kicking Judge", born in Kensington, London
  • 1931 Beverley Cross, English playwright, born in London
  • 1932 Barney Simon, South African theatre director and writer, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1995)
  • 1932 Orlando Letelier, Chilean economist and politician, born in Temuco, Chile (d. 1976)
  • 1933 Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Cheyenne-American politician (Sen-D Colorado), born in Auburn, California
  • 1935 Kenneth Hayr, Air Marshal, born in Whangarei, New Zealand (d. 2001)
  • 1937 Lanford Wilson, American playwright (Hot L Baltimore), born in Lebanon, Missouri
  • 1938 John Weston, British diplomat, representative for NATO (1992-95) and UN (1995-98)
  • 1939 Barbara-Rose Collins, American politician (Rep-D-Michigan), born in Detroit, Michigan

Seamus HeaneySeamus Heaney (1939-2013)

Irish poet and playwright (Nobel Prize in Literature 1995), born in Castledawson, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland [1] [2]

  • 1939 Wijnie Jabaaij, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1941 Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1985), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1942 Ataol Behramoğlu, Turkish poet and writer, born in Çatalca, Istanbul Province, Turkey
  • 1943 Billy Kidd, American skier, born in Burlington, Vermont
  • 1944 Susan Davis, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California (D), 2001-21), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1945 Carlos Giménez, Argentine-Venezuelan stage director and arts promoter (co-founder of International Theater Festival of Caracas, 1971), born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 1993)
  • 1946 Roy Loney, American rocker (Flamin' Groovies)
  • 1948 Nam Hae-il, 25th Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy
  • 1948 Sue Doughty, British politician (MP for Guildford), born in York, England

Christopher HitchensChristopher Hitchens (1949-2011)

English author and columnist (Vanity Fair, New Statesman), born in Portsmouth, England

  • 1949 Jean-Jacques Favier, French engineer and astronaut (STS 78), born in Kehl, Germany
  • 1949 Philippe Petit, French high-wire artist, born in Nemours, Seine-et-Marne, France
  • 1951 Jack Quinn, American politician (US House of Representatives from New York (R), 1993-2005), and college president (Erie Community, 2008-17), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1952 David Drew, British politician (MP for Stroud), born in Gloucestershire, England
  • 1952 Ron Dittemore, American space administrator, born in Cooperstown, New York
  • 1953 Brigitte Macron, French teacher and wife of politician Emmanuel Macron, born in Amiens, France
  • 1953 Stephen Byers, British politician (L), (MG Rover Group controversy), born in Wolverhampton
  • 1954 Barbara Roche, British Labour Party politician
  • 1955 Ole von Beust, German politician and Mayor of Hamburg, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1957 Amy Goodman, American activist and host of Democracy Now, born in Bay Shore, New York
  • 1960 Bob Casey, Jr., American lawyer and politician (Senator-D-Pennsylvania 2007-), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1960 Rudi Völler, German football coach, born in Hanau, West Germany
  • 1965 Patricio Pouchulu, Argentine architect, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1968 Margrethe Vestager, Danish politician and European Commissioner for Competition, born in Glostrup, Zealand
  • 1974 Ruben Östlund, Swedish director (The Square), born in Styrsö, Sweden
  • 1987 Brandon Hardesty, American internet entertainer, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1991 Dylan Francis Penn, daughter of Sean Penn & Robin Wright, born in Los Angeles, California