Birthdays in History on April 14

  • 1336 Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
  • 1572 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)
  • 1578 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621)
  • 1592 Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher
  • 1629 Christian Huygens, Holland, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings)
  • 1668 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)
  • 1714 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • 1721 William August duke of Cumberland, English army leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1738 William Cavendish-Bentinck, British 3rd Duke of Portland, Whig Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), born in Nottinghamshire, (d. 1809)

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • 1741 Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1762 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist
  • 1788 David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
  • 1797 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
  • 1803 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter
  • 1809 George W Vreede, Dutch lawyer/politician
  • 1813 Junius S Morgan, American merchant/philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • 1818 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
  • 1820 Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1827 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer/ambassador in Abyssinia
  • 1832 James Hewett Ledlie, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Utica, New York (d. 1882)
  • 1857 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1861 Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
  • 1862 Pyotr A Stolypin, premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 1866 Anne Sullivan, US teacer, educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • 1868 Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • 1872 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • 1874 Count Alexander, of Athlone, gov-gen (South-Africa/Canada)
  • 1876 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • 1877 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar
  • 1879 James Branch Cabell, American novelist/essayist (Restless Heads)
  • 1881 Anton Wildgans, Austrian writer/director (Burg Theater)
  • 1882 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
  • 1886 Edward C Tolman, US psychologist (behaviorism)
  • 1886 Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • 1889 Efim D Bogoljubov, Russian chess player

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 B.R. Ambedkar [Baba Saheb], Indian politician, jurist (architect of the Constitution of India) and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement, born in Mhow, India (d. 1956)

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar
  • 1892 Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian
  • 1897 Barbara Wootten, U.K. baroness
  • 1901 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Menachem A Schneerson, rebee (head of Lubavitcher Jews)
  • 1904 Reinout W van Bemmelen, Dutch geologist
  • 1904 Sonia Gaskell, Russian/Neth choreographer
  • 1905 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer/CEO (Philips)
  • 1905 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • 1907 Francois "Doc" Duvalier, dictator of Haiti
  • 1907 Otto F A H van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden)/MP (KVP)
  • 1912 Robert Doisneau, photographer

  • 1917 Marvin Miller, American labor activist, (d. 2012)
  • 1920 John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice
  • 1921 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), born in Oakland, California (d. 2016)
  • 1923 William Darling, journalist
  • 1925 Abel Muzorewa, bishop/premier (Rhodesia)
  • 1926 Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • 1929 William Edgar Thornton, Faison NC, MD/astronaut (STS-8, 51-B, sk:49)
  • 1930 George W Gekas, (Rep-R-PA, 1983- )
  • 1934 Fredric Jameson, American philosopher, cultural theorist
  • 1935 Erich von Däniken, Zofingen, Aargau, Swiss writer (Chariots of the Gods)
  • 1936 Frank Serpico, American policeman
  • 1938 Gloria [Dean] Randle Scott, American educator/pres (Beaumont College)
  • 1941 Anatoli Pavlocich Fyodorov, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • 1942 Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • 1943 Clarice Elaine Gaylord, director of research grants (EPA)
  • 1943 Yvonne Vriens-Auerbach, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1945 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
  • 1946 Tom Monteleone, American writer (Dark Star & Illumination)
  • 1948 Chester G Atkins, (Rep-D-MA)
  • 1948 Ty Grimes, rocker (Capt Beefheart Band Drums
  • 1948 Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1949 DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
  • 1950 Francis Collins, American scientist
  • 1953 Irina Rudolfovna Pronina, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1953 David Buss, Evolutionary psychologist
  • 1954 Bruce Sterling, American sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)
  • 1966 André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
  • 1969 Vebjørn Selbekk, Norwegian journalist
  • 1971 Peter Gibson, American writer
  • 1975 Anderson [da] Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist (longest UFC title streak at 2,547 days), born in São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1979 Randal McCloy, Survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster
  • 1983 William Yaw Obeng, Arena Football League lineman