Birthdays in History on April 14

  • 1527 Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and dealer in maps, books, and antiquities (Theatrum orbis terrarum), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1598)
  • 1572 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1632)

Philip IIIPhilip III (1578-1621)

King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), born in Madrid, Spain

  • 1592 Abraham Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1652)

Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens (1629-1695)

Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), born in The Hague, Netherlands

  • 1668 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1714 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, born in Muckhart, Perthshire (d. 1788)
  • 1721 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English army leader, born in London (d. 1765)

William Cavendish-BentinckWilliam Cavendish-Bentinck (1738-1809)

3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1783, 1807-09), born in Nottinghamshire, England

  • 1741 Emperor Momozono, 116th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1762 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1839)
  • 1788 David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1870)
  • 1797 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77), born in Bouc-Bel-Air, France (d. 1877)
  • 1803 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1887)
  • 1809 George Willem Vreede, Dutch lawyer and politician, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Junius Spencer Morgan, American merchant and philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art), born in Holyoke, Massachusetts (d. 1890)
  • 1818 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, born in Hildburghausen, Saxe-Hildburghausen (d. 1907)
  • 1820 Harry T. Hays, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilson County, Tennessee (d. 1876)
  • 1827 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist, born in Bramham cum Oglethorpe, Wetherby, Yorkshire (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, born in Vegesack, Bremen, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1832 James Hewett Ledlie, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Utica, New York (d. 1882)
  • 1857 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1862 Pyotr Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1866 Anne Sullivan [Johanna Macy], American teacher who educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • 1868 Peter Behrens, German architect, born in Hamburg, North German Confederation (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1905)
  • 1872 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1953)
  • 1874 Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Canada, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1957)
  • 1876 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • 1877 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1879 James Branch Cabell, American novelist and essayist (Restless Heads), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1886 Edward C. Tolman, American psychologist (behaviorism), born in West Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ernst Robert Curtius, German literature historian, born in Thann, Haut-Rhin (d. 1956)

Arnold J. ToynbeeArnold J. Toynbee (1889-1975)

English historian (A Study of History), born in London

B.R. AmbedkarB.R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)

Indian politician, jurist (architect of the Constitution of India) and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement, born in Mhow, India

  • 1892 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1957)
  • 1897 Barbara Wootton, Baroness Wootton of Abinger, British sociologist and criminologist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-American rabbi (head of Lubavitcher Jews), born in Nikolaev, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1994)
  • 1904 Reinout Willem van Bemmelen, Dutch geologist, born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1983)
  • 1904 Sonia Gaskell, Russian-Dutch choreographer (Diaghilev), born in Vilkaviškis, Lithuania (d. 1974)
  • 1905 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator, born in Hamburg, Arkansas (d. 1999)

François DuvalierFrançois Duvalier (1907-1971)

Dictator and President of Haiti (1957-71), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti

  • 1907 Otto Frans Antoine Hubert van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden), born in Pannerden, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), born in Gentilly, Val-de-Marne, France (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Rosanell Eaton, American voting rights advocate, born near Louisburg, North Carolina (d. 2018)
  • 1921 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), born in Oakland, California (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979-80), born in Umtali, Manicaland, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2010)
  • 1926 Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author, born in Hastings, New Zealand (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • 1929 William Edgar Thornton, American medical doctor, USAF officer, and NASA astronaut (STS-8; STS-51-B), born in Faison, North Carolina (d. 2021)
  • 1930 George Gekas, American politician (Rep-R-PA, 1983-2003), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1932 Bill Bennett, Canadian politician, Premier of British Columbia (1975-86), born in Kelowna, British Columbia (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Fredric Jameson, American philosopher and cultural theorist
  • 1935 Erich von Däniken, Swiss writer (Chariots of the Gods), born in Zofingen, Aargau
  • 1936 Frank Serpico, American policeman who blew whistle on NYPD corruption, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1938 Gloria Randle Scott, American educator/President of Beaumont College, born in Houston, Texas
  • 1942 Valentin Lebedev, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1943 Clarice Elaine Gaylord, American director of research grants (EPA)
  • 1943 Yvonne Vriens-Auerbach, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1945 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa, born in Lepa, Samoa
  • 1946 Tom Monteleone, American writer (Dark Star & Illumination)
  • 1948 Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1948 Chester G. Atkins, American politician (Rep-D-Mass 1985-93)
  • 1949 DeAnne Julius, American-English economist
  • 1950 Francis Collins, American scientist who led the Human Genome Project, born in Staunton, Virgibia
  • 1951 Gregory "Greg" Winter, British biochemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018) known for the therapeutic use of antibodies, born in Leicester, England
  • 1953 David Buss, American Evolutionary psychologist
  • 1954 Bruce Sterling, American sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)
  • 1957 Bobbi Brown, American make-up artist (Bobbi Brown Cosmetics), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1963 Thomas W. Libous, American politician (Senate-R-New York 1989-2015) brought down by scandal, born in Johnson City, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1966 André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
  • 1971 Peter Gibson, American writer, born in Greenwich, Connecticut
  • 1979 Randal McCloy, Survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster
  • 1983 William Obeng, American football offensive lineman, born in Accra, Ghana