Birthdays in History on April 15

Person of interestLeonardo da Vinci

1452 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor, scientist and visionary, born in Vinci, Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Painter, Scientist & Visionary Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, Scientist & Visionary
Leonardo da Vinci

Person of interestGuru Nanak

1469 Guru Nanak, Founder of the religion of Sikhism and the 1st Sikh Guru, born in Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi, Punjab, Pakistan (d. 1539)

Founder of Sikhism Guru Nanak
Founder of Sikhism
Guru Nanak
  • 1489 Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)
  • 1552 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)
  • 1588 Claudius Salmasius, [Claude Saumaise], French linguist
  • 1641 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
  • 1646 King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)
  • 1646 Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)
  • 1682 John van Huysum, Dutch painter (flowers/fruit)
  • 1684 Catherine I, empress of Russia (1725-27)

Person of interestLeonhard Euler

1707 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1783)

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
Leonhard Euler
  • 1710 William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
  • 1741 Charles Willson Peale, American painter remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution (George Washington), born in Chester, Province of Maryland (d. 1827)
  • 1766 Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher/critic
  • 1772 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)
  • 1786 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1876)

  • 1793 Friedrich Struve, German founded dynasty of astronomers
  • 1794 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)
  • 1800 James Clark Ross, explorer (British Antarctic)
  • 1809 Hermann Gunther Grassmann, mathematician
  • 1812 Pierre-Etienne-Theodore Rousseau, painter
  • 1814 John Lothrop Motley, American historian/author (Rise of Dutch Rep)
  • 1820 Evander McNair, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • 1821 Emerson Brown Joseph, (Confederacy), (d. 1894)
  • 1822 Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana, American Major General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1905)
  • 1829 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon
  • 1832 Wilhelm Busch, German poet (d. 1908)
  • 1837 Horace Porter, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1921)
  • 1841 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • 1843 Henry James, American/British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), (d. 1916)
  • 1850 John Munroe Longyear, American capitalist/bank president
  • 1858 Anton G O Ridder Van Rappard, Dutch painter/lithographer/etcher
  • 1858 Emile Durkheim, French sociologist (Division du travail social)
  • 1861 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • 1874 Johannes Stark, German physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)
  • 1874 George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)
  • 1875 Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker, Dutch playwright/novelist (Poverty)
  • 1878 Robert Walser, Swiss writer, born in Biel (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer (d. 1980)
  • 1882 Giovanni Amendola, Italian antifascist/editor-in-chief (Il Mondo)
  • 1883 Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)

  • 1885 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • 1886 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1888 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)
  • 1889 Asa Philip Randolph, labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union)
  • 1889 Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)
  • 1892 Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)
  • 1892 Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)

Person of interestNikita Khrushchev

1894 Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia (d. 1971)

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1895 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Gente in Aspromonte)
  • 1896 Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1902 Fernando Pessa, Portuguese journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1903 Erich Arendt, writer [or Apr 16]
  • 1904 Arshile Gorky, Armenian Artist (d. 1948)
  • 1906 Susan Walker, vice CEO (WRVS)
  • 1907 Nicholas Tinbergen, Neth/British biologist/zoologist (Nobel 1973)
  • 1910 Lord Grey of Naunton, chancellor (Ulster University)
  • 1911 Jacob Fresco, Dutch architect (Antilles Brewery/Autonomy Monument)

Person of interestKim Il-sung

1912 Kim Il-sung, Founder, dictator and Supreme Leader of North-Korea (1948-94), born in Mangyongdae, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)

North Korean founder and dictator Kim Il-sung
North Korean founder and dictator
Kim Il-sung
  • 1912 Peter Menzies, CEO (British Electricity Council)
  • 1915 Elizabeth Catlett, sculptor and print maker (Mother and Child), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2012)
  • 1916 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1919 Clive Beadon, British RAF Wing Commander and pilot (WWII), born in Conoor near Poona, India (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Elizabeth Catelett, sculptor/lithographer
  • 1919 Meriol Trevor, novelist/biographer (Civil Prisoners)
  • 1920 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), born in Stuttgart
  • 1920 Thomas Szasz, psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Georgi Timofeyevich Beregovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 3)
  • 1922 Harold Washington, 1st African American mayor of Chicago (D, 1983-87)
  • 1923 Douglas Wass, CEO (Equity & Law Life Assurance Company)
  • 1924 John Grigg, British historian
  • 1927 Abha Gandhi, servant to Gandhi
  • 1927 Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Norma Merrick Sklarek, 1st African American woman architect in NY & Calif
  • 1928 Richard Evans, British diplomat
  • 1929 Adrian Cadbury, confectionery manufacturer (Cadbury) and author of report on Corporate Governance, (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Jocelyn Barrow, deputy chair person (British Broadcast Standards)
  • 1930 Elijah Barayi, head of South Africa union centre (COSATU)
  • 1930 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • 1931 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), born in Stockholm (d. 2015)
  • 1932 David Bolton, director (British Royal United Service for Defense)
  • 1932 Nikolai Stepanovich Porvatkin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Boris Strugatsky, Soviet-Russian science fiction author (Tale of Troika)
  • 1936 Maurice Shock, rector (Lincoln College in Oxford)
  • 1936 Pen Sovann, 1st post-Khmer Rouge Cambodian Prime Minister (1981), born in Takéo (d. 2016)
  • 1937 Earl Russell, historian
  • 1938 Carles Marsden, professor (neurology)
  • 1938 Hso Khan Pha, Burmese politician
  • 1940 Jeffrey Archer, England, (Tory-Commons)/author (Matter of Honor)
  • 1940 Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics
  • 1941 Roman Balayan, Ukrainian-Armenian director (Filer, Biryuk), born in Nerkin Horatagh, Nagorno-Karabakh AO, Azerbaijan
  • 1941 Howard L Berman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • 1942 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • 1942 Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
  • 1943 Hugh Thompson Jr., American Vietnam War veteran who played a major role in ending the 1968 My Lai massacre, born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2006)

Person of interestRobert Lefkowitz

1943 Robert Lefkowitz, American physician (Nobel Prize for Chemistry), born in NYC, New York

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
  • 1944 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), born in Yalkhori, Chechen-Ingush (d. 1996)
  • 1945 Jos van Rey, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1946 Wayne Gilchrest, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1947 Cristina Husmark Pehrsson, Swedish politician, born in Uddevalla, Sweden
  • 1947 George Marino, American Grammy Award-winning mastering engineer who worked with Guns N' Roses, Bon Jovi, Stevie Wonder, John Lennon & Yoko Ono, born in Bronx, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1951 Hansel, Cuba, spanish personality
  • 1951 Heloise II, columnist (Heloise's Helpful Hints)
  • 1951 John L Phillips, Ft Belvoir Va, PhD/astronaut
  • 1951 Marsha S Ivins, astronaut (STS 32, 46, 62, 81), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1952 Donald Harvey, American serial killer, healthcare worker who killed at least 37 patients, born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 2017)
  • 1955 Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1956 Gregory J Harbaugh, astronaut (STS 39, 54, 71, 82), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1958 Dolores Gordon-Smith, British Writer
  • 1958 Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer
  • 1960 Marvin Clyde Goodwin, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in New Orleans, Louisiana

Person of interestPhilippe of Belgium

1960 Philippe of Belgium, King of the Belgians (2013-), born in Brussels, Belgium

King of Belgium Philippe of Belgium
King of Belgium
Philippe of Belgium
  • 1963 Bobby Pepper, American journalist
  • 1965 Soichi Noguchi, astronaut, born in Yokohama, Japan
  • 1967 Frankie Poullain [Francis Poullain-Patterson], British bass player (The Darkness), born in Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • 1981 Seth Wulsin, American artist