Birthdays in History on April 16

  • 778 Louis I the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor ((814-840), born in Poitiers, Aquitaine (d. 840)
  • 1319 John II, King of France (1350-64), born in Le Mans, France (d. 1364)
  • 1495 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, born in Leisnig, Saxony (d. 1557)
  • 1628 Cornelis Evertsen de Younger, Dutch vice admiral of Zealand, born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1679)
  • 1635 Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch painter, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1681)
  • 1646 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1708)
  • 1648 John Luyken, Dutch poet and etcher (Duytse Lyre), born in Amsterdam (d. 1712)
  • 1660 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (providing the foundation of the British Museum), born in Killyleagh, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1753)
  • 1661 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman, born in Horton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1715)
  • 1682 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), born in Bloomsbury, London (d. 1744)
  • 1693 Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark and Norway (1721-30), born in Clausholm Castle, Denmark (d. 1743)
  • 1728 Joseph Zwart, Scottish chemist/physicist
  • 1738 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, born in Newfoundland, British Canada (d. 1795)
  • 1755 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1786 John Franklin, English rear admiral and explorer (Arctic), born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1847)
  • 1800 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), born in Peebles, Scotland (d. 1883)
  • 1800 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British army officer (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1808 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1816 Edward Johnson, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Midlothian, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • 1820 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1885)
  • 1821 Ford Madox Brown, British painter, born in Calais, France (d. 1893)
  • 1823 Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart [Esther Pariseau], Canadian religious leader (US capitol), born in Saint-Elzéar, Quebec, Canada (d. 1902)
  • 1823 Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1907)
  • 1823 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1827 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1879)
  • 1844 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1847 Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, born in Wädenswil, Switerland (d. 1906)
  • 1848 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Social reformer of Andhra Pradesh, born in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Herbert Baxter Adams, American historian (American Historical Association), born in Shutesbury, Massachusetts (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Ernst Josephson, Swedish painter, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1906)
  • 1859 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1865 Harry Chauvel, Australian Imperial Force senior officer, born in Tabulam, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1945)
  • 1867 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico (d. 1918)

Person of interestWilbur Wright

1867 Wilbur Wright, American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Millville, Indiana (d. 1912)

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • 1871 John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist and poet (Riders to the Sea), born in Rathfarnham, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1909)
  • 1881 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax and British ambassador to US (1940-46), born in Powderham Castle, Devon, England (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1895 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1948)
  • 1897 John Bagot Glubb, British commandant and writer (A soldier with the Arabs), born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 1986)
  • 1899 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist, born in Bergaliszki (d. 1988)
  • 1900 Polly Adler, Russian bordello proprieter and author (House is not a Home), born in Yanow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1901 Leo Poos, nazi police officer (caught Dutch underground agents)
  • 1904 Clifford P. Case, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey, born in Franklin Park, New Jersey (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer and CEO (Philips), born in Eindhoven, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1905 John Lee-Barber, admiral
  • 1906 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist
  • 1906 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1907 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1907 Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
  • 1909 Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian
  • 1911 William Stearn, botanist

  • 1911 Guy Burgess, English-born Soviet spy, born in Devonport, England (d. 1963)
  • 1912 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Garth Williams, American illustrator (Charlotte's Web), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Lord Aberconway, CEO (John Brown & Co)
  • 1915 Dany [Daniel S] Tuijnman, head of Dutch traffic & water
  • 1917 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1919 Merce Cunningham, choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus)
  • 1919 Tom Willmore, English geometer (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Dermot O'Callaghan Grubb, prison governor
  • 1920 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1920 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo)
  • 1922 Christopher Samuel Youd, UK, sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Kingsley Amis, English novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Leo Tindemans, Belgian statesman, Prime Minister of Belgium (1974-78), born in Zwijndrecht,
  • 1924 John Harvey-Jones, CEO (ICI)
  • 1926 Barbara Tizzard, British educator

Person of interestBenedict XVI

1927 Pope Benedict XVI [Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger], Catholic Pope (2005-2013), born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany

265th Pope  Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 1930 John Robson, British ambassador (Norway)
  • 1931 Piet de Visser, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1934 Brian Peppiatt, joint CEO (SG Warburg Securities)
  • 1934 Geoffrey Owen, British editor (Financial Times)
  • 1934 Robert Stigwood, Australian producer (Saturday Night Fever, Grease), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Sarah Kirsch, German poet
  • 1936 James Rand, British judge (Advocate General)
  • 1938 Michael Hirst, chief constable (Leicestershire England)
  • 1938 Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician
  • 1939 Margaretha de Boer, Dutch minister (PvdA)
  • 1939 Reinier Lucassen, Dutch painter (Kuifje contra James Union)
  • 1940 Thomas Stonor, 7th Baron Camoys, British banker and deputy CEO (Barclays de Zoete Wedd), born in England

Person of interestMargrethe II

1940 Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark (1972 - present), born in Copenhagen, Denmark

Queen of Denmark Margrethe II
Queen of Denmark
Margrethe II
  • 1940 Paul Cox, Dutch-born Australian director (Lonely Hearts), born in Venlo, the Netherlands (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Benoît Bouchard, French-Canadian public official and former politician, born in Roberval, Quebec
  • 1941 Cliff Stearns, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • 1943 Ewald Vanvugt, author (Kiss of Delight, Seed of Love)
  • 1945 Goran Antunac, Yugoslavia, International Chess Master (1975)
  • 1945 Tom Allen, American politician
  • 1946 Margot Adler, American journalist, born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant
  • 1951 Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer
  • 1951 Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer
  • 1953 J. Neil Schulman, American writer
  • 1955 Charlotte Morrison, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1955 Henri, Heir Apparent Prince of Luxembourg
  • 1956 David M Brown, Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Arlington, Virginia
  • 1956 Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier
  • 1959 Scott McKinsey, American television director
  • 1960 Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician (d. 2007)
  • 1963 Tomas Libous, US politician (Senate-R-New York 1989-2015) brought down by scandal, born in Johnson City, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1964 Robert Kelker-Kelly, Wichita Kansas, (Bo-Days of our Live)
  • 1971 Frederik Nilsson, IHL forward (Team Sweden, KC (IHL)), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1972 Tracey K. Smith, American poet (Pulitzer prize 2011, Poet Laureate), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts
  • 1976 Dan Kellner, American fencer, born in Livingston, New Jersey
  • 1978 Matthew Lloyd, Australian rules footballer, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1982 Barry Jones, Scottish magician, born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • 1982 Gina Carano, American Mixed Martial Arts fighter, born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1984 Amelia Atwater-Rhodes, American author, born in Silver Spring, Maryland
  • 1985 Mark Baker, Welsh author and historian
  • 1990 Heather Fulton, American marine biologist
  • 1992 Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg, Prince of Luxembourg, born in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
  • 2008 Princess Eléonore of Belgium, Belgian princess, born in Anderlecht, Belgium