Birthdays in History on April 16

  • 778 Louis I the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor (814-840), born in Poitiers, Aquitaine (d. 840)
  • 1319 John II, the Good, King of France (1350-64), born in Le Mans, France (d. 1364)
  • 1495 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, born in Leisnig, Saxony (d. 1552)
  • 1628 Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch vice admiral of Zealand, born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1679)
  • 1635 Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch painter, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1681)
  • 1646 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1708)
  • 1648 John Luyken, Dutch poet and etcher (Duytse Lyre), born in Amsterdam (d. 1712)
  • 1660 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (provided foundation of the British Museum), born in Killyleagh, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1753)
  • 1661 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman, born in Horton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1715)
  • 1682 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), born in Bloomsbury, London (d. 1744)
  • 1693 Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark and Norway (1721-30), born in Clausholm Castle, Denmark (d. 1743)
  • 1728 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1799)
  • 1738 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, born in Newfoundland, British Canada (d. 1795)
  • 1755 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1786 John Franklin, English rear admiral and explorer (Arctic), born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1847)
  • 1800 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British army officer (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1800 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), born in Peebles, Scotland (d. 1883)
  • 1808 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1816 Edward Johnson, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Midlothian, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • 1820 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1885)
  • 1821 Ford Madox Brown, British painter, born in Calais, France (d. 1893)
  • 1823 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1823 Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart [Esther Pariseau], Canadian religious leader (US capitol), born in Saint-Elzéar, Quebec, Canada (d. 1902)
  • 1823 Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1907)
  • 1827 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1879)
  • 1844 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1847 Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, born in Wädenswil, Switerland (d. 1906)
  • 1848 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social reformer from Andhra Pradesh, born in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Herbert Baxter Adams, American historian (American Historical Association), born in Shutesbury, Massachusetts (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Ernst Josephson, Swedish painter, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1906)
  • 1859 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1865 Harry Chauvel, Australian Imperial Force senior officer, born in Tabulam, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1945)
  • 1867 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico (d. 1918)

Wilbur WrightWilbur Wright (1867-1912)

American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Millville, Indiana

  • 1871 John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist and poet (Riders to the Sea), born in Rathfarnham, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1909)
  • 1881 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax and British ambassador to US (1940-46), born in Powderham Castle, Devon, England (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1895 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1948)
  • 1897 John Bagot Glubb, British commandant and writer (A soldier with the Arabs), born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 1986)
  • 1899 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist, born in Bergaliszki (d. 1988)
  • 1900 Polly Adler, Russian bordello proprieter and author (House is not a Home), born in Yanow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1904 Clifford P. Case, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey, born in Franklin Park, New Jersey (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer and CEO (Philips), born in Eindhoven, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1905 John Lee-Barber, British Royal Navy officer (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist (d. 1994)
  • 1906 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1907 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal, born in Steyr, Austria (d. 1947)
  • 1907 Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
  • 1909 Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian, born in Denderbelle (d. 1967)
  • 1911 Guy Burgess, English-born Soviet spy, born in Devonport, England (d. 1963)
  • 1911 William T. Stearn, British botanist, born in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire (d. 2001)
  • 1912 Garth Williams, American illustrator (Charlotte's Web), born in NYC, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1912 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Charles McLaren, 3rd Baron Aberconway, British industrialist and CEO (John Brown & Co) (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Dany Tuijnman, Dutch politician (Minister of Transport and Water Management), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1917 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1919 Merce Cunningham, American choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus), born in Centralia, Washington (d. 2009)
  • 1919 Tom Willmore, English geometer, born in Gillingham, England (d. 2005)
  • 1920 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1920 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Christopher Samuel Youd, British sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), born in Huyton, Lancashire, England (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Kingsley Amis, English novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Leo Tindemans, Belgian statesman, Prime Minister of Belgium (1974-78), born in Zwijndrecht, Belgium (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Geoffrey Johnson Smith, Scottish Conservative politician (1959-2001), born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • 1924 John Harvey-Jones, English businessman and chairman of ICI (1982-87), born in Hackney, London (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Barbara Tizard, British educator and author, born in London (d. 2015)

Benedict XVIBenedict XVI (1927-2022)

German Catholic Pope (2005-13), born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany [1]

  • 1931 Piet de Visser, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1934 Geoffrey Owen, British editor (Financial Times)
  • 1935 Sarah Kirsch, German poet, born in Limlingerode, Prussian Saxony (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician (Leader of the Scottish National Party), born in Govan, Glasgow (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Margaretha de Boer, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Amsterdam
  • 1939 Reinier Lucassen, Dutch painter (Kuifje contra James Union), born in Amsterdam
  • 1940 Benoît Bouchard, French Canadian public official and former politician, born in Roberval, Quebec

Margrethe IIMargrethe II (82 years old)

1940 Queen of Denmark (1972 - present), born in Copenhagen, Denmark

  • 1940 Paul Cox, Dutch-born Australian director (Lonely Hearts), born in Venlo, the Netherlands (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Thomas Stonor, 7th Baron Camoys, British banker and deputy CEO (Barclays de Zoete Wedd), born in England
  • 1941 Cliff Stearns, American businessman and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Ewald Vanvugt, Dutch author (Kiss of Delight, Seed of Love), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
  • 1945 Tom Allen, American politician (Rep (D) Maine 1997-2009), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1946 Margot Adler, American journalist, born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant, born in London
  • 1951 Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer, born in Timişoara, Romania
  • 1951 Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer, born in Orbec, Normandy, France
  • 1953 J. Neil Schulman, American writer (Alongside Night), born in Forest Hills, New York
  • 1955 Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (2020-), born in Castle Betzdorf, Betzdorf, Luxembourg
  • 1956 David M. Brown, U.S. Navy Captain and NASA astronaut, born in Arlington, Virginia (d. 2003)
  • 1956 Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier, born in Les Diablerets, Vaud, Switzerland
  • 1959 Scott McKinsey, American television director, born in California
  • 1960 Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician and Congressman, born in Lantawan, Basilan, Philippines (d. 2007)
  • 1962 Antony Blinken, American government official, US Secretary of State (2021-), born in Yonkers, New York
  • 1963 John Delaney, American politician (Rep-D-Maryland 2013-19), born in Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
  • 1971 Frederik Nilsson, IHL forward (Team Sweden, KC (IHL)), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1972 Tracey K. Smith, American poet (Pulitzer prize 2011, Poet Laureate), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts
  • 1976 Dan Kellner, American fencer, born in Livingston, New Jersey
  • 1978 Matthew Lloyd, Australian rules footballer, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1982 Barry Jones, Scottish magician, born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • 1984 Amelia Atwater-Rhodes, American author, born in Silver Spring, Maryland
  • 1985 Mark Baker, Welsh author and historian
  • 1992 Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg, Prince of Luxembourg, born in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
  • 1997 Tayla Harris, Australian rules footballer, born in Australia
  • 2008 Princess Eléonore of Belgium, Belgian princess, born in Anderlecht, Belgium