On This Day

Birthdays in History on April 18

  • 1480 Lucrezia Borgia, Italian noblewoman, daughter of Pope Alexander VI, born in Subiaco, Lazio, Italy (d. 1519)
  • 1521 François de Coligny d'Andelot, French general (Jarnac) and Ruler of van Andelot, born in Châtillon-sur-Loing, France (d. 1569)
  • 1580 Thomas Middleton, English playwright (A Game at Chess), born in London (d. 1627)
  • 1590 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque, born in Manisa Palace, Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1617)
  • 1732 George Colman the Elder, English dramatist, born in Florence (d. 1794)
  • 1740 Francis Baring, English merchant and banker, born in Larkbeare House, Exeter
  • 1744 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist and patriot (Neder-Rhijn), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1771 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1820)
  • 1803 Charles Ferdinand Pahud, Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (1856-61), born in Amsterdam (d. 1873)
  • 1813 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1817 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), born in London (d. 1878)
  • 1819 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban revolutionary hero, born in Bayamo, Spanish Cuba (d. 1874)
  • 1838 Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist, born in Cognac, France (d. 1912)
  • 1839 Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet (Bell Birds), born in Yatte Yattah, New South Wales (d. 1882)
  • 1842 Antero Tarquínio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice), born in Ponta Delgada, Portugal (d. 1891)
  • 1852 George Clausen, English painter, born in London (d. 1944)

  • 1855 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Jan Steen), born in Amsterdam (d. 1946)
  • 1857 Clarence Darrow, American defense attorney at Scopes Monkey Trial, born in Kinsman, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • 1859 Eduard Cuypers, Dutch architect (Sanatorium High-Laren), born in Roermond, The Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • 1864 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • 1868 Didericus van Epen, Dutch genealogist (Dutch Patriarch), born in Amsterdam (d. 1930)
  • 1872 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi, born in Mauston, Wisconsin (d. 1960)
  • 1874 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), born in Bischofswerda, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1875 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), born in Ogulin, Croatian Military Frontier, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1877 Vicente Sotto, Filipino politician and author (Sotto Law, Republic Act No. 53), born in Cebu City, Spanish Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, born in Białystok, Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1888 Arnold Lunn, British skier (created the modern Alpine slalom race), born in Madras, India (d. 1974)
  • 1889 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)
  • 1896 Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse), born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1982)
  • 1897 Ardito Desio, Italian explorer and topographer, born in Palmanova, Friuli, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1898 Charles Leatherland, Baron Leatherland, British journalist and Labour Party politician, born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Giuseppe Pella, 31st Prime Minister of Italy, born in Valdengo, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1905 George H. Hitchings, American scientist (Nobel laureate 1988), born in Hoquiam, Washington (d. 1998)
  • 1906 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1907 Stephen Longstreet, American writer (All or Nothing), born in New York (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Jamie Whitten, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi), born in Cascilla, Mississippi (d. 1995)

  • 1911 Francis Johnson, English architect, born in Bridlington (d. 1995)
  • 1911 George Huntington Hartford II, American heir (A&P), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Susan Bosence, British textile designer and blockprinter, born in Luton, Bedfordshire (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Henk [Hendrik Johannes] Lankhorst, Dutch politician (PSP), born in Amsterdam (d. 1976)
  • 1915 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1917 Frederica of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece, born in Blankenburg am Harz, Duchy of Brunswick (d. 1981)
  • 1918 Roger de Grey, British landscape painter and President of Royal Academy (1984-93) (d. 1995)
  • 1918 Cliff Hillegass, American publisher (Cliffsnotes), born in Rising City, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Beryl Platt, Baroness Platt of Writtle, British engineer, politician and CEO (Equal Opportunities Comm), born in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex (d. 2015)
  • 1923 Leif Panduro, Danish writer ('k Have varnish on traditions), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1977)
  • 1924 Henry Hyde, American politician (Rep-R-Illinois 1975-2007), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Roy Mason [Baron Mason of Barnsley], British defense secretary and Labour MP, born in Royston, England (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Raf de Linde [Raphael van Hecke], author (Vaarwel on Gertrude), born in Evergem, Belgium
  • 1927 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, 1st Prime Minister of Poland (1989-90), born in Płock, Poland (d. 2013)

Person of interestSamuel P. Huntington

1927 Samuel P. Huntington, American political scientist (The Clash of Civilizations) and presidential adviser, born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)

Political Scientist and Presidential Adviser Samuel P. Huntington
Political Scientist and Presidential Adviser
Samuel P. Huntington
  • 1929 Peter Hordern, British Conservative Party politician
  • 1933 Alan Devereux, British industrialist and CEO (Scottish Tourist Board), born in Frinton-on-Sea, England
  • 1935 Joel Hefley, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado), born in Ardmore, Oklahoma
  • 1937 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2009)
  • 1938 Andreas Liebenberg, South African military commander, born in Upington, Cape Province, South Africa (d. 1998)
  • 1939 Thomas J. Moyer, American judge and Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court (1987-2010), born in Sandusky, Ohio (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Joseph L. Goldstein, American biochemist and physician (Nobel-1985), born in Kingstree, South Carolina
  • 1941 Michael D. Higgins, Irish politician (9th President of Ireland 2011-), born in Limerick, Ireland

Person of interestRobert Hanssen

1944 Robert Hanssen, American FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago, Illinois

FBI Agent and Soviet Spy Robert Hanssen
FBI Agent and Soviet Spy
Robert Hanssen
  • 1945 Margaret Hassan, Irish aid worker in Iraq, born in Dalkey, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • 1946 Harvey Kagan, American muscian (Sir Douglas Quintet)
  • 1947 Kathy Acker, American experimental novelist (Blood and Guts in High School), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1947 Herbert Mullin, American serial killer (killed thirteen people in California in the early 1970s), born in Salinas, California
  • 1950 Bill Sudderth III, American trumpeteer (Atlantic Star-Touch 4 Leaf Clover)
  • 1951 Pierre Pettigrew, Canadian politician (Minister for International Trade), born in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 1955 Amschel Rothschild, British banker (executive chairman of Rothschild Asset Management of the Rothschild banking family of England), born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1961 Pamella Bordes, British parliament escort, former Miss India and photographer, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1964 Niall Ferguson, British historian (Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World, Civilisation: the West and the Rest), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1965 Rob Stenders, Dutch radio discjockey (Stenders Latevermaak & RobRadio), born in Oisterwijk, Netherlands
  • 1969 Sayako Kuroda, Japanese Imperial Shinto priestess and Supreme Priestess of the Ise Grand Shrine who gave up her imperial title for marriage, born in Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • 1970 Saad Hariri, Lebanese-Saudi Prime Minister of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1974 Edgar Wright, British director (A Fistful of Fingers), born in Poole, Dorset, England
  • 1976 Justin Ross, American politician (Member of the Maryland House of Delegates from the 22nd district 2003-12), born in Bowie, Maryland
  • 2007 Princess Haya Bint Al Hamzah, Princess of Jordan, born in Amman, Jordan