Birthdays in History on April 18

Lucrezia BorgiaLucrezia Borgia (1480-1519)

Italian noblewoman, daughter of Pope Alexander VI, born in Subiaco, Lazio, Papal States

  • 1521 François de Coligny d'Andelot, French general (Jarnac) and Ruler of van Andelot, born in Châtillon-sur-Loing, France (d. 1569)
  • 1580 Thomas Middleton, English playwright (A Game at Chess), born in London (d. 1627)
  • 1590 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque, born in Manisa Palace, Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1617)
  • 1732 George Colman the Elder, English dramatist, born in Florence (d. 1794)
  • 1740 Francis Baring, English merchant and banker, born in Larkbeare House, Exeter
  • 1744 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist and patriot (Neder-Rhijn), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1771 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1820)
  • 1803 Charles Ferdinand Pahud, Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (1856-61), born in Amsterdam (d. 1873)
  • 1813 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1817 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), born in London (d. 1878)
  • 1819 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban revolutionary hero, born in Bayamo, Spanish Cuba (d. 1874)
  • 1838 Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist, born in Cognac, France (d. 1912)
  • 1839 Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet (Bell Birds), born in Yatte Yattah, New South Wales (d. 1882)
  • 1842 Antero Tarquínio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice), born in Ponta Delgada, Portugal (d. 1891)
  • 1852 George Clausen, English painter, born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1855 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Jan Steen), born in Amsterdam (d. 1946)
  • 1857 Clarence Darrow, American defense attorney at Scopes Monkey Trial, born in Kinsman, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • 1859 Eduard Cuypers, Dutch architect (Sanatorium High-Laren), born in Roermond, The Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • 1864 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • 1868 Didericus van Epen, Dutch genealogist (Dutch Patriarch), born in Amsterdam (d. 1930)
  • 1872 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi, born in Mauston, Wisconsin (d. 1960)
  • 1874 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), born in Bischofswerda, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1875 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), born in Ogulin, Croatian Military Frontier, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1877 Vicente Sotto, Filipino politician and author (Sotto Law, Republic Act No. 53), born in Cebu City, Spanish Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, born in Białystok, Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1888 Arnold Lunn, British skier (created the modern Alpine slalom race), born in Madras, India (d. 1974)
  • 1889 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)
  • 1896 Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse), born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1982)
  • 1897 Ardito Desio, Italian explorer and topographer, born in Palmanova, Friuli, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1898 Charles Leatherland, Baron Leatherland, British journalist and Labour Party politician, born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Giuseppe Pella, 31st Prime Minister of Italy, born in Valdengo, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1905 George H. Hitchings, American scientist (Nobel laureate 1988), born in Hoquiam, Washington (d. 1998)
  • 1906 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1907 Stephen Longstreet, American writer (All or Nothing), born in New York (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Jamie Whitten, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi), born in Cascilla, Mississippi (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Francis Johnson, British architect (country homes, churches, historic restorations), born in Bridlington, England (d. 1995)
  • 1911 George Huntington Hartford II, American heir (A&P), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Susan Bosence, British textile designer and blockprinter, born in Luton, Bedfordshire (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Henk [Hendrik Johannes] Lankhorst, Dutch politician (PSP), born in Amsterdam (d. 1976)
  • 1915 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1917 Frederica of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece, born in Blankenburg am Harz, Duchy of Brunswick (d. 1981)
  • 1918 Cliff Hillegass, American publisher (Cliffsnotes), born in Rising City, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Roger de Grey, British landscape painter and President of Royal Academy (1984-93) (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Beryl Platt, Baroness Platt of Writtle, British engineer, politician and CEO (Equal Opportunities Comm), born in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex (d. 2015)
  • 1923 Leif Panduro, Danish writer ('k Have varnish on traditions), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1977)
  • 1924 Henry Hyde, American politician (Rep-R-Illinois 1975-2007), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Raf de Linde [Raphael van Hecke], author (Vaarwel on Gertrude), born in Evergem, Belgium
  • 1924 Roy Mason [Baron Mason of Barnsley], British defense secretary and Labour MP, born in Royston, England (d. 2015)

Samuel P. HuntingtonSamuel P. Huntington (1927-2008)

American political scientist (The Clash of Civilizations) and presidential adviser, born in NYC, New York

  • 1927 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, 1st Prime Minister of Poland (1989-90), born in Płock, Poland (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Howard S. Becker, American sociologist, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1929 Peter Hordern, British Conservative Party politician
  • 1933 Alan Devereux, British industrialist and CEO (Scottish Tourist Board), born in Frinton-on-Sea, England
  • 1935 Joel Hefley, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado), born in Ardmore, Oklahoma
  • 1937 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2009)
  • 1938 Andreas Liebenberg, South African military commander, born in Upington, Cape Province, South Africa (d. 1998)
  • 1939 Thomas J. Moyer, American judge and Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court (1987-2010), born in Sandusky, Ohio (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Joseph L. Goldstein, American biochemist and physician (Nobel-1985), born in Kingstree, South Carolina
  • 1941 Michael D. Higgins, Irish politician (9th President of Ireland 2011-), born in Limerick, Ireland

Robert HanssenRobert Hanssen (78 years old)

1944 American FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1945 Margaret Hassan, Irish aid worker in Iraq, born in Dalkey, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • 1946 Harvey Kagan, American muscian (Sir Douglas Quintet)
  • 1947 Herbert Mullin, American serial killer (killed thirteen people in California in the early 1970s), born in Salinas, California
  • 1947 Kathy Acker, American experimental novelist (Blood and Guts in High School), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1951 Pierre Pettigrew, Canadian politician (Minister for International Trade), born in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 1955 Amschel Rothschild, British banker (executive chairman of Rothschild Asset Management of the Rothschild banking family of England), born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1961 Pamella Bordes, British parliament escort, former Miss India and photographer, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1964 Niall Ferguson, British historian (Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World, Civilisation: the West and the Rest), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1965 Rob Stenders, Dutch radio discjockey (Stenders Latevermaak & RobRadio), born in Oisterwijk, Netherlands
  • 1969 Sayako Kuroda, Japanese Imperial Shinto priestess and Supreme Priestess of the Ise Grand Shrine who gave up her imperial title for marriage, born in Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • 1970 Saad Hariri, Lebanese-Saudi Prime Minister of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1974 Edgar Wright, British director (A Fistful of Fingers), born in Poole, Dorset, England
  • 1976 Justin Ross, American politician (Member of the Maryland House of Delegates from the 22nd district 2003-12), born in Bowie, Maryland
  • 2007 Princess Haya Bint Al Hamzah, Princess of Jordan, born in Amman, Jordan