On This Day

Birthdays in History on April 19

  • 1501 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, born in Annaberg, Saxony (d. 1559)
  • 1603 Michel le Tellier, French statesman, born in Paris (d. 1685)
  • 1658 Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (1690-1716), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1716)
  • 1665 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer, born in Paris (d. 1721)
  • 1686 Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman, born in Pskov, Russia (d. 1750)

Person of interestRoger Sherman

1721 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence, Constitution), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • 1728 Francisco Albergati Capacelli, Italian writer and playwright, born in Bologna (d. 1804)
  • 1737 Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder and inoculation propagandist, born in Bedum, Netherlands (d. 1815)
  • 1768 Adrian Hardy Haworth, English entomologist and botanist, born in Hull, England (d. 1833)
  • 1772 David Ricardo, English economist (On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation), born in London (d. 1823)
  • 1787 Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary, born in Dutchess County, New York (d. 1837)
  • 1793 Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria (1835-48), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1875)
  • 1795 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, German naturalist and zoologist (micro-organisms), born in Delitzsch, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1798 Heinrich Maria von Hess, German historical painter, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1801 Gustav Fechner, German philosopher and physicist (Weber–Fechner law), born in Żarki Wielkie, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1814 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), born in Marseille, France (d. 1875)

  • 1817 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1821 Mortimer Dormer Leggett, American Major General (Union Army), born in Ithaca, New York (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Karl Josef Rudolph Cornely, German Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Breyell, Germany (d. 1908)
  • 1832 José Echegaray, Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1904), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1832 Lucretia Garfield, First Lady of the United States as the wife of James A. Garfield (1881), born in Garrettsville, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1850 Edward John Gregory, British painter and engraver, born in Southampton, England (d. 1909)
  • 1857 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French scholar and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1939)
  • 1861 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, born in Beselare, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • 1866 Henri Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), born in Amsterdam (d. 1939)
  • 1874 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium (d. 1943)
  • 1874 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss-German psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • 1876 Hendrik Vladimir Albrecht Ernst, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of the Netherlands (1901-34), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1877 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), born in Gjøvik, Norway (d. 1934)
  • 1879 Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz), born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1964)

Person of interestGetulio Vargas

1883 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian Empire (d. 1954)

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1883 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
  • 1889 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), born in Wurzen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1890 Lou Bandy [Lodewijk Ferdinand Dieben], Dutch revue-artist (Look for the Sun), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • 1891 Ricardo Bacchelli, Italian playwright and poet (La Ronda), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1985)
  • 1895 Anton Pieck, Dutch illustrator (Efteling, Kaatsheuvel), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1987)

  • 1897 Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist, born in India (d. 1970)
  • 1898 Sybil Andrews, English-Canadian painter, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), born in Weybridge, Surrey (d. 1976)
  • 1900 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), born in Lacombe, Alberta, Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1903 Eliot Ness, US Federal agent "The Untouchables" (put away Al Capone), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1957)
  • 1905 John Thach, American WWII Naval aviator (developed the Thach Weave) and USN admiral, born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas (d. 1981)
  • 1910 Andrew Gilchrist, British ambassador (Ireland, Indonesia, Iceland), born in Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951), born in Ishpeming, Michigan (d. 1999)
  • 1912 William Murray, British teacher and educationalist, born in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Andrew Wilkinson, British pediatrician and the first Professor of Paediatric Surgery in the UK, born in Taunton, England (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Glyn England, British electrical engineer and CEO (CEGB, Windcluster Ltd), born in Llantrisant, Cardiff, South Wales (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircraft), born in Weissach, Württemberg, Weimar Republic (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Luigi Barbarito, Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Atripalda, Italy (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Kim Bok-dong, Korean sex slave activist, born in Yangsan, Korea (d. 2019)
  • 1928 John Horlock, British vice-chancellor (Open College), born in Edmonton, Middlesex (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Denis Henry, British High Court judge, born in Margate, Kent, England (d. 2010)
  • 1931 Kobie Coetsee, South African Minister of Defense (1993-94) and Minister of Justice (1980-93), born in Ladybrand, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1931 Walter Stewart, Canadian writer and journalist, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2004)
  • 1936 Wilfried Martens, 44th Prime Minister of Belgium (1979-81, 1981-92), Sleidinge, Belgium (d. 2013)
  • 1939 Clay Shaw, American politician (Rep-R-FL, 1981-2007), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2013)

Person of interestAli Hosseini Khamenei

1939 Ali Khamenei [Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei], 2nd Supreme Leader of Iran (1989-) and the 3rd President of Iran (1981-89), born in Mashhad, Khorasan, Iran

2nd Supreme Leader of Iran Ali Hosseini Khamenei
2nd Supreme Leader of Iran
Ali Hosseini Khamenei
  • 1941 Michel Roux, French chef and restaurateur (opened Le Gavroche, 1st three Michelin starred restaurant in Britain), born in Charolles, Saône-et-Loire, Vichy France
  • 1942 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist and photographer, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (disappeared in 1975).
  • 1942 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur (founder, CEO, and co-owner of Roush Fenway Racing), born in Covington, Kentucky
  • 1944 James Heckman, American economist (Nobel Prize 2000), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946 Leon Wessels, South African lawyer and Minister of Local Government, born in Kroonstad, South Africa
  • 1947 Frits Castricum, Dutch journalist and politician (PvdA), born in Boxtel, Netherlands (d. 2011)
  • 1949 Larry Walters, American "lawn chair" pilot, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1993)
  • 1951 Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (2004-08), born in Tvøroyri, Suðuroy
  • 1957 Mukesh Ambani, Indian businessman and chairman of Reliance Industries, born in Aden, Yemen
  • 1967 Steven H. Silver, American sci-fi editor, born in Hinsdale, Illinois
  • 1968 Mswati III [Prince Makhosetive], King of Swaziland (1986- ), born in Manzini, Swaziland
  • 1978 Amanda Sage, American visionary artist, born in Denver, Colorado