Birthdays in History on April 2

Person of interestCharlemagne

742 Charlemagne, 1st Holy Roman emperor (800-14), born in Liège, Frankish Kingdom (d. 814)

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1565 Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), born in Gouda, Holland (d. 1599)
  • 1602 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, born in Agreda, Spain (d. 1665)
  • 1618 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), born in Bologna (d. 1663)
  • 1653 Prince George of Denmark, Prince Consort of Anne of England, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1708)
  • 1713 Onno Zwier van Haren, Frisian poet (Fatherland), born in St. Annaparochie, Netherlands (d. 1779)

Person of interestGiacomo Casanova

1725 Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer, adventurer and famous lover, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1798)

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1740 Armand-Gaston Camus, French Chairman of Council of 500), born in Paris (d. 1804)
  • 1781 Bhagwan Swaminarayan, Indian yogi and religious leader, born in Chhapaiya, Uttar Pradesh, India (d. 1830)
  • 1788 Francisco Balagtas, Filipino poet (Florante at Laura), born in Barrio Panginay, Balagtas, Bulacan (d. 1862)
  • 1798 August Heinrich Hoffmann, German writer, born in Fallersleben, Electorate of Brunswick -Lüneburg (d. 1874)

Person of interestHans Christian Andersen

1805 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1875)

  • 1806 Giacomo Antonelli, Italian cardinal and assistant secretary of state of Pius IX, born in Sonnino, Italy (d. 1876)
  • 1814 Henry L. Benning, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia County, Georgia (d. 1975)
  • 1814 Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor of weaving machine, born in West Boylston, Massachusetts (d. 1879)
  • 1826 Philip Dale Roddey, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Moulton, Alabama (d. 1897)

  • 1827 William Holman Hunt, English painter (Light of the World), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1910)
  • 1833 Thomas Howard Ruger, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, New York (d. 1907)
  • 1840 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)
  • 1862 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1925)

Person of interestWalter Chrysler

1875 Walter Chrysler, American founder of car company Chrysler, born in Wamego, Kansas (d. 1940)

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • 1878 Émilie Charmy, French avant-garde artist, born in Saint-Etienne, France (d. 1974)
  • 1884 Sir J. C. Squire, British poet, writer, and historian, born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 1958)
  • 1891 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), born in Brühl, German Empire (d. 1976)
  • 1894 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, born in Appingedam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1894 Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air), born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1937)
  • 1900 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • 1902 Jan Tschichold, German typographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1903 Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (Canadian Member of Parliament), born in Cornwall, Ontario (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Edmond Jouhaud, French general, born in Aïn Boucefar, French Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1905 Kurt Alfred Adler, therapist/writer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Irene Mayer Selznick, American socialite and theatrical producer (Street Car Named Desire), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1910 Joeri German, Russian writer
  • 1910 Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer, born in Cabano, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1915 Antony Dornhorst, British physician and Professor of Medicine, born in Woodford, Essex, England (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Arthur Ballard, artist
  • 1919 Antoon Hubben, Dutch Mayor of Maasbree and trade union leader, born in Nieuwenhagen, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Nicolay G. Basov, Soviet physicist who specialized in quantum electronics (laser, maser) and 1964 Nobel laureate, born in Usman, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Hugh Overton, British diplomat
  • 1923 Jacob "Jaap" Firet, Dutch theologist (Agogisch Moment)

  • 1923 Clifford Scott Green, American Federal Judge, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Denis Rooke, British engineer and CEO (British Gas), born in New Cross, London (d. 2008)
  • 1925 George MacDonald Fraser, British poet and author (Flashman at the Charge), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Michael Rizzello, sculpter and coin designer, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1928 Joseph Bernardin, American Cardinal of the Catholic Church, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1996)
  • 1929 Catherine Gaskin, Irish-Australian romantic novelist (Fiona, Coporation Wife), born in Dundalk Bay, County Louth, Ireland (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Frans Andriessen, Dutch politician (KVP/CDA), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1930 William Smith, 4th Viscount Hambleden, English newspaper magnate (d. 2012)
  • 1934 Christopher France, British permanent secretary (Department of Health) (d. 2014)
  • 1934 Peter Middleton, British permanent secretary (Treasury)
  • 1934 Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (Cohen forcing, Continuum hypothesis), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 2007)
  • 1937 Paul Kanjorski, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, born in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania
  • 1938 John Larsson, Swedish writer and 17th General of The Salvation Army, born in Sweden
  • 1939 Lise Thibault, 27th Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec, born in Saint-Roch-de-l'Achigan, Quebec
  • 1940 Peter Haining, British writer and editor (Anatomy of Witchcraft), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major, born in Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex, England
  • 1942 Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef who specializes in French cuisine (Iron Chef), born in Izumi, Kagoshima, Japan
  • 1945 Roger Bootle-Wilbraham, 7th Baron Skelmersdale, British politician
  • 1945 Anne Waldman, American poet, born in Millville, New Jersey
  • 1946 Lynda Carr, educationist
  • 1947 Camille Paglia, American author and social critic, born in Endicott, New York
  • 1948 Margaret Burbidge, British-American astronomer and educator, born in Davenport, England
  • 1948 Joan D. Vinge, American sci-fi author (2 Hugos, Dune), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Paul Gambaccini, American-British disc jockey, born in Bronx, New York
  • 1951 Moriteru Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist, born in Tokyo
  • 1953 Jim Allister, Northern Irish politician, born in Listooder, Crossgar, Northern Ireland
  • 1955 Michael Stone, British terrorist (Ulster Defence Association), born in Harborne, Birmingham
  • 1962 Pierre Carles, French documentarist
  • 1962 Mark Shulman, American children's author (Scrawl), born in Rochester, New York

Person of interestRodney King

1965 Rodney King, African American motorist beaten by LA cops, born in Sacramento, California (d. 2012)

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King
  • 1971 ZEEBRA [Hideyuki Yokoi], Japanese hip hop artist, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1976 Evan McMullin, American independent candidate for President (2016), born in Provo, Utah
  • 1980 Adam Fleming, English news reporter (Daily Politics), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1983 Martin Shkreli, American businessman (Pharma), former hedge fund manager, and convicted felon born in Brooklyn, New York