Birthdays in History on April 2

CharlemagneCharlemagne (742-814 AD)

1st Holy Roman emperor (800-14), born in Liège, Frankish Kingdom

Cornelis de HoutmanCornelis de Houtman (1565-1599)

Dutch Navigator (1st Dutch expedition to Java), born in Gouda, Holland

  • 1602 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, born in Agreda, Spain (d. 1665)
  • 1618 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1663)
  • 1653 Prince George of Denmark, Prince Consort of Anne of England, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1708)
  • 1713 Onno Zwier van Haren, Frisian poet (Fatherland), born in St. Annaparochie, Netherlands (d. 1779)

Giacomo CasanovaGiacomo Casanova (1725-1798)

Italian writer, adventurer and famous lover, born in Venice, Italy

  • 1740 Armand-Gaston Camus, French revolutionary and Chairman of the Council of 500, born in Paris (d. 1804)
  • 1781 Bhagwan Swaminarayan, Indian yogi and religious leader, born in Chhapaiya, Uttar Pradesh, India (d. 1830)
  • 1788 Francisco Balagtas, Filipino poet (Florante at Laura), born in Barrio Panginay, Balagtas, Bulacan (d. 1862)
  • 1798 August Heinrich Hoffmann, German writer, born in Fallersleben, Electorate of Brunswick -Lüneburg (d. 1874)

Hans Christian AndersenHans Christian Andersen (1805-1875)

Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), born in Odense, Denmark

  • 1806 Giacomo Antonelli, Italian cardinal and assistant secretary of state of Pius IX, born in Sonnino, Italy (d. 1876)
  • 1814 Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor of weaving machine, born in West Boylston, Massachusetts (d. 1879)
  • 1814 Henry L. Benning, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia County, Georgia (d. 1875)
  • 1826 Philip Dale Roddey, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Moulton, Alabama (d. 1897)
  • 1827 William Holman Hunt, English painter (Light of the World), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1910)
  • 1833 Thomas Howard Ruger, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, New York (d. 1907)
  • 1840 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse - I Accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)
  • 1862 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1868 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1914)
  • 1878 Émilie Charmy, French avant-garde artist, born in Saint-Etienne, France (d. 1974)
  • 1884 Sir J. C. Squire, British poet, writer, and historian, born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 1958)
  • 1891 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), born in Brühl, German Empire (d. 1976)
  • 1894 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, born in Appingedam, Netherlands (d. 1980)

Walter MittelholzerWalter Mittelholzer (1894-1937)

Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air) and aerial photographer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland [1]

  • 1900 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • 1902 Jan Tschichold, German typographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1903 Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (Canadian Member of Parliament), born in Cornwall, Ontario (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Edmond Jouhaud, French general, born in Aïn Boucefar, French Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1905 Kurt Alfred Adler, therapist/writer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Irene Mayer Selznick, American socialite and theatrical producer (Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1910 Joeri German, Russian writer
  • 1910 Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer, born in Cabano, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1915 Antony Dornhorst, British physician and Professor of Medicine, born in Woodford, Essex, England (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Arthur Ballard, English artist, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1994)
  • 1918 Charles White, American artist (The Contribution of the Negro to American Democracy), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1979)
  • 1919 Antoon Hubben, Dutch Mayor of Maasbree and trade union leader, born in Nieuwenhagen, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Nicolay G. Basov, Soviet physicist who specialized in quantum electronics (laser, maser) and 1964 Nobel laureate, born in Usman, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Clifford Scott Green, American Federal Judge, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Hugh Overton, British diplomat
  • 1923 Jacob "Jaap" Firet, Dutch theologist (Agogisch Moment)
  • 1924 Denis Rooke, British engineer and CEO (British Gas), born in New Cross, London (d. 2008)
  • 1925 George MacDonald Fraser, British poet and author (Flashman at the Charge), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Michael Rizzello, English sculptor and coin designer, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1928 Joseph Bernardin, American Cardinal of the Catholic Church, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1996)
  • 1929 Catherine Gaskin, Irish-Australian romantic novelist (Fiona, Coporation Wife), born in Dundalk Bay, County Louth, Ireland (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Frans Andriessen, Dutch politician (KVP/CDA; European Commissioner, 1981-93), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2019)
  • 1934 Christopher France, British permanent secretary (Department of Health) (d. 2014)
  • 1934 Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (Cohen forcing, Continuum hypothesis), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 2007)
  • 1934 Peter Middleton, British permanent secretary (Treasury)
  • 1937 Paul Kanjorski, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, born in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania
  • 1938 John Larsson, Swedish writer and 17th General of The Salvation Army, born in Sweden
  • 1939 Lise Thibault, 27th Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec, born in Saint-Roch-de-l'Achigan, Quebec
  • 1940 Peter Haining, British writer and editor (Anatomy of Witchcraft), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major, born in Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex, England
  • 1942 Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef who specializes in French cuisine (Iron Chef), born in Izumi, Kagoshima, Japan
  • 1945 Anne Waldman, American poet, born in Millville, New Jersey
  • 1945 Roger Bootle-Wilbraham, 7th Baron Skelmersdale, British politician
  • 1946 Lynda Carr, educationist
  • 1947 Camille Paglia, American author and social critic, born in Endicott, New York
  • 1948 Joan D. Vinge, American sci-fi author (2 Hugos, Dune), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Paul Gambaccini, American-British disc jockey, born in Bronx, New York
  • 1951 Moriteru Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist, born in Tokyo
  • 1953 Jim Allister, Northern Irish politician, born in Listooder, Crossgar, Northern Ireland
  • 1955 Michael Stone, British terrorist (Ulster Defence Association), born in Harborne, Birmingham
  • 1962 Mark Shulman, American children's author (Scrawl), born in Rochester, New York
  • 1962 Pierre Carles, French documentarist

Rodney KingRodney King (1965-2012)

African American motorist beaten by Los Angeles police officers, born in Sacramento, California

  • 1971 ZEEBRA [Hideyuki Yokoi], Japanese hip hop artist, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1975 Shawn Rhoden, Jamaican bodybuilder (Mr. Olympia 2018), born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 2021)
  • 1976 Evan McMullin, American independent candidate for President (2016), born in Provo, Utah
  • 1980 Adam Fleming, English news reporter (Daily Politics), born in Glasgow, Scotland