Birthdays in History on April 20

  • 702 Jafar al-Sadiq, Muslim scholar and scientist, born in Medina, Umayyad Empire (d. 765)
  • 1494 John Agricola [Schneider], German theologian, a friend of Martin Luther, born in Eisleben, Germany (d.1566)
  • 1586 Saint Rose of Lima [Isabel Flores de Olivia], Peruvian saint, a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, born in Lima, Peru (d. 1617)
  • 1633 Emperor Go-Kōmyō, 110th emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1654)
  • 1646 Charles Plumier, French botanist (Frangipani genus Plumeria is named after him), born in Marseille, France (d. 1704)
  • 1650 William Bedloe, English fraudster and Popish Plot informer, born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire (d. 1680)
  • 1668 Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)
  • 1718 David Brainerd, American missionary to the Native Americans, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1747)
  • 1723 Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Edenton, Chowan County, North Carolina (d. 1781)
  • 1726 Jozef de Ferraris, French-Austrian general and cartographer, born in Lunéville, France (d. 1814)
  • 1745 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), born in Jonquières, France (d. 1826)
  • 1808 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris (d. 1873)
  • 1809 John S. Preston, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Abingdon, Virginia (d. 1881)
  • 1818 Heinrich Göbel, German-born mechanic and inventor, born in Springe, Germany (d. 1893)
  • 1824 Alfred H. Colquitt, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Monroe, Georgia (d. 1894)
  • 1826 Dinah Craik, English writer (John Halifax, Gentleman), born in Stoke-on-Trent (d. 1887)

  • 1827 John Gibbon, American Major General (Union Army), born in Holmesburg, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1896)
  • 1839 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1840 Odilon Redon [Bertrand-Jean Redon], French symbolist painter, born in Bordeaux (d. 1916)
  • 1850 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1931)
  • 1857 Charles Louis Philippe Zilcken, Dutch painter and author (HW Knife Day), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1857 Hermann Bang, Danish writer, born in Asserballe, Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1860 Charles Gordon Curtis, American inventor (Curtis-steam turbine), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1953)
  • 1860 Pieter Jelles Troelstra, Dutch politician (SDAP), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1870 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar, Father of Modern Urdu, born in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh (d. 1961)
  • 1879 Robert Lynd, Irish writer and critic (Pleasures of Ignorance), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1949)
  • 1879 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • 1882 Holland Smith, American General in the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Seale, Alabama (d. 1967)
  • 1884 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1966)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

1889 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1889 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • 1890 Maurice Duplessis, 16th Premier of Quebec, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada (d. 1959)
  • 1893 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, born in Boskovice (d. 1929)
  • 1893 Edna Parker, American supercentenarian, the oldest person in the world following the death of Yone Minagawa of Japan on August 13, 2007, born in Morgan County, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • 1893 Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1894 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • 1896 Wop May, Canadian aviator, flying ace in the WWI, born in Carberry, Manitoba (d. 1952)
  • 1900 Kees Verwey, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1995)
  • 1901 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist, born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • 1904 George Stibitz, American mathematician and scientist, born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Wilhelmus Marinus Bekkers, Dutch Roman Catholic bishop of Hertogenbosch, born in Sint-Oedenrode, Netherlands (d. 1966)

  • 1910 Robert F. Wagner Jr., Mayor of New York City (Democrat: 1954-65), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Kukrit Pramoj, Thai politician (13th Prime Minister of Thailand) and scholar, born in In Buri, Singburi, Siam (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Ed Jones, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee, born in Yorkville, Tennessee (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Frederick Craig Riddle, British violist, born in Liverpool (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Soewarsih Djojopoespito, Indonesian writer (Toe the Line), born in Bogor, Indonesia (d. 1977)
  • 1915 Joseph Wolpe, South African psychotherapist, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (The Last Enemy), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1943)
  • 1920 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1920 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Donald Gunn MacRae, sociologist, born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Paul Van Buren, American theologist (Theological Explorations), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1926 Harriet Elizabeth Byrd, American politician, Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives (1998-88), born in Cheyenne, Wyoming (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Karl Alexander Müller, Swiss superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987), born in Basel. Switzerland
  • 1928 Gerald S. Hawkins, English-American astronomer (archaeoastronomy), born in Great Yarmouth, England (d. 2003)
  • 1929 Bob Braun, American TV and radio personality (Dotty Mack Show), born in Ludlow, Kentucky (d. 2001)
  • 1931 Lee H. Hamilton, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, born in Daytona Beach, Florida
  • 1934 Lindsay Oliver John Boynton, furniture historian (d. 1995)
  • 1934 Robert G Wilmers, American banker ( M&T Bank ), billionaire and philanthropist, born in New York (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Pat Roberts, US Senator (Rep-R-KS, 1981-1997), born in Topeka, Kansas
  • 1936 Pauli Ellefsen, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (1981-85), born in Miðvágur, Vágar, Faroe Islands (d. 2012)
  • 1939 Gro Harlem Brundtland, Norwegian Prime Minister (1981-82, 1986-89, 1990-96) and Director-General of the World Health Organisation, born in Bærum, Norway
  • 1940 Jan Cremer, Dutch writer (I, John Cremer), born in Enschede, Netherlands
  • 1941 Joni Evans, American publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Ian Watson, British sci-fi author (Book of Being, Whores of Babylon), born in North Shields, England
  • 1947 Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author (The Best Little Boy in the World), born in NYC, New York
  • 1948 Rémy Trudel, French Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Thècle, Quebec, Canada
  • 1950 Itumeleng J. Mosala, South African president (Azanian People's Org)
  • 1950 Steve Erickson, American novelist (American Nomad), born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1950 Nara Chandrababu Naidu, Indian politician, born in Naravaripalli, India
  • 1952 Tamara Sergeyevna Zakharova, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1953 Sebastian Faulks, British novelist (The Girl at the Lion d'Or), born in Donnington, Berkshire
  • 1955 Donald Pettit, American chemical engineer and NASA astronaut, born in Silverton, Oregon
  • 1956 Beatrice Ask, Swedish politician (Moderate Party), born in Sveg, Sweden
  • 1960 Miguel Díaz-Canel, Cuban politician, President of Cuba (2018-), born in Placetas, Cuba
  • 1963 Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist, born in London
  • 1965 Kostas Hatzidakis, Greek politician (New Democracy Party), born in Rethymno, Greece
  • 1965 Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver and co-owner of the Fernandez Racing team, born in Mexico City
  • 1966 David Chalmers, Australian philosopher and cognitive scientist, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1970 Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer, born in Quintana, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1973 Geoff Lloyd, British radio presenter (Geoff Lloyd with Annabel Port), born in Withington, Lancashire, England
  • 1973 Isabel Dos Santos, Angolan businesswoman, daughter of ex-President José Eduardo dos Santos, Africa's richest woman, born in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR
  • 1978 Mirei Kuroda, Japanese gravure idol, born in Saitama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1984 Tyson Griffin, American professional mixed martial artist, born in Sacramento, California