Birthdays in History on April 21

  • April
  • 1488 Ulrich von Hutten, German scholar and poet, born in Schlüchtern, Hesse
  • 1555 Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1619)
  • 1619 Jan van Riebeeck, Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Colony (Cape Town), born in Culemborg (d. 1677)
  • 1651 Joseph Vaz, Oratorian priest and missionary in Ceylon, born in Benaulim, Goa, Portuguese India (d. 1711)
  • 1652 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (Rolle's theorem), born in Ambert, Basse-Auvergne (d. 1719)
  • 1671 John Law, Scottish economist and author (Money and Trade Considered), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1729)
  • 1673 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1742)
  • 1713 Louis de Noailles, Marshal of France, born in Versailles, France (d. 1793)
  • 1774 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • 1775 Alexander Anderson, American engraver and illustrator (Shakespeare), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • 1795 Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint (founder of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate), born in Rome (d. 1850)
  • 1803 Levin Minn Powell, American Commander (Union Navy), born in Winchester, Winchester City, Virginia (d. 1885)
  • 1806 Peter van Schendel, Dutch-Belgian painter (Monsieur Chandelle), born in Terheijden, Netherlands (d. 1870)
  • 1809 Robert M. T. Hunter, American lawyer and politician (2nd Confederate States Secretary of State), born in Loretto, Virginia (d. 1887)
  • 1810 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), born in Bradford, Vermont (d. 1864)
  • 1811 Alson Sherman, American politician (8th Mayor of Chicago 1844-45), born in Barre, Vermont (d. 1903)

  • 1814 Angela Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist extrordinaire and "the richest heiress in England", born in London (d. 1906)

Person of interestCharlotte Brontë

1816 Charlotte Brontë,English novelist (Jane Eyre), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire

  • 1816 Louis Wigfall, American politician (Confederate States Senator from Texas 1862-85), born in Edgefield, South Carolina (d. 1974)
  • 1828 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher and historian (Voyage in Italy), born in Vouziers, Ardennes, France (d. 1893)
  • 1834 William Rufus Terrill, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Covington City, Virginia (d. 1862)
  • 1837 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), born in Næstved, Denmark (d. 1922)

Person of interestJohn Muir

1838 John Muir, Scottish naturalist and discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar (d. 1914)

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • 1849 Oskar Hertwig, German embryologist (discovered fertilization), born in Friedberg, Germany (d. 1922)
  • 1851 Charles Barrois, French geologist and palaeontologist, born in Lille, France (d. 1939)
  • 1854 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, born in Minervino Murge, Apulia (d. 1918)
  • 1854 William Stang, German Roman Catholic Bishop, born in Bad Schönborn, Germany (d. 1907)
  • 1864 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • 1868 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Common lot), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1872 Billy Bitzer, American cinematography pioneer, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1944)
  • 1878 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, born in Sankt Ingbert, Germany (d. 1915)
  • 1879 Kartini, Indonesian national heroine, born in Jepara, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1904)
  • 1881 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter and caricaturist (Rocks of Oran), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1953)
  • 1882 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist (Nobel 1946 - physics of high pressure), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • 1889 Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1937), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Henry de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Ben Stroman, Dutch writer (Jomtof & Blue Beard), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • 1903 Hans Hedtoft, 14th Prime Minister of Denmark (1947-50, 53-55), born in Århus, Denmark (d. 1955)
  • 1904 Gijs van Hall, Dutch politician and Mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), born in Amsterdam (d. 1977)
  • 1905 Edmund Gerald "Pat" Brown, American politician and Governor of California (D: 1959-67), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)

  • 1909 Rollo May, American psychologist (Love & Will), born in Ada, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Ivan Combe, American inventor of personal care products (Clearasil), born in Fremont, Iowa (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Eve Arnold, photojournalist (Marilyn Monroe) (d. 2012), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1913 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • 1913 Kai-Uwe von Hassel, German politician
  • 1913 Norman Parkinson, English fashion photographer (Harper's Bazaar), born in London (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Frick, [W Groebli], Swiss clown, Frick & Frack)
  • 1917 Emanuel Vardi, Jerusalem Israel, violist, SD Symph 1978-82)
  • 1918 Edward Stanley, 18th earl of Derby, English landowner and multi-millionaire (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Franc [Franklin E] Essed, Suriname agricultural eng, Oper Grasshopper)
  • 1923 John Mortimer, English barrister and writer
  • 1924 Daniel Melnick, American producer, Get Smart), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestElizabeth II

1926 Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, 1952- ), born in London, England

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1927 Robert Brustein, American dean, Yale School of Drama), born in NYC, New York
  • 1930 Don Tyson, founder, Tyson Foods)
  • 1935 Thomas Kean, American politician
  • 1936 James Dobson, American evangelist
  • 1937 Charles Lee Herron, Ky, FBI most wanted fugitive (Jan 1 1986)
  • 1939 Helen Prejean, American writer
  • 1940 Souleymane Cisse, director (Waati, Yeelen, Finye, Baara)
  • 1941 David Lyle Boren, American politician, Governor and Senator from Oklahoma, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1947 Alan Warner, rocker (Foundations)
  • 1948 Gary A Condit, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1948 Lord Egremont, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1951 Aleksandr Ivanovich Laveykin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-2)
  • 1951 Tony Danza, (Tony Banta-Taxi, Tony Micelli-Who's the Boss), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1951 Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
  • 1956 Phillip Longman, American demographer
  • 1958 Michael Zarnock, American author and columnist
  • 1958 Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
  • 1959 Tim Jacobus, American artist (Goosebumps)
  • 1962 Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin, Russian major/cosmonaut
  • 1965 Fiona Kelleghan, American academic and critic
  • 1969 Robin Meade, American reporter
  • 1971 Alexander Kravchenko, Russian professional poker player
  • 1971 Hasan Akbar, American convicted murderer
  • 2007 Princess Isabella of Denmark