Birthdays in History on April 22

  • April
  • 570 Muhammad, Arabic prophet and founder of Islam (Quran), born in Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia (d. 632 AD) (approximate dates)
  • 1451 Isabella I, of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Christopher Columbus, who initiated the Spanish Inquisition with husband Ferdinand II of Aragon, born in Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain (d. 1504)
  • 1610 Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1691)
  • 1640 Mariana Alcoforado, Portuguese nun, born in Beja, Portugal (d. 1723)
  • 1682 Willem Ignatius Kerricx, Flemish architect, sculptor and painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1745)
  • 1690 John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville (C), English chief minister (1722-42), born in Westminster, Middlesex, England (d. 1763)
  • 1707 Henry Fielding, English novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones), born in Sharpham, Somerset, England (d. 1754)
  • 1711 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1779)

Person of interestImmanuel Kant

1724 Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason), born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1804)

Philosopher Immanuel Kant
Philosopher
Immanuel Kant
  • 1744 James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (1807-08), born in Berwick, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1808)
  • 1766 Madame de Staël [Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein], French-Swiss author (De l’Allemagne), born in Paris (d. 1817)
  • 1773 Jean Victor de Constant Rebecque, Swiss-Dutch army leader, born in Genève, Republic of Geneva (d. 1850)
  • 1775 Georg Hermes, German philosopher and theologist (Hermenianen), born in Dreierwalde, Münster (d. 1831)
  • 1799 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1812 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1894)
  • 1816 Philip James Bailey, English poet (Festus), born in Nottingham, England (d. 1902)

  • 1816 Charles-Denis Bourbaki, French general, born in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France (d. 1897)
  • 1818 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • 1823 Alfred Gibbs, American Major General (Union Army), born in Long Island, New York (d. 1868)
  • 1827 William Hopkins Morris, American author, editor, inventor, and Major General (Union Army), born in (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Alexander McDowell McCook, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbiana County, Ohio (d. 1903)
  • 1832 Julius Sterling Morton, American politician (3rd U.S. Secretary of Agriculture) and founder of Arbor Day, born in Adams, New York (d. 1902)
  • 1839 August W. Eichler, German botanist (developed a new system of classification of plants to reflect the concept of evolution), born in Neukirchen, Hesse (d. 1997)
  • 1844 Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward, born in Randolph County, Alabama (d. 1865)
  • 1852 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1905-12), born in Biebrich Palace, Wiesbaden, Duchy of Nassau (d. 1912)
  • 1853 Alphonse Bertillon, French police officer and anthropologist (devised crime ID system), born in Paris (d. 1914)
  • 1854 Henri La Fontaine, Belgian international lawyer (Nobel 1913), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1943)
  • 1863 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1864 Phil May, English cartoonist, born in Wortley, Leeds (d. 1903)
  • 1866 Hans von Seeckt, German general and advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, born in Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig, German Confederation (d. 1936)
  • 1868 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, 4th and last child of Franz Joseph I of Austria and Elisabeth of Bavaria, born in Ofen (Buda), Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Person of interestVladimir Lenin

1870 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1872 Princess Margaret of Prussia, Queen consort-elect of Finland, born in New Palace, Potsdam, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)
  • 1873 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, American novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1945)
  • 1878 Kitty Gordon, English entertainer, born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1974)
  • 1881 Alexander Kerensky, Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government (1917), born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • 1889 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, born in Odenkirchen, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1891 Harold Jeffreys, English mathematician (Theory of Probability) and geophysicist, born in County Durham, England (d. 1989)
  • 1891 Vittorio Jano, Italian automobile designer, born in San Giorgio Canavese, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1965)
  • 1891 Ferdinando Nicola Sacco, Italian anarchist (Sacco and Vanzetti Trial), born in Torremaggiore, Italy (d. 1927)

  • 1892 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist, born in Darlington Heights, Virginia (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Megan Lloyd George, English politician (1st female MP for Welsh - Carmarthen), born in Criccieth, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1966)

Person of interestRobert Oppenheimer

1904 Robert Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist known as the father of the atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1905 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat, born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, Swedish prince second in line to the Swedish throne, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1946)
  • 1907 Ivan Yefremov, Russian paleontologist (originator of the concept of taphonomy) and author (Andromeda Nebula), born in Vyritsa, Saint Petersburg Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1972)
  • 1909 Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist (Nobel 1986), born in Turin, Italy (d. 2012)
  • 1909 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (History of the Greeks), born in Fucecchio, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Eric Scowen, English physician and Professor of Medicine (University of London, 1961-75), born in West Ham, London (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (algebraic topology), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1971)
  • 1914 C. H. Sisson, British author (Christopher Homm), born in Bristol, England (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Jan de Hartog, Dutch-English writer (Holland's Glory), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1914 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace, born in Vogelthal, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1917 Leo Abse, Welsh politician and biographer, born in Cardiff (d. 2008)
  • 1917 Sidney Nolan, Australian painter and illustrator (Ned Kelly), born in Carlton, Victoria, Australia (d. 1992)
  • 1919 Donald J. Cram, American biochemist (development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity - Nobel 1987), born in Chester, Vermont (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological and poet (Misery of the Word), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • 1922 Richard Diebenkorn, American painter (Ocean Park Paintings), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Paula Fox, American writer for children (The Slave Dancer) and adults, born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1926 James Stirling, Scottish architect, born in Glasgow (d. 1992)
  • 1929 Margaret Pereira, English forensic scientist (Nicholls and Pereira method), born in Bexley (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Michael Atiyah, English mathematician (Atiyah-Singer Index, Fields Medal 1966), born in London, England (d. 2019)
  • 1929 Robert Wade-Gery, British diplomat (High Commissioner to India 1982–87), born in Oxford (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Henk Gortzak [Hendricus Gortzak], Dutch carpenter and politician (CPN/PSP), born in Amsterdam (d. 1989)
  • 1931 Ronald Hynd, British choreographer (English National Ballet), born in London
  • 1933 Anthony Llewellyn, Welsh-American scientist and NASA astronaut, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Nico Ladenis, Tanganyikan-British restauranteur (Nico at 90), born in Tanganyika, Tanzania
  • 1934 Edward Portman, 9th Viscount Portman, British landowner and multimillionaire (d. 1999)
  • 1935 Christopher Ball, British linguist and Warden of Keble College, Oxford (1980-88)
  • 1937 Bobbi Fiedler, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2019)
  • 1938 Adam Raphael, English journalist and author
  • 1939 John Foley, Bristish Lieutenant General
  • 1943 Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate, born in NYC, New York
  • 1944 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (1st person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon), born in Jackson, Tennessee (disappeared 2007)
  • 1945 Alan Dukes, Irish Fine Gael politician, born in Drimnagh, Dublin, Ireland
  • 1945 Donald E. Graham, American businessman (Graham Holdings Company, Facebook), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1945 Gielijn Escher, Dutch postage stamp artist, born in Oegstgeest, Netherlands
  • 1945 Robert Key, British Conservative Party politician (MP for Salisbury), born in Plymouth, Devon, England
  • 1946 Archy Kirkwood, British politician (MP for Roxburgh and Berwickshire)
  • 1946 Dectuplets, Bacacay Brazil, 8 males & 2 females
  • 1946 John Waters, American director (Hairspray), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1946 Louise Harel, Quebec politician and City Councillor for Maisonneuve–Longue-Pointe, born in Sainte-Thérèse-de-Blainville, Quebec
  • 1950 Lewis Biggs, curator (Tate Gallery-North Liverpool)
  • 1951 Ana María Shua, Argentine poet
  • 1957 Ethel White, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1957 Donald Tusk, Polish politician, Prime Minister of Poland (2007-14), President of the European Council 2014-), born in Gdańsk, Poland
  • 1960 Mart Laar, Estonian statesman
  • 1960 Randall L. Stephenson, American business executive
  • 1960 Gary Rhodes, British restaurateur and television chef, born in London, England
  • 1962 Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
  • 1971 Daisuke Enomoto, Japanese people space tourist
  • 1980 Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour