Birthdays in History on April 23

  • 1141 King Malcolm IV of Scotland, nicknamed Virgo "the Maiden" King of Scots (1141 April-May), born in Scotland (d. 1165)
  • 1170 Isabelle of Hainaut, queen of France, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1190)
  • 1185 Afonso II, 3rd King of Portugal (1211-23), born in Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1223)
  • 1464 Joan of France, Queen of France (1498) and catholic saint who founded several religious orders, born in Nogent-le-Roi (d. 1505)
  • 1484 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian-French physician and scholar (On the Subtlety of Things), born in Riva, Italy (d. 1558)
  • 1500 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, born in Edinburgh (d. 1565)
  • 1516 Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian and archaeologist, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1571)

Person of interestWilliam Shakespeare

1564 William Shakespeare, English Poet and playwright (Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth), born in Stratford upon Avon, (d. 1616) traditionally regarded as his birthdate,

  • 1598 Maarten Tromp, Dutch admiral, born in Breille, Netherlands (d. 1653)
  • 1621 William Penn, English admiral and politician, father of the founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, born in St. Thomas Parish, Bristol (d. 1670)
  • 1628 Johan van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (Concerning Reduction of Equations) and Mayor of Amsterdam (1672-1703), born in Amsterdam (d. 1704)
  • 1629 Jan Commelin, Dutch botanist and director of Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1692)
  • 1697 George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, British Royal Navy officer, born in Staffordshire, England (d. 1762)
  • 1708 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1754)
  • 1720 Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1797)
  • 1725 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint, born in Muro, Naples, Italy (d. 1755)

  • 1728 Samuel Wallis, English explorer (Wallis Island), born in Camelford, Cornwall (d. 1795)
  • 1746 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), born in Valognes, Normandy, France (d. 1794)
  • 1775 J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter (Shipwreck), born in Covent Garden, London, England (d. 1851)

Person of interestJames Buchanan

1791 James Buchanan, 15th US President (1857-61), born in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)

15th US President James Buchanan
15th US President
James Buchanan
  • 1791 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, born in Dessau, Germany (d. 1859)
  • 1792 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1882)
  • 1794 Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar and geographer of Qing Dynasty, born in Shaoyang, China (d. 1856)
  • 1803 Jules J baron d'Anethan, Belgian minister of Justice, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1888)
  • 1804 Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (Triangulatie of Belgium), born in Amsterdam (d. 1869)
  • 1810 Thomas Wright, English antiquarian and writer, born in Ludlow, Shropshire, England (d. 1877)
  • 1813 Stephen A. Douglas, American politician, US senator from Illinois (Lincoln-Douglas debates), born in Brandon, Vermont (d. 1861)
  • 1813 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1853)
  • 1818 James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist (The Nemesis of Faith), born in Dartington Rectory, Devon (d. 1894)
  • 1818 John Gill Shorter, American politician (17th Governor of Alabama), born in Monticello, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • 1823 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1861)
  • 1827 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, born in Winterberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1828 Albert, King of Saxony (1873-1902), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1838 Alfred Verwee, Flemish painter, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium (d. 1895)
  • 1852 Edwin Markham, American poet (1st winner of American Acad of Poets Award 1937), born in Oregon City, Oregon (d. 1940)
  • 1853 Winthrop M. Crane, American politician, 40th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Dalton, Massachusetts (d. 1920)
  • 1858 Max Planck, German physicist, father of Quantum Physics (Planck Constant, Nobel 1918), born in Kiel, Duchy of Holstein (d. 1947)
  • 1861 Edmund Allenby, Viscount Allenby, British Fieldmarshal, General at Battle of Megiddo, born in Brackenhurst, England (d. 1936)
  • 1865 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • 1867 Simon Abramsz, Dutch teacher and writer (For the Young Ones), born in Amsterdam (d. 1924)
  • 1876 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (The Third Reich), born in Solingen, Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1925)

  • 1879 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), born in Heidelberg (d. 1941)
  • 1882 Max Winders, Belgian architect (WWII), responsible for bringing the Belgian gold stock, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • 1888 Georges Vanier, French-Canadian soldier and 19th Governor General of Canada, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1967)
  • 1889 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, born in Farmborough, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • 1892 Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer, born in Tessenderlo, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • 1892 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, born in Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau (d. 1974)
  • 1893 Frank Borzage, American director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1962)
  • 1895 Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand detective writer and producer, born in Christchurch, New Zealand (d. 1982)
  • 1896 Margaret Kennedy, English novelist (The Constant Nymph), born in Hyde Park Gate, London (d. 1967)

Person of interestLester B. Pearson

1897 Lester B. Pearson, 14th Canadian Prime Minister (1963-68) (Nobel Peace Prize 1957), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1972)

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1897 Lucius du Bignon Clay, American WWII general and military governor of West Germany, born in Marietta, Georgia (d . 1978)
  • 1898 Edwin Erich Dwinger, German writer (General Vlassov), born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1899 Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American novelist (Lolita, Ada), born in St Petersburg, Russia (d. 1977)
  • 1901 E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist, born in Dalton-in-Furness, Lancashire (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Halldór Laxness, Icelandic writer (Nobel 1955), born in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 1998)
  • 1903 Guy Simonds, Canadian army, youngest General officer, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England (d 1974)
  • 1907 Lee Miller, American photographer (War correspondent for Vogue in WWII), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1909 Thomas Padmore, British senior civil servant, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Ronald Neame, British director (1st Monday in Oct, Poseidon Adventure), born in London, England (d. 2010)
  • 1914 Andrew Martin, British Army Officer (Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire from 1965 to 1989) (d. 1993)
  • 1914 Mitsu Suzuki, teacher of tea ceremony at SF Zen Center
  • 1915 Arnold Hall, British aeronautical engineer, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Jacob Kistemaker, Dutch nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge), born in Kolhorn, Netherlands (d. 2010)
  • 1918 Maurice Druon, French writer and journalist (Prix Goncourt), born in Paris (d. 2009)
  • 1918 Gordon Hirabayshi, American civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent (Hirabayshi v. United States), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet military intelligence (GRU), born in Vladikavkaz, Russia (d. 1963)
  • 1920 Eric Yarrow, British businessman, CEO (Clydesdale Bank), born in Frensham, Surrey
  • 1922 Boy Ecury [Segundo Jorge Adelberto Ecury], member of the Dutch Resistance in World War II, born in Oranjestad, Aruba (d. 1944)
  • 1922 Diarmuid Downs, British automotive engineer, born in London (d. 2014)
  • 1923 Avram Davidson, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Peregrine: Primus, Rork!), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1923 James Kirkup, English travel writer, poet and novelist (African in Greenland), born in England (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Dolph Briscoe, American businessman and 41st Governor of Texas (1973-79), born in Uvalde, Texas (d. 2010)
  • 1924 Colin Welch, British political journalist and critic of Enid Blyton's Noddy series, born in Ickleton Abbey, Cambridgeshire (d. 1997)
  • 1926 J. P. Donleavy, American novelist (Ginger Man, Onion Eaters), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1928 Okke Jager, Dutch theologist, writer and poet, born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1929 George Steiner, French-American literary critic and educator, born in Paris
  • 1930 Michael Bowen, British Roman Catholic Archbishop (Southwark), born in Gibraltar
  • 1932 Halston, American fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1990)
  • 1932 Jim Fixx, American jogger and writer (Jim Fixx on Running), born in NYC, New York (d. 1984)
  • 1933 Roger Wittevrongel, Flemish painter, born in Blankenberge, Belgium
  • 1936 Elias [Etienne Michiels], Flemish painter, born in Ostend, Belgium
  • 1936 Joseph Willaert, Flemish painter, born in Diksmuide, Belgium (d. 2014)
  • 1937 Victoria Glendinning, British author (Edith Sitwell A Unicorn Among Lions), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1938 Leonard Ernest John Chant, social worker, born in Yeovil, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Steve Symms, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Idaho, born in Nampa, Idaho
  • 1939 Bill Hagerty, British editor (People), born in Ilford, London
  • 1940 Richard Monaco, American sci-fi author (Grail War, Final Quest), born in NYC, New York
  • 1940 Michael Copps, Commissioner of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1941 Hal Daub, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska, born in Fort Bragg, North Carolina
  • 1941 Paavo Lipponen, Prime Minister of Finland (1995-2003), born in Turtola, Finland
  • 1941 Ray Tomlinson, American computer programmer (invented email and the @ sign), born in Amsterdam , New York (d. 2016)
  • 1943 Carmen von Thyssen, Baroness, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1943 Herve Villechaize, French "Da Plane! Da Plane!" (Fantasy Island)
  • 1944 Niklaus Schilling, Basel Germany, director (Dormire, Atem, Rheingold)
  • 1947 Bernadette Devlin McAliskey, Irish political activist [or 1940]
  • 1948 Richard Day, engineer/development expert
  • 1948 Pascal Quignard, French author
  • 1952 Tony Maselli, (fictional character on "Who's the Boss")
  • 1953 Fred Upton, (Rep-R-Michigan)
  • 1955 Mike Smith, British DJ
  • 1960 Valerie Bertinelli, American actress (Barbara Cooper Royer-1 Day at a Time, Hot in Cleveland), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1963 Magnús Ver Magnússon, Icelandic powerlifter
  • 1966 Jim Stynes [James], Hall of Fame Australian rules footballer (only foreigner to win Brownlow medal), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2012)
  • 1968 Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist, born in Lockport, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1968 Princess Aisha bint Al Hussein of Jordan
  • 1968 Princess Zein bint Al Hussein of Jordan
  • 1972 Pierre Labrie, Canadian poet
  • 1981 Gabriella MAO Windsor, daughter of English prince Michael
  • 1981 Chris Sharma, American rock climber/boulderer
  • 1983 Jennifer Heil, Canadian free style skier
  • 1987 Emily Fox, American cupstacking champion
  • 2018 Prince Louis of Cambridge, English son of Prince William and Duchess of Cambridge, born in London