Birthdays in History on April 25

  • 1214 Louis IX (Saint Louis), King of France (1226-70), born in Poissy, France (d. 1270)
  • 1228 Conrad IV, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily, born in Andria, Sicily (d. 1254)
  • 1284 Edward II, King of England (1307-27), born in Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales (d. 1327)
  • 1287 Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England, born in Wigmore Castle, Herefordshire, England (d. 1330)
  • 1502 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1574)

Person of interestOliver Cromwell

1599 Oliver Cromwell, Puritan lord protector of England (1653-58), born in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England (d. 1658)

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1608 Gaston, Duke of Orleans, brother of French King Louis XIII, born in Palace of Fontainebleau, France (d. 1660)
  • 1614 Hieronymus van Beverningk, Dutch general, born in Gouda, Netherlands (1690)
  • 1621 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist, born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland (d. 1679)
  • 1677 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly), born in Lyon, France (d. 1746)
  • 1694 Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect, born in London (d. 1753)
  • 1710 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, born in Banffshire, Scotland (d. 1776)
  • 1725 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral, born in Caversham, Reading, England (d. 1786)
  • 1767 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal, born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1847)
  • 1769 Marc Isambard Brunel, French-born English engineer (Thames Tunnel), born in Hacqueville, France (d. 1849)
  • 1770 Georg Sverdrup, Norwegian statesman, born in Nærøy, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway (d. 1850)
  • 1776 Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1857)
  • 1792 John Keble, Anglican priest and founder (Oxford Movement), born in Fairford, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1886)
  • 1824 Gustave Boulanger, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1825 Charles Dowd, American principal who was the 1st to propose standardized time zones (for America's railways), born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 1904)
  • 1840 James Dearing, U.S. Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1865)
  • 1842 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer and poet (Il santo, Leila), born in Vicenza, Italy (d. 1911)
  • 1843 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1878)
  • 1849 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1851 Leopoldo Alas, Spanish novelist (La Regenta), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1862 Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon and Minister of Foreign Affairs, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1867 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician and physiologist, born in Etterbeek, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • 1868 John Bevins Moisant, American pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him, born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1910)

Person of interestGuglielmo Marconi

1874 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian radio inventor (Nobel 1909), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1937)

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1881 Hans Windisch, German New Testament scholar, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1935)
  • 1897 Mary [Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary], Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, born in York Cottage, Sandringham (d. 1965)
  • 1900 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, born in Firbeck Hall, England (d. 1996)
  • 1900 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss-American theoretical physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1902 Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist, one of the main organizers of Nazi Germany's T-4 Euthanasia Program, born in Forst, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (theory of probability), born in Tambov, Russia (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Walter Hassan, British automotive engineer, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Sally Salminen, Finnish writer (Katrina), born in Vårdö, Finland (d. 1976)
  • 1906 William J. Brennan, Jr, American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Gladys Presley, mother of Elvis, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1958)
  • 1914 Claude Mauriac, French writer (Le Temps immobile), born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Marcos Pérez Jiménez, President of Venezuela (1953-58), born in Michelena, Venezuela (d. 2001)
  • 1914 Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (Raintree County), born in Bloomington, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • 1915 Aksel Quintus Bosz, Surinamese lawyer, born in Pasuruan, Java, Indonesia (d. 1993)
  • 1915 William Goyen, American writer, born in Trinity, Texas (d. 1983)
  • 1918 Gérard de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Jean Mogin, Belgian poet, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1921 Karel Appel, Dutch painter (Vragende Children), born in Amsterdam (d. 2006)
  • 1923 Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer, 13th Astronomer Royal (1982-90)
  • 1926 Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (Social Democratic Party of Austria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2008)

Person of interestAlbert Uderzo

1927 Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist and script writer (Asterix), born in Fismes, Marne, France

Cartoonist Albert Uderzo
Cartoonist
Albert Uderzo
  • 1929 José Ángel Valente, Spanish poet (A modo the esperanza), born in Orense, Spain (d. 2000)

  • 1930 Paul Mazursky, American writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson), born in Brooklyn, New York, (d. 2014)
  • 1931 David Shepherd, British painter (paintings of steam locomotives), born in Hendon, London (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Felix Berezin, Russian physicist and mathematician (Berezin integral), born in Moscow (d. 1980)
  • 1938 Ton Schulten, Dutch painter (landscapes using bright blocks of colour), born in Ootmarsum, Overijssel, Netherlands
  • 1938 Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist (anticipated challenger disaster), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1939 Patrick Anson, Earl of Lichfield, English photographer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Veronica Sutherland, British diplomat
  • 1939 Ted Kooser, American poet and US Poet Laureate, born in Ames, Iowa
  • 1941 Lawrence J. Smith, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Florida (1983-93), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1941 Princess Muna al-Hussein, mother of King Abdullah II of Jordan, born in Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England
  • 1942 Jon Kyl, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona (1987-95), born in Oakland, Nebraska
  • 1946 Peter Sutherland, Irish businessman (Allied Irish Banks) and politician (Fine Gael), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2018)
  • 1946 Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian nationalist and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, born in Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • 1948 Yu Shyi-kun, Premier of the Republic of China (2002-05), born in Dongshan, Yilan County, China
  • 1949 Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1949 James Fenton, British poet
  • 1951 Ian McCartney, Kirkintilloch, United Kingdom, British MP (1987-2010)
  • 1951 Linda Stone, pharmacist

Person of interestHaider al-Abadi

1952 Haider al-Abadi, Iraqi politician, Prime Minister of Iraq (2014-present), born in Baghdad, Iraq

Prime Minister of Iraq Haider al-Abadi
Prime Minister of Iraq
Haider al-Abadi
  • 1953 Ron Clements, American animation director
  • 1955 John Nunn, British chess player
  • 1961 Dinesh D'Souza, American author
  • 1969 Jon Olsen, American 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)
  • 1980 Kazuhito Tadano, Japanese basaball player
  • 1981 Anja Pärson, Swedish skier
  • 1981 Dwone Hicks, National Football League runningback
  • 1983 DeAngelo Williams, National Football League runningback

Person of interestGedhun Choekyi Nyima

1989 Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama, born in Lhari County, Tibet, China

11th Panchen Lama Gedhun Choekyi Nyima
11th Panchen Lama
Gedhun Choekyi Nyima