Birthdays in History on April 26

Person of interestMarcus Aurelius

121 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180), born in Rome (d. 180)

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius
  • 570 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 1538 Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter and poet (Trattato), born in Milan (d. 1592)
  • 1573 Marie de' Medici, Queen of France, born in Palazzo Pitti, Florence (d. 1642)
  • 1637 Philip Julius van Lichtenbergh, Governor of Suriname, born in Heusden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1674)
  • 1648 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon (d. 1706)
  • 1662 Marie Louise D'Orleans, Queen consort of Spain as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain, born in Palais-Royal, Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1689)
  • 1707 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician, born in Amsterdam (d. 1779)
  • 1710 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, born in Strachan, Scotland (d. 1796)

Person of interestDavid Hume

1711 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland [NS 7 May] (d. 1776)

Philosopher David Hume
Philosopher
David Hume
  • 1718 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral and Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy, born in Scituate, Rhode Island (d. 1802)
  • 1726 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, born in Stretta di Morosaglia, France (d. 1807)
  • 1774 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Stolpe an der Oder, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1853)
  • 1776 Joan Melchior Kemper, Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book), born in Amsterdam (d. 1824)
  • 1782 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, French queen as wife of Louis Phillip of Austria, born in Caserta Palace, Naples (d. 1866)

Person of interestJohn James Audubon

1785 John James Audubon, American bird watcher and artist (The Birds of America), born in Les Cayes, Haiti (d. 1851)

Ornithologist John James Audubon
Ornithologist
John James Audubon

  • 1787 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1798 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), born in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France (d. 1863)
  • 1798 James Beckwourth, American fur trader and explorer, born in Frederick County, Virginia (d. 1867)
  • 1801 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat, born in Hanover Courthouse, Virginia (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1808 Martha Finley, American children's book author (Elsie Dinsmore series), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1909)
  • 1812 Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant, born in Essen, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)

Person of interestFrederick Law Olmsted

1822 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • 1826 George Hull Ward, American general and Union officer in the American Civil War, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General, born in Louisville, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • 1827 Charles Edward Hovey, American lobbyist and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Erminnie Adelle Platt, American anthropologist (first woman to specialize in ethnographic field work), born in Marcellus shale, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1839 Cyrus Hamblin, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1841 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, born in Schönborn, Austrian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1846 Giuseppe Arimondi, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Savigliano (d. 1896)
  • 1856 Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1906-12), born in Melbourne, Victoria Colony (d. 1930)
  • 1863 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)
  • 1868 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1873 Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon), born in Essen, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1878 Rafael Guízar y Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop (cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution), born in Cotija, Michoacán, Mexico (d. 1938)
  • 1879 Owen Williams Richardson, British physicist (Nobel 1928), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (Oh My Mother Tongue!), born in Quşlawıç, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • 1889 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher ( Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)

Person of interestRudolf Hess

1894 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1896 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1898 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1984)
  • 1900 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), born in Overpeck, Ohio (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Paul-Émile Léger, Canadian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop (Montreal), born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1905 Charles K. Feldman, American producer (Casino Royale), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • 1907 Theun de Vries, Dutch writer (The Girl with the Red Hair), born in Veenwouden, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1910 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • 1912 A. E. van Vogt, Canadian sci-fi author (Wizard of Linn), born in Gretna, Manitoba, Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Bernard Malamud, American novelist (The Fixer, The Natural, Pulitzer 1967), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1986)
  • 1914 H. L. Gold, American sci-fi writer and editor, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1914 James Rouse, American builder (founder of The Rouse Company), born in Easton, Maryland (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Morris West, Australian novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman), born in St Kilda, Victoria (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer (Magnum), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1954)
  • 1921 Margaret Gowing, English historian (Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy), born in Kensington, London (d. 1998)
  • 1922 J. C. Holt, English medieval historian, born in Yorkshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Jeanne Sauvé, 23rd Governor-General of Canada (1984-90), born in Prud'homme, Saskatchewan, Canada (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Oliver Millar, British art historian (served in the Royal Household for 41 years), born in Standon, Hertfordshire (d. 2007)
  • 1925 Frank Hahn, British economist (Hahn's Problem), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1925 Michele Ferrero, Italian entrepreneur (Ferrero SpA - Nutella), born in Dogliani, Piedmont (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 2003)
  • 1927 Dame Anne McLaren, British biologist and leading researcher on human in vitro fertilisation (IVF), born in London, England (d. 2007)
  • 1929 Richard Mitchell, American professor and author (The Underground Grammarian), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist (Nobel 1993- Site-directed mutagenesis), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1933 Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (Founder of FALN), born in Río Blanco, Naguabo, Puerto Rico (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Michael McCloskey, American environmentalist and chairman (Sierra Club), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • 1935 James Cecil "Humpy" Parker, American disgraced ex-Sheriff convicted of violating inmates civil rights and of torture, born in San Jacinto County, Texas (d. 1994)
  • 1936 Edward Cazalet, judge of the High Court of England and Wales, born in Marylebone, London
  • 1938 Willie Wood, Scottish bowls player, born in Haddington, East Lothian
  • 1942 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Naifeld, Sumy (d. 1992)
  • 1943 Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect (Royal Gold Medal 2013), born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1944 David O'Brien Martin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in St. Lawrence Co., New York
  • 1944 Martha Rockwell, American cross-country skier (Mount Washington), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1944 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician (leader of Muhammadiyah 1995-2000), born in Surakarta, Dutch East Indies
  • 1945 Sylvain Simard, Canadian politician (Parti Québécois), born in Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada
  • 1947 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust (d. 1995)
  • 1948 Gerry Sikorski, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Breckenridge, Minnesota
  • 1952 Popo Molefe, South African politician and secretary-general (South Africa UDF), born in Sophiatown, Gauteng, South Africa
  • 1966 Yoshihiro Togashi, Japanese Manga artist who created YuYu Hakusho, born in Shinjō, Yamagata, Japan
  • 1982 Joanne Gobure, Nauruan poet, born in Denigomodu, Nauru
  • 1983 Jessica Lynch, American prisoner of war (served in the 2003 invasion of Iraq by U.S. and allied forces), born in Palestine, Wirt County, West Virginia