Birthdays in History on April 26

Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius (121-180 AD)

Emperor of Rome (161-180), born in Rome

  • 570 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 1538 Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter and poet (Trattato), born in Milan (d. 1600)
  • 1573 Marie de' Medici, Queen of France, born in Palazzo Pitti, Florence (d. 1642)
  • 1637 Philip Julius van Lichtenbergh, Governor of Suriname, born in Heusden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1674)
  • 1648 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon (d. 1706)
  • 1662 Marie Louise D'Orleans, Queen consort of Spain as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain, born in Palais-Royal, Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1689)
  • 1707 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician, born in Amsterdam (d. 1779)
  • 1710 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, born in Strachan, Scotland (d. 1796)

David HumeDavid Hume (1711-1776)

Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland [NS 7 May]

  • 1718 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral and Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy, born in Scituate, Rhode Island (d. 1802)
  • 1726 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, born in Stretta di Morosaglia, France (d. 1807)
  • 1774 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Stolpe an der Oder, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1853)
  • 1776 Joan Melchior Kemper, Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book), born in Amsterdam (d. 1824)
  • 1782 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, French queen as wife of Louis Phillip of Austria, born in Caserta Palace, Naples (d. 1866)

John James AudubonJohn James Audubon (1785-1851)

American ornithologist and painter (The Birds of America), born in Les Cayes, Haiti

  • 1787 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1798 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), born in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France (d. 1863)
  • 1798 James Beckwourth, American fur trader and explorer, born in Frederick County, Virginia (d. 1867)
  • 1801 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat, born in Hanover Courthouse, Virginia (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1808 Martha Finley, American children's book author (Elsie Dinsmore series), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1909)
  • 1812 Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant, born in Essen, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)

Frederick Law OlmstedFrederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903)

American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut

  • 1826 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General, born in Louisville, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • 1826 George Hull Ward, American general and Union officer in the American Civil War, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1827 Charles Edward Hovey, American lobbyist and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Erminnie Adelle Platt, American anthropologist (first woman to specialize in ethnographic field work), born in Marcellus shale, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1839 Cyrus Hamblin, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1841 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, born in Schönborn, Austrian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1846 Giuseppe Arimondi, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Savigliano (d. 1896)
  • 1856 Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1906-12), born in Melbourne, Victoria Colony (d. 1930)
  • 1863 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic, born in Pori, Finland (d. 1931) [1]
  • 1868 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1873 Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon), born in Essen, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1878 Rafael Guízar y Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop (cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution), born in Cotija, Michoacán, Mexico (d. 1938)
  • 1879 Owen Williams Richardson, British physicist (Nobel 1928), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (Oh My Mother Tongue!), born in Quşlawıç, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • 1889 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)

Rudolf HessRudolf Hess (1894-1987)

German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt

  • 1896 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1898 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1984)
  • 1900 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), born in Overpeck, Ohio (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Paul-Émile Léger, Canadian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop (Montreal), born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1905 Charles K. Feldman, American producer (Casino Royale), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • 1907 Theun de Vries, Dutch writer (The Girl with the Red Hair), born in Veenwouden, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1910 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • 1912 A. E. van Vogt, Canadian sci-fi author (Wizard of Linn), born in Gretna, Manitoba, Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Bernard Malamud, American novelist (The Fixer, The Natural, Pulitzer 1967), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1986)
  • 1914 H. L. Gold, American sci-fi writer and editor, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1996)
  • 1914 James Rouse, American builder (founder of The Rouse Company), born in Easton, Maryland (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Morris West, Australian novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman), born in St Kilda, Victoria (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer (Magnum), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1954)
  • 1921 Margaret Gowing, English historian (Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy), born in Kensington, London (d. 1998)
  • 1922 J. C. Holt, English medieval historian, born in Yorkshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Jeanne Sauvé, 23rd Governor-General of Canada (1984-90), born in Prud'homme, Saskatchewan, Canada (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Oliver Millar, British art historian (served in the Royal Household for 41 years), born in Standon, Hertfordshire (d. 2007)
  • 1925 Frank Hahn, British economist (Hahn's Problem), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1925 Michele Ferrero, Italian entrepreneur (Ferrero SpA - Nutella), born in Dogliani, Piedmont (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 2003)
  • 1927 Dame Anne McLaren, British biologist and leading researcher on human in vitro fertilisation (IVF), born in London, England (d. 2007)
  • 1929 Richard Mitchell, American professor and author (The Underground Grammarian), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist (Nobel 1993- Site-directed mutagenesis), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1933 Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (Founder of FALN), born in Río Blanco, Naguabo, Puerto Rico (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Michael McCloskey, American environmentalist and chairman (Sierra Club), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • 1935 James Cecil "Humpy" Parker, American disgraced ex-Sheriff convicted of violating inmates civil rights and of torture, born in San Jacinto County, Texas (d. 1994)
  • 1936 Edward Cazalet, judge of the High Court of England and Wales, born in Marylebone, London
  • 1938 Willie Wood, Scottish bowls player, born in Haddington, East Lothian
  • 1942 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Naifeld, Sumy (d. 1992)
  • 1943 Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect (Royal Gold Medal 2013), born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1944 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician (leader of Muhammadiyah 1995-2000), born in Surakarta, Dutch East Indies
  • 1944 David O'Brien Martin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in St. Lawrence Co., New York
  • 1945 Sylvain Simard, Canadian politician (Parti Québécois), born in Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada
  • 1947 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust (d. 1995)
  • 1948 Gerry Sikorski, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Breckenridge, Minnesota
  • 1952 Popo Molefe, South African politician and secretary-general (South Africa UDF), born in Sophiatown, Gauteng, South Africa
  • 1959 Pedro Pierluisi, Puerto Rico politician, Governor of Puerto Rico (2019-), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1966 Yoshihiro Togashi, Japanese Manga artist who created YuYu Hakusho, born in Shinjō, Yamagata, Japan
  • 1977 Samantha Cristoforetti, Italian European Space Agency astronaut, Italian Air Force pilot, and engineer, born in Milan, Italy
  • 1982 Joanne Gobure, Nauruan poet, born in Denigomodu, Nauru
  • 1983 Jessica Lynch, American prisoner of war (served in the 2003 invasion of Iraq by U.S. and allied forces), born in Palestine, Wirt County, West Virginia