Birthdays in History on April 27

  • 1410 Jean Van Lannoy, Flemish governor of Holland, Zealand and West Frisia (d. 1493)
  • 1593 Mumtaz Mahal, Empress consort of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal as her mausoleum and symbol of his undying love, born in Agra, Mughal Empire (d. 1631)
  • 1650 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (1670-99), born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1714)
  • 1701 Charles Emanuel III of Savoy, King of Sardinia, born in Turin (d. 1773)
  • 1718 Thomas Lewis, Irish-American surveyor, lawyer, and a pioneer of early Virginia, born in County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1790)
  • 1724 Colonel Thomas Gardner, American heroic political figure and soldier, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1775)
  • 1733 Josef Gottlieb Kölreuter, German Botanist who pioneered the study of plant hybrids, especially among the tobacco plants, born in Sulz am Neckar, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1748 Adamántios Koraïs, Greek humanist scholar, born in Smyrna, Anatolia (d. 1833)
  • 1755 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), born in Rosières-aux-Salines, France (d. 1836)
  • 1759 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

Person of interestSamuel Morse

1791 Samuel Morse, American inventor (telegraph, Morse code) and painter, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1872)

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse
  • 1806 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1878)
  • 1812 William W. Snow, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1851-53), born in Heath, Massachusetts (d. 1886)

Person of interestHerbert Spencer

1820 Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (Social Statics), born in Derby, England (d. 1903)

Philosopher and Intellectual Herbert Spencer
Philosopher and Intellectual
Herbert Spencer

Person of interestUlysses S. Grant

1822 Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US President (1869-77) and Union general, born in Point Pleasant, Ohio (d. 1885)

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1828 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist and publisher, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1884)

  • 1835 John Murray Corse, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [or 9/27] (d. 1893)
  • 1840 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865), born in London (d. 1911)
  • 1848 Otto I of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1886-1913), born in The Residence, Munich (d. 1916)
  • 1850 Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German Colonel General, born in Greifswald, Prussia (d. 1921)
  • 1853 Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist, born in Vennecy, Loiret, France (d. 1914)
  • 1861 Johan M Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • 1865 Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • 1875 André Baillon, Belgian-French author (Un homme si simple), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • 1883 Hubert Harrison, West Indian-American writer and freedom fighter, born in St. Croix, Danish West Indies (d. 1927)
  • 1892 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)
  • 1893 Norman Bel Geddes, American theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End), born in Adrian, Michigan (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Draža Mihailović, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal, born in Ivanjica, Serbia (d. 1946)
  • 1894 George Petty, American pin-up artist, born in Abbeville, Louisiana (d. 1975)
  • 1896 Wallace Hume Carothers, American chemist and inventor (nylon), born in Burlington, Iowa (d. 1937)
  • 1903 Frank Belknap Long, American writer (Rim of the Unknown), born in Harlem, Manhattan (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Hans Kosterlitz, German-British biochemist (endorphins), born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Arthur F. Burns, American economist and chairman (Federal Reserve Board), born in Stanislau, Austria-Hungary (d. 1987)
  • 1904 Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish poet (British Poet Laureate 1968-72) and detective writer (Nicholas Blake), born in Ballintubbert, Queen's County (d. 1972)
  • 1904 Ragnar Skrede, Norwegian poet (Lauvfall)
  • 1905 Julian Stryjkowski, Polish journalist and writer known for his radical leftist leanings, born in Stryi, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Mark Alexander Abrams, English market researcher, born in Edmonton, London (d. 1994)
  • 1906 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1909 Muriel C. Bradbrook, English writer (That Infidel Place), born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Astérix, Tintin), born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Franz Weyergans, Belgian writer and translator (Les Gens Heureux), born in Seraing, Belgium (d. 1974)

  • 1912 Frederick R. Weisman, philanthropist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist, born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2004)
  • 1914 Albert Soboult, French historian, born in Ammi Moussa, French Algeria (d. 1982)
  • 1918 Sten Rudholm, Swedish jurist, member of the Swedish Academy, born in Karlstad, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • 1919 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), born in Coventry, England (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet (At Eighty), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • 1920 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (nonlinear functional analysis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Ukraine (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Martin Gray, Polish-born American writer, holocaust survivor, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Coretta Scott King, American activist and wife of Martin Luther King Jr., born in Heiberger, Alabama (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Joe Moakley, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts (1973-2001), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2001)

Person of interestSheila Scott

1927 Sheila Scott, English aviator (completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman), born in Worcester, Worcestershire (d. 1988)

Aviator Sheila Scott
Aviator
Sheila Scott
  • 1932 Roelof "Pik" Botha, South African minister of Foreign affairs, born in Rustenburg, Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1932 Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born American mathematician and philosopher, born in Vigevano, Italy (d. 1999)
  • 1938 Earl Anthony, American professional bowler (PBA money champ 1974-6, 1981-3), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2001)
  • 1939 Stanislaw Dziwisz, Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Kraków, born in Raba Wyżna, Poland
  • 1941 Jennings Michael Burch, American writer (They Cage the Animals at Night), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1942 Gordon Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)
  • 1942 Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6, TM-18), born in Tula, Russia
  • 1944 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman, born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England
  • 1945 August Wilson, American playwright (Fences, Pulitzer 1987), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)
  • 1947 George Kenneth Butterfield, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina, born in Wilson, North Carolina
  • 1948 Frank William Abagnale, Jr., American con artist turned security consultant, born in Bronxville, New York
  • 1948 Amrit Kumar Bohara, Nepalese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)
  • 1952 Larry Elder, American political commentator, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1953 Ellen S. Baker, American physician and NASA astronaut (STS 34, 50, 71), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina
  • 1955 Cora Ann Mahalick, NJ, news anchor (WNYW-TV)

Person of interestWillem-Alexander

1967 Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands (2013-present), born in Utrecht, Netherlands

King of the Netherlands Willem-Alexander
King of the Netherlands
Willem-Alexander
  • 1969 Cory Booker, American politician, 36th Mayor of Newark (2006-13), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1975 Rabih Abdullah, American National Football League player, born in Martinsville, Virginia
  • 1980 Talitha Cummins, Australian journalist (Seven News Brisbane), born in Gold Coast, Australia