Birthdays in History on April 29

  • 534 Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion
  • 1636 Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer, born in Lwówek Śląski, Poland (d. 1679)
  • 1665 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier, born in Dublin (d. 1745)
  • 1667 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), born in Inverbervie, Scotland (d. 1735)
  • 1686 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1745 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800), born in Windsor, Connecticut, British America (d. 1807)
  • 1758 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero, born in Stora Torpa, Västergötland, Sweden (d. 1820)
  • 1762 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal, born in Limoges, France (d. 1833)
  • 1780 Charles Nodier, French writer (History du chien the Brisquet), born in Besançon, France (d. 1844)
  • 1783 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1856)
  • 1784 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (1833- 36), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1850)

James BrookeJames Brooke (1803-1868)

British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India

  • 1806 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • 1815 Abram Duryée, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1890)

Alexander IIAlexander II (1818-1881)

Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia

  • 1830 Adolph Sutro, German American engineer and politician, mayor of San Francisco, built Cliff House, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1898)
  • 1837 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, born in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1891)
  • 1848 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born in Kilimanoor, Travancore (d. 1906)
  • 1854 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)
  • 1857 Édouard Rod, France-Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e), born in Nyon, Switzerland (d. 1910)
  • 1860 Lorado Taft, American sculptor (Black Hawk), born in Elmwood, Illinois (d. 1936)
  • 1863 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1863 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)

William Randolph HearstWilliam Randolph Hearst (1863-1951)

American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California

  • 1871 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1875 Rafael Sabatini, Italian-British writer (The Sea Hawk), born in Iesi, Italy (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), born in Werreyimenu, Wollo, Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • 1882 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, born in Leens, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Rasende Reporter), born in Prague (d. 1948)
  • 1893 Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet (The Eternal and the Holy), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1991)
  • 1893 Harold Urey, American physical chemist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934), born in Walkerton, Indiana (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Walter Mehring, German writer (Die Gedichte, Lieder und Chansons des Walter Mehring), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Bernard Verhoeven, Dutch poet (Pleidooi near een non), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1901 G. O. Sayles, English historian, born in Chesterfield, England (d. 1994)

HirohitoHirohito (1901-1989)

124th Emperor of Japan (1926-89), born in Aoyama Palace, Tokyo

  • 1904 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi), born in Acqualagna, Italy (d. 1962)
  • 1907 Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-American director (From Here to Eternity, Julia), born in Rzeszów, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Jack Williamson, American sci-fi author (Cometeers), born in Brisbee, Arizona Territory (d. 2006)
  • 1909 Daniel Mayer, French journalist and resistance fighter, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor, born in Milan (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Terence de Vere White, Irish novelist (An Affair with the Moon), born in Dublin (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun), born in Den Burg, Texel, Netherlands
  • 1922 Parren Mitchell, American politician (Rep-D-MD, 1971-87), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Irvin Kershner, American director (Never Say Never Again), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1926 Carrie Meek, American politician (Rep-D-Florida 1993-2003), born in Tallahassee, Florida (d. 2021)
  • 1927 Betsy Ancker-Johnson, American physicist and auto company executive, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1929 Walter Kempowski, German writer (German Chronicle), born in Rostock (d. 2007)
  • 1929 [John] Jeremy Thorpe, British politician, Leader of the Liberal Party (Norman Scott scandal), born in London, England (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • 1931 Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • 1932 Yevgeni Alekseyevich Zaikin, Russian cosmonaut (Voshkod 2 backup)
  • 1933 Mark Eyskens [Marc Maria Frans, Viscount Eyskens], Belgian economist and Prime Minister of Belgium (1981), born in Leuven, Belgium
  • 1934 Pedro Pires, President of Cape Verde (2001-2011), Prime Minister of Cape Verde (1975-91), born in Fogo, Cape Verde
  • 1936 Jacob Rothschild, English banker and multi-millionaire, born in Berkshire, England
  • 1937 Jill Paton Walsh, English writer (Peter Wimsey series, Knowledge of Angels), born in London, England (d. 2020) [1]

Bernie MadoffBernie Madoff (1938-2021)

American fraudster and financier who committed the largest fraud in US history, born in Queens, New York

  • 1941 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)

Ian KershawIan Kershaw (79 years old)

1943 English historian (wrote seminal biographies of Adolf Hitler), born in Oldham, England

  • 1944 Benedikte, Danish princess and second daughter of Frederick IX, born in Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 1946 Franc Roddam, English director (Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, Quadrophenia), born in Norton, England
  • 1947 Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian polemicist and right wing conspiracy theorist, born in Campinas, Brazil
  • 1948 Bruce Cutler, American attorney (defended John Gotti)
  • 1950 Debbie Stabenow, American politician (Senator-D-Michigan 2001-), born in Gladwin, Michigan
  • 1952 David Icke, English writer and conspiracy theorist, born in Leicester, England
  • 1953 Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Russian cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27), born in Kirya, Russia
  • 1954 Bill Paxon, American politician (Rep-R-New York 1989-99), born in Arkon, New York
  • 1957 Fiame Naomi Mata'afa, Samoan politician and chieftainess, 1st female Prime Minister of Samoa (2021-), born in Apia, Western Samoa
  • 1957 Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)
  • 1960 Robert J. Sawyer, Canadian sci-fi writer, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1973 David Belle, French physical educator (founded Parkour), born in Fécamp, France
  • 1975 Béres Zoo, Hungarian radio shock jock DJ, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 2003 Maud Behn, Princess of Norway
  • 2007 Infanta Sofía of Spain, Princess of Spain