On This Day

Birthdays in History on April 29

  • 534 Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion
  • 1636 Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer, born in Lwówek Śląski, Poland (d. 1679)
  • 1665 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier, born in Dublin (d. 1745)
  • 1667 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), born in Inverbervie, Scotland (d. 1735)
  • 1686 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1745 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800), born in Windsor, Connecticut, British America (d. 1807)
  • 1758 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero, born in Stora Torpa, Västergötland, Sweden (d. 1820)
  • 1762 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal, born in Limoges, France (d. 1833)
  • 1780 Charles Nodier, French writer (History du chien the Brisquet), born in Besançon, France (d. 1844)
  • 1783 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1856)
  • 1784 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (1833- 36), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1850)

Person of interestJames Brooke

1803 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1806 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • 1815 Abram Duryée, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1890)

Person of interestAlexander II

1818 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia (d. 1881)

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1830 Adolph Sutro, German American engineer and politician, mayor of San Francisco, built Cliff House, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1898)

  • 1837 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, born in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1891)
  • 1848 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born in Kilimanoor, Travancore (d. 1906)
  • 1854 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)
  • 1857 Édouard Rod, France-Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e), born in Nyon, Switzerland (d. 1910)
  • 1860 Lorado Taft, American sculptor (Black Hawk), born in Elmwood, Illinois (d. 1936)

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

1863 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • 1863 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1863 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1871 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1875 Rafael Sabatini, Italian-British writer (The Sea Hawk), born in Iesi, Italy (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), born in Werreyimenu, Wollo, Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • 1882 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, born in Leens, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Rasende Reporter), born in Prague (d. 1948)
  • 1893 Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet (The Eternal and the Holy), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1991)
  • 1893 Harold Urey, American physical chemist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934), born in Walkerton, Indiana (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Walter Mehring, German writer (Die Gedichte, Lieder und Chansons des Walter Mehring), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Bernard Verhoeven, Dutch poet (Pleidooi near een non), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1901 G. O. Sayles, English historian, born in Chesterfield, England (d. 1994)

Person of interestHirohito

1901 Hirohito, 124th Emperor of Japan (1926-89), born in Aoyama Palace, Tokyo (d. 1989)

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • 1904 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi), born in Acqualagna, Italy (d. 1962)

  • 1907 Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-American director (From Here to Eternity, Julia), born in Rzeszów, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Jack Williamson, American sci-fi author (Cometeers), born in Brisbee, Arizona Territory (d. 2006)
  • 1909 Daniel Mayer, French journalist and resistance fighter, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor, born in Milan (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Terence de Vere White, Irish novelist (An Affair with the Moon), born in Dublin (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun), born in Den Burg, Texel, Netherlands
  • 1922 Parren Mitchell, American politician (Rep-D-MD, 1971-87), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Irvin Kershner, American director (Never Say Never Again), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1926 Carrie Meek, American politician (Rep-D-Florida 1993-2003), born in Tallahassee, Florida
  • 1927 Betsy Ancker-Johnson, American physicist and auto company executive, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1929 Walter Kempowski, German writer (German Chronicle), born in Rostock (d. 2007)
  • 1929 [John] Jeremy Thorpe, British politician, Leader of the Liberal Party (Norman Scott scandal), born in London, England (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • 1931 Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • 1932 Yevgeni Alekseyevich Zaikin, Russian cosmonaut (Voshkod 2 backup)
  • 1933 Mark Eyskens [Marc Maria Frans, Viscount Eyskens], Belgian economist and Prime Minister of Belgium (1981), born in Leuven, Belgium
  • 1934 Pedro Pires, President of Cape Verde (2001-2011), Prime Minister of Cape Verde (1975-91), born in Fogo, Cape Verde
  • 1936 Jacob Rothschild, English banker and multi-millionaire, born in Berkshire, England
  • 1937 Jill Paton Walsh, English writer (Peter Wimsey series, Knowledge of Angels), born in London, England (d. 2020) [1]

Person of interestBernie Madoff

1938 Bernard "Bernie" Madoff, American fraudster and financier who committed the largest fraud in US history, born in Queens, New York (d. 2021)

Financier and Fraudster Bernie Madoff
Financier and Fraudster
Bernie Madoff

  • 1941 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)

Person of interestIan Kershaw

1943 Ian Kershaw, English historian (wrote seminal biographies of Adolf Hitler), born in Oldham, England

Historian Ian Kershaw
Historian
Ian Kershaw
  • 1944 Benedikte, Danish princess and second daughter of Frederick IX, born in Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 1946 Franc Roddam, English director ( Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, Quadrophenia), born in Norton, England
  • 1947 Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian polemicist and right wing conspiracy theorist, born in Campinas, Brazil
  • 1948 Bruce Cutler, American attorney (defended John Gotti)
  • 1950 Debbie Stabenow, American politician (Senator-D-Michigan 2001-), born in Gladwin, Michigan
  • 1952 David Icke, English writer and conspiracy theorist, born in Leicester, England
  • 1953 Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Russian cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27), born in Kirya, Russia
  • 1954 Bill Paxon, American politician (Rep-R-New York 1989-99), born in Arkon, New York
  • 1957 Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)
  • 1960 Robert J. Sawyer, Canadian sci-fi writer, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • 1973 David Belle, French physical educator (founded Parkour), born in Fécamp, France
  • 1975 Béres Zoo, Hungarian radio shock jock DJ, born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 2003 Maud Behn, Princess of Norway
  • 2007 Infanta Sofía of Spain, Princess of Spain