Birthdays in History on April 29

  • April
  • 534 Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion
  • 1636 Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer, born in Lwówek Śląski, Poland (d. 1679)
  • 1665 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier, born in Dublin (d. 1745)
  • 1667 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), born in Inverbervie, Scotland (d. 1735)
  • 1686 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1745 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800), born in Windsor, Connecticut, British America (d. 1807)
  • 1758 Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish Lieutenant General and war hero, born in Stora Torpa, Västergötland, Sweden (d. 1820)
  • 1762 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal, born in Limoges, France (d. 1833)
  • 1780 Charles Nodier, French writer (History du chien the Brisquet), born in Besançon, France (d. 1844)
  • 1783 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1856)
  • 1784 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (1833- 36), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1850)

Person of interestJames Brooke

1803 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1806 Ernst Freiherr von Feuchtersleben, Austrian physician and philosopher, born in Vienna (d. 1849)
  • 1815 Abram Duryée, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1890)

Person of interestAlexander II

1818 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia (d. 1881)

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • 1830 Adolph Sutro, German American engineer and politician, mayor of San Francisco, built Cliff House, born in Aachen, Prussia (d. 1898)

  • 1837 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, born in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1891)
  • 1848 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, born in Kilimanoor, Travancore (d. 1906)
  • 1854 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (Poincaré conjecture), born in Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France (d. 1912)
  • 1857 Édouard Rod, France-Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e), born in Nyon, Switzerland (d. 1910)
  • 1860 Lorado Taft, American sculptor (Black Hawk), born in Elmwood, Illinois (d. 1936)

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

1863 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • 1863 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1863 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)
  • 1871 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1875 Rafael Sabatini, Italian-British writer (The Sea Hawk), born in Iesi, Italy (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), born in Werreyimenu, Wollo, Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • 1882 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, born in Leens, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Rasende Reporter), born in Prague (d. 1948)
  • 1893 Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet (The Eternal and the Holy), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1991)
  • 1893 Harold Urey, American physical chemist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934), born in Walkerton, Indiana (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Walter Mehring, German writer (Die Gedichte, Lieder und Chansons des Walter Mehring), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Bernard Verhoeven, Dutch poet (Pleidooi near een non), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • 1901 G. O. Sayles, English historian, born in Chesterfield, England (d. 1994)

Person of interestHirohito

1901 Hirohito, 124th Emperor of Japan (1926-89), born in Aoyama Palace, Tokyo (d. 1989)

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • 1904 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi), born in Acqualagna, Italy (d. 1962)
  • 1907 Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-American director (From Here to Eternity, Julia), born in Rzeszów, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Jack Williamson, American sci-fi author (Cometeers), born in Brisbee, Arizona Territory (d. 2006)
  • 1909 Daniel Mayer, French journalist and resistance fighter, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor, born in Milan (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Terence de Vere White, Irish novelist (An Affair with the Moon), born in Dublin (d. 1994)

  • 1921 Cornelis de Jager, Dutch astronomer (Sun), born in Den Burg, Texel, Netherlands
  • 1922 Parren J Mitchell, (Rep-D-MD, 1971- )
  • 1923 Irvin Kershner, director (Never Say Never Again), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1926 Carie Meek, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1927 Betsy Ancker-Johnson, American physicist and auto company executive, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1929 Walter Kempowski, German writer (German Chronicle), born in Rostock (d. 2007)
  • 1929 [John] Jeremy Thorpe, British MP (Liberal)
  • 1931 Aleksei Aleksandrovich Gubarev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 17, 28)
  • 1931 Frank Auerbach, German-born British painter
  • 1932 Yevgeni Alekseyevich Zaikin, Russian cosmonaut (Voshkod 2 backup)
  • 1933 Mark Eyskens [Marc Maria Frans, Viscount Eyskens], Belgian economist and Prime Minister of Belgium (1981), born in Leuven, Belgium
  • 1934 Pedro Pires, premier (Cape Verde, 1975-91)
  • 1936 Jacob Rothschild, English banker/multi-millionaire
  • 1937 Jill Paton Walsh, English writer
  • 1938 Bernard "Bernie" Madoff, American fraudster and financier who committed the largest fraud in US history, born in Queens, New York
  • 1941 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)

Person of interestIan Kershaw

1943 Ian Kershaw, English historian (wrote seminal biographies of Adolf Hitler), born in Oldham, England

Historian Ian Kershaw
Historian
Ian Kershaw
  • 1944 Benedikte, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
  • 1945 Hugh Hopper, rocker (Soft Machine)
  • 1946 Franc Roddam, director (K2, Bride, Aria, Quadrophenia)
  • 1947 Olavo de Carvalho, Brazilian philosopher
  • 1948 Bruce Cutler, American attorney
  • 1950 Debbie Stabenow, American politician
  • 1952 David Icke, English writer
  • 1953 Nikolai Nikolayevich Budarin, Kirya Russia, cosmonaut (STS 71, TM-27)
  • 1954 Bill Paxon, (Rep-R-New York)
  • 1957 Timothy Treadwell, American bear enthusiast (d. 2003)
  • 1960 Robert J. Sawyer, Canadian writer
  • 1961 Fumihiko Tachiki, Japanese seiyū
  • 1972 Dustin McDaniel, American politician
  • 1973 David Belle, French physical educator
  • 1975 Béres Zoo, Hungarian radio DJ
  • 1993 Aurelia Clasina Lucia Wildeboer, daughter of Pieter & Mirtle
  • 2003 Maud Behn, Princess of Norway
  • 2007 Infanta Sofía of Spain, Princess of Spain