Birthdays in History on April 3

  • 1151 Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)
  • 1245 Philips III, King of France (1270-85), born in Poissy, France (d. 1285)

Henry IV of EnglandHenry IV of England (1367-1413)

King of England and Lord of Ireland (1399-1413), born in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England

  • 1438 John III van Egmont, Viceroy of Holland, born in Hattem, Netherlands (d. 1516)
  • 1461 Anne of France, French princess, daughter of King Louis XI and Regent of France (1483-91) for her brother King Charles VIII during his minority, born in Chateau of Genappe, Brabant, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1522)
  • 1485 Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherland poet
  • 1529 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer, born in Joachimsthal, Bohemia (d. 1581)
  • 1593 George Herbert, English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs), born in Montgomery, Wales (d. 1633)
  • 1683 Mark Catesby, English naturalist (Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands) (d. 1749)
  • 1693 George Edwards, English naturalist and ornithologist (father of British ornithology), born in Stratford, Essex, England (d. 1773)
  • 1715 John Hanson, Continental Congressman, 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, born in Maryland (d. 1783)
  • 1715 William Watson, English physician and scientist, born in London (d. 1787)
  • 1720 Elia van Vilnius [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi, born in Sialiec, Polish-Lithuanian (d. 1797)
  • 1727 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter and engraver, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1801)
  • 1764 John Abernethy, English surgeon, born in London, England (d. 1831)
  • 1769 Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1835)
  • 1770 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general and leader of the Greek War of Independence (1821-29), born in Ramοvouni, Messenia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1843)

Washington IrvingWashington Irving (1783-1859)

American author (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), born in NYC, New York

  • 1791 Anne Lister, English diarist 'the 1st modern lesbian', born in Halifax, England (d. 1840)

Charles WilkesCharles Wilkes (1798-1877)

American Antarctic explorer and naval officer (Union Navy), born in NYC, New York

  • 1806 Ivan Kireyevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher, born in Moscow (d. 1856)
  • 1812 Louisa Maria, Queen of Belgium (1832-50), Wife of Leopold I), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1850)
  • 1814 Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Mantua, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • 1821 T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s, born in Greenwich (d. 1892)
  • 1822 Edward Everett Hale, American clergyman and author (Man without a Country), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1909)

Boss TweedBoss Tweed (1823-1878)

American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, born in NYC, New York

  • 1837 John Burroughs, American writer and nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake), born in Delaware County, New York (d. 1921)
  • 1838 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), born in Cahors, Kingdom of France (d. 1882)
  • 1842 Ulric Dahlgren, American Colonel (Union Army), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • 1858 Matthew Ricketts, 1st African American man elected to Nebraska State Legislature, born in Henry County, Kentucky (d. 1917)
  • 1860 Frederik Willem van Eeden, Dutch utopian writer (Walden), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)

J. B. M. HertzogJ. B. M. Hertzog (1866-1942)

South African General and Prime Minister of the Union of South Africa (1924-39), born in Wellington, South Africa

  • 1871 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio), born in Mexico City (d. 1941)
  • 1881 Alcide de Gasperi, 30th Prime Minister of Italy (1945-53), born in Pieve Tesino, Tyrol, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)
  • 1881 Margaret "Daisy" Ashford, British child author who wrote "The Young Visiters" (Mister Salteena's Plan) aged 9, born in Petersham, Surrey (d. 1972)
  • 1885 Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1954)
  • 1885 St John Philby, British explorer and Arabist, born in Badulla, British Ceylon (d. 1960)
  • 1893 Princess Maud of Fife, Countess of Southesk, born in East Sheen Lodge, Richmond-upon-Thames (d. 1945)
  • 1896 Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary writer and leader (Young Frisian Movement), born in Boksum, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • 1898 Henry Luce, American magazine publisher (Time, Fortune, Life), born in Tengchow, China (d. 1967)
  • 1900 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1903 Peter Huchel, German poet, born near Berlin (d. 1981)
  • 1904 Russel Wright, American industrial designer, born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1976)
  • 1905 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (WWII, Korean War & Vietnam War), born in Lexington, North Carolina (d. 1965)
  • 1906 Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College), born in Berwick-upon-Tweed (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Isaac Deutscher, Polish-English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography), born in Chrzanów, Poland (d. 1967)
  • 1911 Michael Woodruff, English surgeon and scientist (organ transplantation), born in Mill Hill, London (d. 2001)
  • 1911 W. R. Lee, English language teacher and internationalist, born in Hillingdon, Middlesex (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Addeke H Boerma, Dutch economist and general manager (FAO) (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Bert Bakker, Dutch publisher (Free Netherlands), born in Huizum, Netherlands (d. 1969)
  • 1913 Per Borten, 18th Prime Minister of Norway (1965-71), born in Flå, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway (d. 2005)
  • 1915 İhsan Doğramacı, Turkish paediatrician, academic and the founder of YÖK, born in Arbil, Ottoman Empire (d. 2010)
  • 1915 Paul Touvier, French Nazi collaborator in World War II called the "Hangman of Lyon" and convicted war criminal, born in Saint-Vincent-sur-Jabron, France (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Herb Caen, American columnist (SF Chronicle), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Duke of Grafton, 11th Duke of Grafton, born in Cape Town (d. 2011)
  • 1920 John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), born in Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 2012)
  • 1923 John Smith, English landowner, financier and Philanthropist (National Trust, Landmark Trust), born in London (d. 2007) [1]
  • 1925 Tony Benn, British politcian, Minister of Technology and President of the Stop the War Coalition, born in Marylebone, London (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Virgil Grissom, US Air Force test pilot and NASA astronaut (Mercury-Redstone 4, Gemini 3, Apollo 1), born in Mitchell, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • 1927 Wesley Brown, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Dennis Farr, Museum director (Courtauld Institute Galleries) and art historian, born in Luton, Bedfordshire (d. 2006)
  • 1929 Fazlur Rahman Khan, Bangladeshi-American structural engineer and architect (Sears Tower, Chicago; John Hancock Center, Chicago; Metrodome, Minneapolis), born in Dhaka, British India (now Bangladesh) (d. 1982)

Helmut KohlHelmut Kohl (1930-2017)

German chancellor (West Germany, 1982-90, unified Germany, 1990-98), born in Ludwigshafen, Weimar Republic

  • 1930 Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida (1971-89) and Governor of Florida (1991-98), born in Lakeland, Florida (d. 1998)
  • 1930 Max Frankel, American journalist (Tables of Id of Organic Compounds), born in Gera, Germany
  • 1931 Tom Collins, Canadian ice skating promoter (Champions on Ice), born in Kirkland Lake, Ontario (d. 2019)
  • 1932 Janet Bately, Prof of English Language (King's College London)
  • 1932 Martin Nourse, Lord Justice of Appeal of England and Wales (d. 2017)
  • 1933 Bob Dornan, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in NYC, New York

Jane GoodallJane Goodall (88 years old)

1934 British primatologist, anthropologist, and writer (Through a Window: My Thirty Years With the Chimpanzees of Gombe), born in Hampstead, London, England

  • 1936 Reginald Hill, British crime author (Andrew Dalziel and Peter Pascoe novels), born in West Hartlepool, County Durham (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Roger Burman, English head of the Association of British Chambers of Commerce, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1943 Doreen Tracey, British-born American performer (Mickey Mouse Club-Mouseketeer), born in St Pancras, London (d. 2018)
  • 1945 Wim Deetman, Dutch politician, Minister of Education, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1946 Carlos Salinas de Gortari, President of Mexico (1988-94), born in Mexico City
  • 1948 Arlette Cousture, French Canadian writer (Les filles de Caleb), born in Saint-Lambert, Quebec, Canada
  • 1948 Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch politician (CDA), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1952 Mike Moore, American politician and Attorney General of Mississippi, born in Pascagoula, Mississippi
  • 1955 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel and cosmonaut, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2012)
  • 1956 Boris Miljković, Serbian TV and theatre director, writer and lecturer, born in Zagreb, PR Croatia, FPR Yugoslavia
  • 1962 John Thomas Griffith, American rocker (Red Rockers), born in Lubbock, Texas
  • 1964 Nigel Farage, British politician and leader of the UKIP who campaigned for Brexit, born in Downe, Kent
  • 1968 Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator (Tank Girl; Gorillaz), born in Horsham, Sussex, England

Mellody HobsonMellody Hobson (53 years old)

1969 American businesswoman (Chairman of Dreamworks Animation), born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1975 Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist (Trunk Archive), born in Copenhagen
  • 1982 Kasumi Nakane, Japanese gravure idol, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1986 Coleen Rooney, English media personality (married to Wayne Rooney), born in Liverpool, England