Birthdays in History on April 30

  • 1245 Philip III "the Bold", King of France (1270-85), born in Poissy, France (d. 1285)
  • 1309 Casimir III the Great, King of Poland (1333-70), born in Kowal, Poland (d. 1370)
  • 1553 Louise de Lorraine, Queen consort of France (1575-89), born in Nomeny, Bar, France (d. 1601)
  • 1602 William Lilly, English astrologer, born in Diseworth, Leicestershire, England (d. 1681)
  • 1623 François de Laval, French clergyman, 1st Roman Catholic bishop of Québec, and saint, born in Montigny-sur-Avre, Kingdom of France (d. 1708)
  • 1651 Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest and saint of the Catholic Church, born in Reims, Champagne, Kingdom of France (d. 1719)
  • 1662 Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-94), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1694)
  • 1664 François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general, born in Hôtel de Conti, Paris (d. 1709)
  • 1710 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general, born in Arlon, Province of Luxembourg, Belgium (d. 1795)
  • 1723 Mathurin Jacques Brisson, French zoologist and naturalist (Ornithologie), born in Fontenay-le-Comte (d. 1806)
  • 1743 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, born in Eefde, Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1814)
  • 1767 Jean Henri Appelius, Dutch lawyer and politician (Minister of Finance), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1828)
  • 1770 David Thompson, English-Canadian explorer (Columbia River), born in Westminster, England (d. 1857)

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855)

German mathematician considered one of the greatest of all time (Gaussian distribution, fundamental theorem of algebra), born in Brunswick, Germany

  • 1790 John Cockerill, English-Belgian industrialist (founded iron, steel, and manufacturing company - John Cockerill & Company), born in Haslingden, Lancs, England (d. 1840)
  • 1797 Andreas Victor Michiels, Dutch military governor of West-Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1849)
  • 1803 Albrecht von Roon, Prussian soldier and statesman (Minister of War), born in Pleushagen, Poland (d. 1879)
  • 1805 William Kerley Strong, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1867)
  • 1812 Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel van Bathe (who claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell) (d. 1833)
  • 1823 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), born in Ardencaple Castle, Dunbartonshire (d. 1900)
  • 1830 Davis Tillson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1834 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, born in London (d. 1913)
  • 1853 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • 1857 Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (introduced the term schizophrenia to describe the disorder previously known as dementia praecox), born in Zollikon, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • 1858 Mary Dimmick Harrison, 1st lady (1889-1893) as second wife of the 23rd United States president Benjamin Harrison, born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1948)
  • 1864 Frans Netscher, Dutch writer and journalist (Studies of nude model), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • 1864 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), born in Allatzkiwwi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • 1865 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, born in Neuwaldegg, Austria (d. 1944)
  • 1869 Hans Poelzig, German architect (Grosses Schauspielhaus), born in Berlin (d. 1936)
  • 1874 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest and writer (Maria Magdalena - 1928), born in Ardooie, West Flanders, Belgium (d. 1949)
  • 1876 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), born in Augusta, Italy (d. 1937)
  • 1877 Alice B. Toklas, American-Parisian avant-garde and companion of Gertrude Stein, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1967)
  • 1882 Nine van de Schaaf, Dutch author (To the Invisible), born in Terhorne, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • 1888 John Crowe Ransom, American poet and critic (God Without Thunder), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1974)
  • 1891 Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik), born in Blije, Netherlands (d. 1966)

Joachim von RibbentropJoachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946)

Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, born in Wesel, Rhine Province, German Empire

  • 1895 Philippe Panneton, Canadian physician, diplomat and writer (Trente arpents), born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • 1896 Anandamayi Ma [Nirmala Sundari], Indian spiritual leader, born in Kheora, British India (now Bangladesh)
  • 1896 Hans List, Austrian scientist and inventor, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1996)
  • 1901 Simon Kuznets, American economist (Nobel 1971), born in Pinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1902 Theodore Schultz, American agricultural economist (1979 Nobel Prize for Economics for development economics), born in Arlington, South Dakota (d. 1998) [1]

John Peters HumphreyJohn Peters Humphrey (1905-1995)

Canadian jurist and human rights advocate (Universal Declaration on Human Rights), born in Hampton, New Brunswick

  • 1908 Bjarni Benediktsson, 13th Prime Minister of Iceland (1963-70), born in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 1970)
  • 1909 F. E. McWilliam [Frederick Edward], Northern-Irish surrealist sculptor (Four Seasons Group), born in Banbridge, County Down (d. 1992)
  • 1909 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands (1948-80), born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Luise Rinser, German writer (Prison Journal), born in Pitzling, Bavaria (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81) and Minister of Defense (1977-79), born in Madrid (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Bernard Charles Sendall, deputy director general of British Independent Television Authority (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Edith Fowke, Canadian folklorist, born in Lumsden, Saskatchewan, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Claude Shannon, American mathematician and information theorist (A Mathematical Theory of Communication), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Valeer van Kerkhove, Flemish writer (De Bungalow), born in Sleidinge, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • 1920 Tom Moore, English Captain knighted for raising £32 million for the NHS, born in Keighley, England (d. 2021)
  • 1921 Roger L. Easton, American scientist and inventor (GPS), born in Craftsbury, Vermont (d. 2014)
  • 1923 George Byatt, Scottish playwright (The Clyde Is Red) (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Joseph Howze, American Roman Catholic bishop, 1st African American Bishop to be appointed in 20th century, born in Daphne, Alabama (d. 2019)
  • 1926 Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool's Day), born in Marple, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1928 Hugh Hood, Canadian author (White Figure, White Ground), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2000)
  • 1930 Raoul de Keyser, Flemish painter, born in Deinze, Belgium (d. 2012)
  • 1931 Bill Clay, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1938 Larry Niven, American sci-fi author (5 Hugo, Neutron Star), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Pieter van Vollenhoven, husband of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, born in Schiedam, Netherlands
  • 1943 Bob Livingston, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Colorado Springs, Colorado
  • 1943 David King, British graphic designer (album covers for Jimi Hendrix and The Who), photographer (I Am King), and historian (The Commissar Vanishes), born in Isleworth, England (d. 2016)
  • 1943 Frederick Chiluba, 2nd President of Zambia (1991-2001), born in Kitwe, Northern Rhodesia (d. 2011)
  • 1944 Richard Shoff, American rocker (Sandpipers), born in Seattle
  • 1945 Annie Dillard, American writer (An American Childhood), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1945 Claude van de Berge, Flemish writer (Graph Theory), born in Assenede, Belgium
  • 1945 Michael J. Smith, American astronaut (51L-Challenger disaster), born in Beaufort, North Carolina (d. 1986)
  • 1945 Mimi Fariña, American rocker (Reflections in a Crystal Wind), born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2001)
  • 1946 Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (1973- ), born in Haga Palace, Solna, Sweden
  • 1947 Robert Scott, American politician, Rep-D-Virginia (1993-), born in Washington D.C.
  • 1947 Tom Køhlert, Danish former player and Brondby IF coach

António GuterresAntónio Guterres (73 years old)

1949 114th Prime Minister of Portugal (1995-2002) and 9th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2017-), born in Lisbon, Portugal

  • 1952 Tom Pesek, PC programmer (creator of HAL 9000 program)
  • 1955 Dimitra Papandreau, Greece, wife of Greek PM Andreas Papandreau
  • 1955 Nicolas Hulot, French journalist
  • 1957 Aviva Chomsky, American historian, daughter of Noam Chomsky
  • 1957 Duane G Carey, American major USAF/astronaut, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota

Stephen HarperStephen Harper (63 years old)

1959 22nd Prime Minister of Canada (2006-15), born in Toronto, Ontario

  • 1959 W. Thomas Smith, Jr, American author and columnist
  • 1960 David Miscavige, American cult leader
  • 1960 Kerry Healey, American politician

Tony FernandesTony Fernandes (58 years old)

1964 Malaysian businessman (AirAsia), born in Kuala Lumpur

  • 1970 Ken Stanton, American Radio Personality
  • 1971 Darren Emerson, English DJ (Underworld)
  • 1971 John Boyne, Irish novelist (The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1987 Nikki Webster, Australian entertainer
  • 1988 Molloko, 1st California condor chick conceived in captivity, born in San Diego Zoo (San Diego, California)

Jacob BlakeJacob Blake (31 years old)

1991 African-American man shot multiple times in the back and seriously injured by police officer Rusten Sheskey in Kenosha, Wisconsin, born in Evanston, Illinois

  • 1997 Ayaan Chawla, Indian entrepreneur