Birthdays in History on April 4

Person of interestCaracalla

188 Caracalla, Roman emperor (198-217), born in Lugdunum, Gaul (d. 217)

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Roman Emperor
Caracalla
  • 1492 Ambrosius Blarer, German reformer, born in Konstanz, Germany (d. 1564)
  • 1572 William Strachey, English writer ( early history of the English colonisation of North America), born in Saffron Walden, Essex (d. 1621)
  • 1593 Edward Nicholas, English statesman (Secretary of State to Charles I and Charles II), born in Winterbourne Earls, United Kingdom (d. 1669)
  • 1646 Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist, born in Rolot, France (d. 1715)
  • 1648 Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-born British sculptor and woodcarver, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1721)
  • 1688 Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer and cartographer, born in Paris (d. 1768)
  • 1718 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar, born in Totnes, Devon (d. 1783)
  • 1758 John Hoppner, English portrait painter, born in Whitechapel, London (d. 1810)
  • 1758 Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, French Romantic painter and draughtsman - allegorical paintings and portraits, born in Cluny, Saône-et-Loire (d. 1823)
  • 1772 Nachman of Breslov, Ukrainian founder of Breslov Hasidut, born in Międzybóż, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1810)
  • 1792 Thaddeus Stevens, US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R), born in Danville, Vermont (d. 1868)
  • 1802 Dorothea Dix, American social activist, born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1887)
  • 1809 Benjamin Pierce, American mathematician and astronomer (Peirce's criterion for outliers), born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1814 John Blair Smith Todd, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1872)
  • 1817 John Wilson Sprague, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in White Creek, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1818 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), born in Ballyroney, County Down, Ireland (d. 1883)
  • 1819 Queen Maria II of Portugal, Daughter of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, born in Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Kingdom of Brazil (d. 1853)
  • 1820 Charles Devens Jr, American lawyer, jurist, statesman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1821 Linus Yale Jr., American portrait painter and inventor (Yale cylinder lock), born in Salisbury, New York (d. 1868)
  • 1823 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), born in Gehrden, Hanover, Germany (d. 1883)
  • 1823 Robert Byington Mitchell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mansfield, Ohio (d. 1882)
  • 1826 Zénobe Gramme, Belgian electrical engineer (Gramme dynamo), born in Jehay-Bodegnée, Belgium (d. 1901)
  • 1828 Margaret Oliphant, Scottish novelist and biographer (Beleaguered City), born in Wallyford, Scotland (d. 1897)
  • 1831 Edward Cary Walthall, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • 1842 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), born in Amiens, France (d. 1891)
  • 1846 Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (Les Chants de Maldoror), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1870)
  • 1846 Raoul Pictet, Swiss physicist who invented liquid nitrogen and was a pioneer of cryogenics, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1929)
  • 1853 Tad Lincoln, youngest son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1871)
  • 1858 Remy de Gourmont, French poet, born in Bazoches-en-Houlmes, France (d. 1915)
  • 1866 George P Baker, American educator and playwright (47 Workshop), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1935)
  • 1870 George Albert Smith, American religious leader, 8th President of Mormon church, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1951)
  • 1876 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France (d. 1958)
  • 1880 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, born in Zara, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1881 Charles Earle Funk, American lexicographer (Funk & Wagnalls) (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Isoroku Yamamoto, Marshall Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet (WWII), born in Nagaoka, Niigata (d. 1943)
  • 1887 William Cumming Rose, American biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid), born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1985)
  • 1888 Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1975)
  • 1896 Robert Sherwood, American dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Idiot's Delight), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1955)
  • 1896 Tristan Tzara [Samuel Rosenfeld] Romanian-French poet (Approximate Man), born in Moinești, Romania (d. 1963)
  • 1902 Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French poet and author (Lutin Sauvage), born in Verrières-le-Buisson, Essonne, Paris (d. 1969)
  • 1902 Stanley G. Weinbaum, American sci-fi author (Martian Odyssey), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1935)
  • 1907 Nathan M. Pusey, American educator, 24th president of Harvard University (1953-71), born in Council Bluffs, Iowa (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American author (Cheaper by the Dozen), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Max Dupain, Australian photographer, born in Ashfield, Australia (d. 1992)
  • 1913 Jerome Weidman, American writer (Tenderloin), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1913 Jules Léger, Canadian diplomat and Governor General of Canada, born in Saint-Anicet, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1914 Gustave Camus, Belgian painter, born in Châtelet, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1914 John Beith, British diplomat, ambasador to Israel and Belgium (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Marguerite Duras, French novelist and playwright (Sea Wall), born in Saigon, French IndoChina (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Jan Drda, Czech writer (Nema Barikada, Mestecko Na Dlani), born in Příbram, Czech Republic (d. 1970)

  • 1915 Lars Ahlin, Swedish writer (My Death is My Own), born in Sundsvall, Sweden (d. 1997)
  • 1916 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) and Communist politician, born in Karan, Užice, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 2005)
  • 1917 Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist and rebel (barricade uprising), born in Guyotville, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1918 George Jellicoe, Earl Jellicoe, British naval commander and member of the House of Lords (1939-2007), born in Hatfield (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Willem J "Wim" the Villiers, South African minister of Administration
  • 1924 Chris Prater, English screenprinter, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1925 Claude Wagner, French-Canadian politician and judge, born in Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada (d. 1979)
  • 1925 Emmett Williams, American poet, born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 2007)
  • 1925 Mother Divine [Edna Rose Ritchings], cult leader of the International Peace Mission Movement, born in Vancouver (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Bob Stump, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona, born in Phoenix, Arizona (d. 2003)
  • 1929 William F. Clinger Jr., American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, born in Warren, Pennsylvania
  • 1931 Denis Frank Owen, British ecologist and natural historian, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Harold Volkmer, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri, born in Jefferson City, Missouri (d. 2011)
  • 1931 Bobby Ray Inman, American admiral and intelligence director, born in Rhonesboro, Texas
  • 1932 Richard Lugar, American politician, U. S. Senator from Indiana, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1933 Frits Bolkestein, Dutch politician (People's Party for Freedom and Democracy), born in Amsterdam
  • 1933 Robin Phillips, English multi-millionaire manufacturer (hand-dryer)
  • 1935 Lord Ichayra, secretary-general (British Banking Association)
  • 1935 Trevor Griffiths, English playwright (Absolute Beginners), born in Manchester
  • 1937 Ian St James, novelist (Balfour Conspiracy, Vengeance, Money Stones)
  • 1937 Hans van den Doel, Dutch politician and economist (PvdA), born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1938 Peter Attenborough, British headmaster (Charterhouse)
  • 1940 Bijan, Iranian mens apparel designer (Bijan), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 2011)
  • 1940 Robby Müller, Dutch cinematographer (Breaking the Waves, Dead Man, Korczak), born in Willemstad, Curaçao, Kingdom of the Netherlands (d. 2018)
  • 1940 Vladimir Timofeyevich Isakov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Zilair, Russia
  • 1942 Kitty Kelley, American journalist and author (Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra), born in Spokane, Washington
  • 1943 Ian Robertson, British museum director (National Army Museum)
  • 1944 Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician (Greens), born in Steenokkerzeel, Belgium
  • 1946 Katsuaki Sato, Japanese martial artist, founder and director of Satojuku Karate, born in Sakhalin, Japan
  • 1947 Wiranto, Indonesian army general (Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces), born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • 1948 Berry Oakley, American rocker and bass player (Allman Brothers Band), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1972)
  • 1948 Dan Simmons, American sci-fi and horror writer (Song of Kali), born in Peoria, Illinois
  • 1949 Shing-Tung Yau, Hong Kong-born American mathematician, born in Shantou, Guangdong Province, China
  • 1951 Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia, born in Kampong Cham, Cambodia
  • 1953 Robert Bertrand, Canadian politician (Liberal Party of Canada), born in Fort-Coulonge, Quebec, Canada
  • 1956 Lamen Khalifa Fhimah, Suk Giuma Libya, bomber (Pan Am Flight 103)
  • 1970 Mix Master Mike [Michael Schwartz], American turntablist, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1973 David Blaine, American magician and illusionist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1975 Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman (Louis Vuitton), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1975 Thobias Fredriksson, Swedish cross-country skier, born in Dals Rostock, Sweden
  • 1978 Sam Moran, Australian entertainer (The Wiggles), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1983 Angelle Tymon, American journalist and TV game show host (PlayMania Block), born in Lutcher, Louisiana
  • 2012 Grumpy Cat [Tardar Sauce], American cat internet celebrity, born in Morristown, Arizona