Birthdays in History on April 5

  • 1170 Isabella of Hainault, Queen of France (1180-90), born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1190)
  • 1288 Emperor Go-Fushimi, 93rd Emperor of Japan (1298-1301) (d. 1336)
  • 1472 Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, born in Pavia, Italy (d. 1510)
  • 1523 Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer, born in Saint-Pourçain, France (d. 1596)

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes (1588-1679)

English philosopher (Leviathan), born in Westport, England

  • 1604 Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (1624-75), born in Nancy, France (d. 1675)
  • 1622 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (Viviani's theorem), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1703)
  • 1626 Jan van Kessel, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1679)
  • 1643 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lorraine and Austrian fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1690)
  • 1649 Elihu Yale, English merchant and philanthropist (benefactor of Yale University), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1721)
  • 1732 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (The Swing), born in Paris (d. 1806)
  • 1761 Sybil Ludington, American revolutionary heroine (rode to alert militia), born in Kent, New York (d. 1839)
  • 1788 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1795 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), born in Bishopwearmouth, County Durham (d. 1857)
  • 1816 Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, born in Richmond, Kentucky (d. 1890)
  • 1818 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Perry, New York (d. 1907)
  • 1820 Nadar [Félix Tournachon], French photographer and balloonist, took the first aerial photograph, born in Paris (d. 1910)
  • 1822 James Nagle, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1866)
  • 1824 Sydney Thompson Dobell, English poet, born in Cranbrook, Kent (d. 1874)
  • 1825 David Rumph Jones, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Orangeburg, South Carolina (d. 1863)
  • 1827 Joseph Lister, British surgeon (pioneer of antiseptic surgery), born in Upton House, West Ham, England (d. 1912)
  • 1832 Jules Ferry, French statesman, born in Saint-Dié, France (d. 1893)
  • 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), born in London (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Alpheus Hyatt, American zoologist and paleontologist, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1902)
  • 1839 Robert Smalls, African-American congressman (1875-87), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1915)
  • 1845 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)

Booker T. WashingtonBooker T. Washington (1856-1915)

American education pioneer and 1st African American on a US stamp, born in Hale's Ford, Virginia

  • 1857 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria (1879-86), born in Verona, Lombardy–Venetia (d. 1893)
  • 1869 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, born in Chaplygin, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1871 Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer, born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1913)
  • 1872 Samuel Cate Prescott, American food scientist and microbiologist, born in South Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Hedwig Kohn, Jewish physics pioneer, born in Breslau, Province of Silesia (Poland) (d. 1964)
  • 1888 Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy officer (Captain of USS Arizona), Medal of Honor recipient, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1941)
  • 1899 William Hornby Steer, Conservative Party politician and barrister (d. 1993)
  • 1901 Alexander Alexeieff, Russian-French painter and graphic artist, born in Kazan, Russia (d. 1982)
  • 1901 Chester Bowles, American ambassador and writer (Conscience of a Liberal), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • 1906 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), born in Northwood, Middlesex (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Jan Zeldenrust, Dutch pathologist and anatomist, born in Gronigen, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Jagjivan Ram, Indian independence activist and politician, born in Chandwa, Bhojpur, Bihar, British India (d. 1986)
  • 1913 Father Alan Cheales, British Dominican priest (served 33 years at St Dominic's priory, London), born in Rhodesia, South Africa (now Zimbabwe) (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Baroness Delacourt-Smith of Alteryn [Margaret Rosalind Delacourt-Smith], British Labour politician, born in Newport, Wales (d. 2010)
  • 1916 Bernard Baily, American comic artist (co-creator of DC Comics), born in New York (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Robert Bloch, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Psycho), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1994)
  • 1919 Douglas Henley, British auditor-general, born in Beckenham, Kent (d. 2003)
  • 1919 Les Munro, New Zealand WWII pilot (Dambusters), born in Gisbourne (d. 2015)
  • 1920 Arthur Hailey, English novelist (Hotel, Airport), born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England (d. 2004)
  • 1920 Barend Biesheuvel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971-73), born in Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Patricia Ford, Lady Fisher, Irish politician and founder (British Women Caring Trust), born in Donaghadee, County Down, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1923 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher and economist (Marxist), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1995)

Nguyen Van ThieuNguyen Van Thieu (1923-2001)

President of South Vietnam (1965-75), born in Phan Rang, Vietnam

  • 1923 Stanley Orme, British Labour Party politician, born in Sale, Cheshire
  • 1924 Mart Kempers, Dutch graphic artist and sculptor, born in Enschede, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1927 John Gilbert, British politician and Minister (Labour), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Peter Moore, British academic (Professor of Statistics at London Business School) (d. 2010)
  • 1929 Hugo Claus, Belgian writer (Cool Lover, Sugar), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 2008)
  • 1931 Denis Lawton, director (London University Institute of Educ)
  • 1933 Barbara Holland, American author (The Joy of Drinking, Secrets of the Cat: Its Lore, Legend and Lives), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2010) [1]
  • 1934 Roman Herzog, President of Germany (1994-99), born in Landshut, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Tina Maria Stone, runner (1 year distance record of 15,472 miles)
  • 1935 Donald Lynden-Bell, British theoretical astrophysicist, born in Dover, Kent (d. 2018)
  • 1936 John Albert, professor (Master of University College Oxford)
  • 1936 John Kelly, Irish republican politician, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 2007)
  • 1936 Michael Livesay, British admiral, Royal Navy officer, born in Middlesbrough, North Riding, Yorkshire (d. 2003)
  • 1937 Allan R. Thieme, American inventor (first Power operated vehicle/scooter), born in Bridgeport, Michigan

Colin PowellColin Powell (1937-2021)

American General and 1st Black US Secretary of State (2001-05), born in Harlem, New York City [1]

  • 1937 Stuart May, senior partner (Theodore Goddard)
  • 1938 Nancy Holt, American artist (land art), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1939 Andrew Buxton, CEO (Barclays Bank)
  • 1944 Ann Maxwell, American sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1944 James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • 1944 Pedro Rosselló, Puerto Rican politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Puerto Rico, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1944 Peter T. King, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York, born in Manhattan, New York
  • 1946 Robert E McKee, CEO/managing director (Conoco-UK)
  • 1949 Judith Arlene Resnik, ast (STS 41D, 51L-Chal disaster), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1950 Franklin Chang-Diaz, Costa Rican-Chinese American NASA astronaut (STS 61C, 34,46,60,75, sk:91), born in San José, Costa Rica
  • 1951 Dean Kamen, American engineer and inventor (Segway), born in Long Island, New York
  • 1951 Roosevel Ferguson, Arkansas, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1954 Michael W Butler, computer programmer (created TODAY program)
  • 1955 Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan
  • 1955 Janice Long (née Chegwin), British radio host (Crash FM; BBC), born in Liverpool, Merseyside, England (d. 2021)
  • 1958 Cammie Lusko, Guinness' World Strongest Woman, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 Jim LeRoy, Airshow Pilot
  • 1967 Gary Gait, Canadian lacrosse player
  • 1969 Rochelle Walensky, American physician and medical researcher (Director of the CDC 2021-), born in Peabody, Massachusetts
  • 1981 Michael A. Monsoor, United States Navy SEAL killed in Iraq and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, born in Long Beach, California