On This Day

Birthdays in History on April 9

Person of interestTamerlane

1336 Tamerlane (Timur), Turkic conqueror and founder of the Timurid Dynasty, born in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan (d. 1405)

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
Tamerlane
  • 1498 John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman, born in Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine (d. 1550)
  • 1597 John Davenport, Puritan clergyman and cofounder of the New Haven Colony, born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1696)
  • 1648 Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat, born in Paris (d. 1720)
  • 1649 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1685)
  • 1680 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author, born in Tours, France (d. 1754)
  • 1686 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1721)
  • 1691 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • 1753 Pieter Paulus, Dutch Patriot and President of the First National Assembly in The Hague, born in Axel, Netherlands (d. 1786)
  • 1770 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), born in Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1831)
  • 1773 Étienne Aignan, French writer, born in Beaugency, France (d. 1824
  • 1785 Sibrandus Stratingh, Dutch physician and chemist (electric car), born in Adorp, Netherlands (d. 1841)
  • 1791 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), born in County Durham, England (d. 1858)

Person of interestIsambard Kingdom Brunel

1806 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (SS Great Britain, Great Western Railway), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 1859)

  • 1812 Randolph Barnes Marcy, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1887)

  • 1821 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), born in Paris, France (d. 1867)
  • 1826 Thomas Hewson Neill, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)
  • 1830 Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer, pioneer in study of motion, born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 1904)
  • 1835 Leopold II, King of Belgium (1865-1909), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1909)
  • 1848 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1851 C. E. A. Wichmann, German-Dutch geologist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1855 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • 1861 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), born in Potternewton, Leeds (d. 1917)
  • 1864 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical engineer and inventor, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

1865 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1867 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (Labour Party), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1941)
  • 1872 Léon Blum, Prime Minister of France (People's Front Government), born in Paris (d. 1950)
  • 1879 Gerald Kelly, British painter, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1946)
  • 1883 Frank King, American cartoonist (Gasoline Alley), born in Cashton, Wisconsin (d. 1969)
  • 1888 Sol Hurok, American theatrical impresario, born in Pogar, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • 1899 James Smith McDonnell, American aviator and engineer, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1980)
  • 1903 Gregory Pincus, American biologist and inventor (birth control pill), born in Woodbine, New Jersey (d. 1903)
  • 1903 Willem Pee, Belgian linguist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1986)

  • 1905 J. William Fulbright, American senator from Arkansas, known for opposition to the Vietnam War), born in Sumner, Missouri (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Hugh Gaitskell, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party), born in Kensington, London (d. 1963)
  • 1906 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian-French painter and author (Op Art), born in Pécs, Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Domenico Enrici, Roman Catholic Curia Archbishop, born in Cervasca, Italy (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Abraham Ribicoff, American politician, U.S. Senator from Connecticut, born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 1998)
  • 1911 Richard Arthur de Yarburgh-Bateson, 6th Lord Deramore, British architect, born in London (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Wilson Charles Geoffrey Baldwin, hero, born in Tendring, Essex (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Lew Kopelew, Russian author, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Richard Young, CEO (Boosey & Hawkes)
  • 1915 Daniel Johnson, Sr., Canadian politician, 20th Premier of Quebec, born in Danville, Quebec, Canada (d. 1968)
  • 1915 Bob Quinn, Australian Football Hall of Fame rover (All Australian captain 1947; SA captain 1945-47; Magarey Medal 1938, 45; Port Adelaide FC), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 2008)
  • 1917 Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and writer, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1965)
  • 1919 J. Presper Eckert, Jr., American engineer and co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1920 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • 1921 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, born in Munich (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Gerald Moverley, first Bishop of the Diocese of Hallam in Yorkshire, born in Bradford, England (d. 1996)
  • 1922 Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service, born in Reigate, Surrey (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Michael Richardson, British investment banker and advisor to Margaret Thatcher known as "Mr Privatisation", born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Tom Jackson, British union leader (Post Office), born in Leeds, West Yorkshire (d. 2003)
  • 1926 Graham Hills, English physical scientist and principal (Strathclyde University, England), born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Harris Wofford, American politician (Sen-D-Pennsylvania 1991-94), head of AmeriCorps, born in New York City (d. 2019)

Person of interestHugh Hefner

1926 Hugh Hefner, American magazine publisher and businessman (Playboy), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1926 Gerry Fitt, Northern Irish politician (Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party), born in Beechmount, Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Michael Ogden, British barrister (Ogden Tables), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Brian Cubbon, British senior civil servant, born in Lancashire, England (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Floyd Spence, American attorney and politician (Rep-R-SC, 1971-2001), born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 2001)
  • 1930 F. Albert Cotton, American chemist, born in Philadelphia Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Nathaniel Branden, Canadian-American psychotherapist, born in Brampton, Ontario, Canada (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Martin Rogers, director (Farmington Institute for Christian Studies)
  • 1931 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (26th Premier of New Brunswick), born in Hartland, New Brunswick (d. 1991)
  • 1932 Jim Fowler, American naturalist (Wild Kingdom), born in Albany, Georgia
  • 1932 Paul Krassner, American comic strip cartoonist (MAD Magazine) and founder (Yippies), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1932 Peter Moores, British businessman and director (Littlewoods), born in Lancashire, England (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Degtyaryov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Voronezh, Russia
  • 1933 Jacques Molicard, translator and navigator (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Richard Rose, American Professor of Public Policy (Strathclyde University), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1934 Bill Birch, New Zealand politician (38th Minister of Finance), born in Hastings, New Zealand
  • 1936 Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist and author of SCUM Manifesto who attempted to assassinate Andy Warhol in 1968, born in Ventnor City, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1936 Michael Somare, British foreign affairs minister (Paupa & New Guinea), born in Rabaul, Territory of New Guinea
  • 1937 Simon Brown, Baron Brown of Eaton-under-Heywood, Justice of the Supreme Court of the U.K.
  • 1937 Barrington J. Bayley, English sci-fi author (Collision Course), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2008)
  • 1938 Viktor Chernomyrdin, Russian politician (Prime Minister of Russia), born in Chernyy Otrog, Russia (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Vasily Dmitriyevich Shcheglov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Melovashka, Ukraine (d. 1973)
  • 1942 Earl Hilliard, American politician (Rep-D-Alabama), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1946 Philip Wright, English rocker (Paper Lace), born in St. Ann's, Nottingham
  • 1950 Kenneth Cockrell, American astronaut (STS 56, 69, 80), born in Austin, Texas
  • 1954 Iain Duncan Smith, British politician, Leader of the Conservative Party (2001-03), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1955 Joolz Denby, English poet and novelist, born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
  • 1955 Kate Heyhoe, American editor and food writer, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1957 Martin Margiela, Belgian fashion designer, born in Genk, Belgium
  • 1958 Nigel Slater, English cook and writer (The Observer), born in Wolverhampton, England
  • 1963 Marc Jacobs, American fashion designer (Marc Jacobs, Louis Vuitton), born in NYC, New York
  • 1964 Doug Ducey, American businessman and politician, Governor of Arizona (2015-), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • 1965 Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted mass murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1967 Alex Kahn, American visual and performance artist and co-founder of the arts ensemble Processional Arts Workshop
  • 1973 Spencer "Spenny" Rice, Canadian entertainer, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1974 Alexander Pichushkin, Russian serial killer (known as The Chessboard Killer and The Bitsa Park Maniac), born in Mytishchi, Moscow Oblast, Russia
  • 1980 Yoanna House, American model, born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1981 Eric Harris, American mass murderer (Columbine High School shooter), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 1999)
  • 1987 Sarah of Brunei, wife of Crown Prince of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Sultanate of Brunei
  • 1990 Marston Glenn Hefner, son of Hugh Hefner & Kimberley Conrad, born in Los Angeles, California