Birthdays in History on April 9

TamerlaneTamerlane (1336-1405)

Turko-Mongol conqueror who founded the Timurid Empire, born in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan

  • 1498 John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman, born in Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine (d. 1550)
  • 1597 John Davenport, Puritan clergyman and cofounder of the New Haven Colony, born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1696)
  • 1648 Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat, born in Paris (d. 1720)
  • 1649 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1685)
  • 1680 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author, born in Tours, France (d. 1754)
  • 1686 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1721)
  • 1691 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • 1753 Pieter Paulus, Dutch Patriot and President of the First National Assembly in The Hague, born in Axel, Netherlands (d. 1796)
  • 1770 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (Seebeck effect), born in Tallinn, Estonia, Russian Empire (d. 1831)
  • 1773 Étienne Aignan, French writer, born in Beaugency, France (d. 1824
  • 1785 Sibrandus Stratingh, Dutch physician and chemist (electric car), born in Adorp, Netherlands (d. 1841)
  • 1791 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), born in County Durham, England (d. 1858)

Isambard Kingdom BrunelIsambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859)

British engineer (SS Great Britain, Great Western Railway), born in Portsmouth, England

  • 1812 Randolph Barnes Marcy, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1821 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French poet and translator (Les Fleurs du mal), born in Paris, France (d. 1867)
  • 1826 Thomas Hewson Neill, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)
  • 1830 Eadweard Muybridge, English photographer, pioneer in study of motion, born in Kingston upon Thames, England (d. 1904)
  • 1835 Leopold II, King of Belgium (1865-1909), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1909)
  • 1848 Helene Lange, German feminist (honoured with the Grand Prussian State Medal), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1851 C. E. A. Wichmann, German-Dutch geologist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1855 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • 1861 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), born in Potternewton, Leeds (d. 1917)
  • 1864 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical engineer and inventor, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Erich LudendorffErich Ludendorff (1865-1937)

German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia

  • 1867 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (Labour Party), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1941)

Léon BlumLéon Blum (1872-1950)

Prime Minister of France (People's Front Government), born in Paris

  • 1879 Gerald Kelly, British painter, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1945)
  • 1883 Frank King, American cartoonist (Gasoline Alley), born in Cashton, Wisconsin (d. 1969)
  • 1888 Sol Hurok, American theatrical impresario, born in Pogar, Chernigov Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • 1899 James Smith McDonnell, American aviator and engineer, born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1980)
  • 1903 Gregory Pincus, American biologist and inventor (birth control pill), born in Woodbine, New Jersey (d. 1903)
  • 1903 Willem Pee, Belgian linguist, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1905 J. William Fulbright, American senator from Arkansas, known for opposition to the Vietnam War), born in Sumner, Missouri (d. 1995)

Faisal of Saudi ArabiaFaisal of Saudi Arabia (1906-1975)

King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

  • 1906 Hugh Gaitskell, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party), born in Kensington, London (d. 1963)
  • 1906 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian-French painter and author (Op Art), born in Pécs, Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Domenico Enrici, Roman Catholic Curia Archbishop, born in Cervasca, Italy (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Abraham Ribicoff, American politician, U.S. Senator from Connecticut, born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 1998)
  • 1911 Richard Arthur de Yarburgh-Bateson, 6th Lord Deramore, British architect, born in London (d. 2006)
  • 1912 Lew Kopelew, Russian author, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Wilson Charles Geoffrey Baldwin, hero, born in Tendring, Essex (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Richard Young, CEO (Boosey & Hawkes)
  • 1915 Bob Quinn, Australian Football Hall of Fame rover (All Australian captain 1947; SA captain 1945-47; Magarey Medal 1938, 45; Port Adelaide FC), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 2008)
  • 1915 Daniel Johnson, Sr., Canadian politician, 20th Premier of Quebec, born in Danville, Quebec, Canada (d. 1968)
  • 1917 Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and writer, born in Tilsit, East Prussia (d. 1965)
  • 1919 J. Presper Eckert, Jr., American engineer and co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1920 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • 1921 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, born in Munich (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Gerald Moverley, first Bishop of the Diocese of Hallam in Yorkshire, born in Bradford, England (d. 1996)
  • 1922 Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service, born in Reigate, Surrey (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Art Kane [Kanofsky], American art director (Seventeen Magazine), and portrait photographer (A Great Day In Harlem), born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • 1925 Michael Richardson, British investment banker and advisor to Margaret Thatcher known as "Mr Privatisation", born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Tom Jackson, British union leader (Post Office), born in Leeds, West Yorkshire (d. 2003)
  • 1926 Gerry Fitt, Northern Irish politician (Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party), born in Beechmount, Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Graham Hills, English physical scientist and principal (Strathclyde University, England), born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Harris Wofford, American politician (Sen-D-Pennsylvania 1991-94), head of AmeriCorps, born in New York City (d. 2019)

Hugh HefnerHugh Hefner (1926-2017)

American magazine publisher and businessman (Playboy), born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1926 Michael Ogden, British barrister (Ogden Tables), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Brian Cubbon, British senior civil servant, born in Lancashire, England (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Floyd Spence, American attorney and politician (Rep-R-SC, 1971-2001), born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 2001)
  • 1930 F. Albert Cotton, American chemist, born in Philadelphia Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Nathaniel Branden, Canadian-American psychotherapist, born in Brampton, Ontario, Canada (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Martin Rogers, director (Farmington Institute for Christian Studies)
  • 1931 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (26th Premier of New Brunswick), born in Hartland, New Brunswick (d. 1991)
  • 1932 Jim Fowler, American naturalist (Wild Kingdom), born in Albany, Georgia
  • 1932 Paul Krassner, American comic strip cartoonist (MAD Magazine) and founder (Yippies), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1932 Peter Moores, British businessman and director (Littlewoods), born in Lancashire, England (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Degtyaryov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Voronezh, Russia
  • 1933 Jacques Molicard, translator and navigator (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Richard Rose, American Professor of Public Policy (Strathclyde University), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1934 Bill Birch, New Zealand politician (38th Minister of Finance), born in Hastings, New Zealand
  • 1936 Michael Somare, British foreign affairs minister (Paupa & New Guinea), born in Rabaul, Territory of New Guinea
  • 1936 Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist and author of SCUM Manifesto who attempted to assassinate Andy Warhol in 1968, born in Ventnor City, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1937 Barrington J. Bayley, English sci-fi author (Collision Course), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2008)
  • 1937 Simon Brown, Baron Brown of Eaton-under-Heywood, Justice of the Supreme Court of the U.K.
  • 1938 Viktor Chernomyrdin, Russian politician (Prime Minister of Russia), born in Chernyy Otrog, Russia (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Vasily Dmitriyevich Shcheglov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Melovashka, Ukraine (d. 1973)
  • 1942 Earl Hilliard, American politician (Rep-D-Alabama), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1946 Philip Wright, English rocker (Paper Lace), born in St. Ann's, Nottingham
  • 1950 Kenneth Cockrell, American astronaut (STS 56, 69, 80), born in Austin, Texas
  • 1950 Pierre Gagnaire, French chef, born in Apinac, France
  • 1953 Dominique Perrault, French architect (National Library of France), born in Clermont-Ferrand, France
  • 1954 Iain Duncan Smith, British politician, Leader of the Conservative Party (2001-03), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1955 Joolz Denby, English poet and novelist, born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
  • 1955 Kate Heyhoe, American editor and food writer, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1957 Martin Margiela, Belgian fashion designer, born in Genk, Belgium
  • 1958 Nigel Slater, English cook and writer (The Observer), born in Wolverhampton, England
  • 1963 Marc Jacobs, American fashion designer (Marc Jacobs, Louis Vuitton), born in NYC, New York
  • 1964 Doug Ducey, American businessman and politician, Governor of Arizona (2015-), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • 1965 Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted mass murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1967 Alex Kahn, American visual and performance artist and co-founder of the arts ensemble Processional Arts Workshop
  • 1973 Spencer "Spenny" Rice, Canadian entertainer, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1974 Alexander Pichushkin, Russian serial killer (known as The Chessboard Killer and The Bitsa Park Maniac), born in Mytishchi, Moscow Oblast, Russia
  • 1976 Nikole Hannah-Jones, American journalist (Pulitzer Prize - The 1619 Project), born in Waterloo, Iowa
  • 1980 Yoanna House, American model, born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1981 Eric Harris, American mass murderer (Columbine High School shooter), born in Wichita, Kansas (d. 1999)
  • 1987 Sarah of Brunei, wife of Crown Prince of Brunei, born in Bandar Seri Begawan, Sultanate of Brunei
  • 1990 Marston Glenn Hefner, son of Hugh Hefner & Kimberley Conrad, born in Los Angeles, California