Birthdays in History on August 1

Person of interestClaudius

10 BC Claudius, Roman Emperor (41-54), born in Lugdunum, Gaul (d. 54AD)

Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
Claudius
  • 126 Publius Helvius Pertinax, Roman Emperor (Year of the Five Emperors), born in Alba Pompeia, Italia (d. 193)
  • 1313 Emperor Kōgon of Japan (Ashikaga Pretenders), 1st Northern Emperor (d. 1364)
  • 1377 Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan, 100th Emperor of Japan (d. 1433)
  • 1495 Jan van Scorel, Dutch painter and architect, born in Schoorl, Netherlands (d. 1562)
  • 1520 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1572)
  • 1545 Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer, born in Baldovie, Angus, Scotland (d. 1622)
  • 1555 Edward Kelley, British spirit medium and Renaissance occultist, born in Worcester, England (d. 1597)
  • 1579 Luís Vélez de Guevara, Spanish writer (El diablo cojuelo), born in Écija, Seville, Spain (d. 1644)
  • 1626 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, born in Ottoman Empire (d. 1676)
  • 1630 Thomas Clifford, English statesman (1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh), born in Ugbrooke, Devon, England (d. 1673)
  • 1642 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Feb 25, 1643]
  • 1713 Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1780)
  • 1714 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, born in Penegoes, Montgomeryshire, Wales (d. 1782)
  • 1738 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, born in Trois-Rivières, Guadeloupe, France (d. 1794)

Person of interestJean-Baptiste Lamarck

1744 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (Lamarckian evolution), born in Paris, France (d. 1829)

French Naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
French Naturalist
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
  • 1766 Jeffry Wyatville, English architect and garden designer (alterations and extensions to Chatsworth House and Windsor Castle), born in Burton upon Trent, England (d. 1840)

Person of interestWilliam Clark

1770 William Clark, American explorer, soldier, Indian agent and territorial governor who lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States, born in Ladysmith, Virginia (d. 1838)

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • 1779 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist, born in Bohlsbach, Swabia (d. 1851)
  • 1786 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • 1808 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1866)
  • 1809 William Barret Travis, American lawyer and soldier (commander at Battle of the Alamo), born in Saluda County, South Carolina (d. 1836)
  • 1814 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, born in Moscow (d. 1882)
  • 1814 Maxcy Gregg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1815 Richard Henry Dana Jr., American author (Two Years Before the Mast), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1882)
  • 1818 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), born in Nantucket, Massachusetts (d. 1889)

Person of interestHerman Melville

1819 Herman Melville, American author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd), born in NYC, New York (d. 1891)

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • 1837 Mother Jones [Mary Harris Jones], American labor organizer (cofounded Industrial Workers of the World), born in Cork City, Ireland (d. 1930)
  • 1843 Robert Todd Lincoln, American politician, lawyer, Captain (Union Army), son of President Abraham Lincoln, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1926)
  • 1858 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Oleśnica, Poland (d. 1922)
  • 1862 M. R. James, English scholar and author (Ghost Stories of an Antiquary), born in Goodnestone, Dover, Kent (d. 1936)
  • 1863 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), born in Aigues-Vives, France (d. 1937)
  • 1870 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares, born in Shchigry, Kursk Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • 1877 Charlotte Hughes, British supercentenarian (lived under the rule of 6 monarchs and 24 British Prime Ministers), born in Middlesbrough, England (d. 1993)
  • 1877 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch politician (SDAP), born in Willemstad, North Brabant (d. 1955)
  • 1881 Rose Macaulay, English writer (The Towers of Trebizond), born in Rugby, Warwickshire, England (d. 1958)
  • 1885 George de Hevesy, Hungarian radiochemist (Nobel 1943), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1966)
  • 1886 Isaac Keesing, Dutch publisher and founder (System Keesing), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • 1889 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • 1889 Walther Gerlach, German physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect), born in Biebrich, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1892 Constant Burniaux, Belgian writer (The Abandoned) and art historian (Temps Inquiets), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • 1895 Benjamin Mays, African-American educator (Morehouse, Howard University) and civil rights leader, born in Ninety Six, South Carolina (d. 1984)
  • 1902 Hendrik Johan Kruls, Dutch general and chief military authority (1944-46), born in Amsterdam (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Ruth Evelyn Mansfield, doctor (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Paul Horgan, American novelist (Mountain Standard Time), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1906 William Hayter, British diplomat and Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1953-57), born in Oxford, England (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Nigel Henderson, British Royal Navy admiral (d. 1993)
  • 1910 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist who covered the Spanish Civil War, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1937)
  • 1911 Ronald MacDonald, British major-general (WWII), born in Quetta, India (d. 2005)
  • 1911 Jackie Ormes, African-American cartoonist (Torchy Brown), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1985)
  • 1912 Bryan Keith-Lucas, British political scientist, born in Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire (d. 1996)

  • 1912 Masaya Hanai, Japanese businessman (d. 1995)
  • 1916 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska), born in Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1917 Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert (London School of Economics), born in Leeds, England (d. 2011)
  • 1918 Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist, born in Carmarthenshire (d. 1999)
  • 1919 Stanley Middleton, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men), born in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 2009)
  • 1920 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1951)
  • 1921 Vic Marshall, chemist (d. 1996)
  • 1922 Frank Hauser, British theatrical director (Oxford Playhouse), born in Cardiff (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Georges Charpak, Polish-French physicist who invented and developed subatomic particle detectors (Nobel 1992), born in Paris, France (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Ernst Jandl, Austrian writer (Otto's Pug), born in Vienna (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Burton Stein, American historian, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1996)
  • 1927 André Cools, Belgian Minister of Budget, born in Flémalle-Grande, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • 1927 Franklyn Perring, English botanist (co-author of Atlas of the British Flora, 1962), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1929 Ann Calvello, American roller derby queen, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Károly Grósz, Hungarian communist politician, born in Miskolc, Hungary (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist and anthropologist, born in Denguin, France (d. 2002)
  • 1931 Lucien Blackwell, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Whitsett, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Monty Losowsky, British physician and medical educator, born in London
  • 1932 Meir Kahane, American founder of the Jewish Defense League, born Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1933 Erwin Nypels, Dutch economist and Minister of Housing (D66), born in Bloemendaal, North Holland
  • 1933 Richard Lloyd Jones, British secretary (Welsh Office 1985–93)
  • 1933 Ko Un, South Korean poet, born in Gunsan, North Jeolla Province
  • 1936 Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer, born in Oran, French Algeria (d. 2008)
  • 1937 Al D'Amato, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from NY), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1939 Robert James Waller, American author (Bridges of Madison County), born in Charles City, Iowa (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Stephen Sykes, Church of England bishop, born in Bristol, England (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Ronald Harmon Brown, American politician (Democratic Party), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1996)
  • 1944 Elske ter Veld, Dutch politician (State Secretary for Social Affairs and Employment), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 2017)
  • 1944 Yury Romanenko, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 26, 38, TM-2), born in Koltubanka, Russia
  • 1945 Douglas Osheroff, American physicist (Nobel 1996), born in Aberdeen, Washington
  • 1946 Rick Boucher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia), born in Abingdon, Virginia
  • 1946 Richard O. Covey, American astronaut (STS 51I, 26, 38, 61) and USAF officer, born in Fayetteville, Arkansas
  • 1946 Tom Loeffler, American politician (member of the United States House of Representatives from central Texas), born in Fredericksburg, Texas
  • 1946 Fiona Stanley, Australian epidemiologist (Telethon Institute for Child Health Research), born in Little Bay, Sydney, Australia
  • 1947 Dennis Zine, American politician (Member of the Los Angeles City Council from the 3rd district), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1948 Bob Spink, British politician (MP for Castle Point in Essex), born in Haworth, Worth Valley, Yorkshire
  • 1948 Abdelmalek Sellal, Prime Minister of Algeria (2014 - present), born in Constantine, Algeria
  • 1949 Kurmanbek Bakiyev, 2nd President of Kyrgyzstan (2005-10), born in Masadan, Kyrgyzstan
  • 1950 Doug Tracht, American radio DJ (Greaseman), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1951 David Jasper, British theologian (University of Glasgow)
  • 1952 Zoran Đinđić, 6th Prime Minister of Serbia (2001-03), born in Bosanski Šamac, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 2003)
  • 1956 Tom Leykis, American radio personality (The Tom Leykis Show), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1961 Imad Khamis, Syrian politician and 67th Prime Minister of Syria (2016-present), born in Saqba, Syria
  • 1963 Koichi Wakata, Japanese astronaut (STS 72, sk: 92), born in Ōmiya, Saitama, Japan
  • 1963 Amber Rudd, British politician, Home Secretary (2016-18), born in London, England
  • 1966 James St. James, American author and nightlife personality, born in Saginaw, Michigan
  • 1976 Ivan Duque Márquez, Colombian politician, President of Colombia (2018-), born in Bogotá, Colombia