Birthdays in History on August 12

Christian IIIChristian III (1503-1559)

King of Denmark (1534-59) and Norway (1537-59), born in Gottorf Castle, Schleswig, Denmark

  • 1566 Isabella Clara Eugenia, Sovereign of the Netherlands (1598-1621), born in Palacio de Valsaín, Segovia, Spain (d. 1633)
  • 1592 Willem earl of Nassau-Siegen, Dutch gov (Fort Emmerik/Heusden)
  • 1604 Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1651)
  • 1629 Tsar Alexei I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1647 Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (d. 1719)
  • 1686 John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)
  • 1744 Rowland Hill, preacher
  • 1753 Thomas Bewick, England, artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables)
  • 1762 George IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover (1820-30), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1830)
  • 1774 Robert Southey, English writer (The Story of the Three Bears), Poet Laureate (1813-43) and biographer (Nelson), born in Bristol, England (d. 1843)
  • 1778 Francis Horner, politician
  • 1781 Robert Mills, American architect (Washington Monument)
  • 1819 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Oliver Mowat, a founder of the Canadian Confederation
  • 1829 John Horace Forney, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • 1832 Hely Hutchinson Almond, Scottish politician, doctor and early ruby umpire, born in Glasgow
  • 1833 William Price Sanders, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Frankfort, Kentucky (d. 1863)
  • 1848 Macellus Emants, Dutch writer/poet (Along the Nile)
  • 1849 Abbott Handerson Thayer, painter/naturalist
  • 1852 Fr. Michael J. McGivney, Irish-American Catholic priest, and founder the Knights of Columbus fraternal organization, born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1890)
  • 1854 Alfred Gilbert, sculptor/goldsmith
  • 1856 "Diamond Jim" Brady, American financier (d. 1917)
  • 1859 Katharine Lee Bates, American author (America the Beautiful), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts (d. 1929)
  • 1866 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel 1922)
  • 1867 Edith Hamilton, American writer (Mythology)
  • 1868 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1872 Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1956)
  • 1876 Mary Roberts Rinehart, American mystery writer (The Circular Staircase), born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • 1880 Marguerite "John" Radclyffe-Hall, author
  • 1883 Jan Schouten, Dutch co-founder (Daily Trouw)/chairman (ARP)
  • 1884 Frank Arthur Swinnerton, English novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary)
  • 1885 Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger (1887-1961)

Austrian physicist and Nobel Laureate (wave mechanics), born in Vienna, Austria

  • 1888 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder (AVRO)
  • 1889 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Otto (von) Struve, German/US dir (Yerkes/MacDonald observatory)
  • 1899 Alfred Kantorowicz, German historian (Spanish Diary)
  • 1903 Frances Clode, CEO (WRVS)

Alexei NikolaevichAlexei Nikolaevich (1904-1918)

son of Tsar Nicholas II, and last Tsarevich of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire

  • 1904 Frank Ervin, harness racer (Hambletonian 1959, 66)
  • 1907 James Herbert Lloyd Morrell, bishop
  • 1907 Miguel Torga [Adolfo Correia da Rocha], Portuguese writer (O Quarto Dia da Criação do Mundo), born in São Martinho de Anta, Portugal (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Lord Renton, QC/British government minister
  • 1909 Maurice Heath, air marshal
  • 1909 Richard Bare, American director
  • 1910 Baroness Phillips, pres/general secretary (National Association of Women)
  • 1910 Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (d. 1970)
  • 1914 Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • 1914 [Hendrik] Jan Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist (Parool)
  • 1917 Douglas Gunsekera, banker

Guy GibsonGuy Gibson (1918-1944)

British aviator who led the Dambusters Raid (Victoria Cross), born in Simla, India

  • 1918 Margaret Burbidge, British-American astronomer & educator, born in Davenport, England
  • 1919 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright
  • 1919 Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • 1920 Percy Mayfield, American singer (Please Send Me Someone to Love)
  • 1921 Patrick Howard-Dobson, president (Royal British Legion)
  • 1922 Andre Kloos, Dutch trade union leader (NVV/VARA)
  • 1922 Lord Colinbrook, British government minister
  • 1924 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, leader of Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • 1925 Dale Bumpers, American politician (Sen-D Arkansas, 1975-99), born in Charleston, Arkansas (d. 2016)
  • 1925 George Wetherill, American scientist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2006)
  • 1925 Norris McWhirter, English author (founded Guinness Book of World Records), born in Winchmore Hill, England (d. 2004)
  • 1925 Robin Nicholson, English metallurgist, born in Warwickshire, England
  • 1925 Ross McWhirter, English author (founded Guinness Book of World Records), born in Winchmore Hill, England (d. 1975)
  • 1926 Wallace Markfield, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Charles Blackman, Australian artist

George SorosGeorge Soros (92 years old)

1930 Hungarian-American investor and political activist (Open Society Foundation), born in Budapest, Hungary

  • 1930 Jacques Tits, Belgian mathematician
  • 1930 Ronald James Herron, architect
  • 1932 Charlie O'Donnell, American game show announcer (Wheel of Fortune), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1932 Queen Ferekit, of Thailand (Queens Day)
  • 1934 Kenneth Eaton, Controller (British Navy)
  • 1935 Karl Mickel, German writer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1936 Geoff Hamilton, gardner/journalist
  • 1936 Hans Haacke, artist (Right to Life, Dripper Boxes), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1936 John Poindexter, US Chief of Staff
  • 1937 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, (d. 2014)
  • 1938 Anthony Joliffe, mayor of London
  • 1938 Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • 1939 Roy Romanow, Canadian politician
  • 1939 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), born in Biratnagar, Morang (d. 2016)
  • 1941 Réjean Ducharme, Quebec novelist and playwright
  • 1948 Graham Zellick, principal (Queen Mary & Westfield College London)
  • 1949 Anthony Akerman, South Africa, director
  • 1949 Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil (1990-92)
  • 1949 Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek politician
  • 1951 Charles E Brady Jr, Pinehurst NC, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 78)
  • 1951 Willie Horton, American murderer and rapist

François HollandeFrançois Hollande (68 years old)

1954 24th President of France (Socialist: 2012-17), born in Rouen, France

  • 1955 Ann M. Martin, American author
  • 1962 Miss Cleo [Youree Dell Harris], American psychic (Psychic Readers Network), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1970 Anthony Swofford, American novelist
  • 1972 Takanohana, Sumo yokozuna
  • 1973 Richard Reid, British terrorist, referred to as the "shoe bomber" - attempted to detonate explosives hidden in his shoe while flying from Paris to Miami in 2001
  • 1973 Sayyed Muqtada al-Sadr, Iranian Shia cleric, son of Ayatollah Mohammad al-Sadr, born in Najaf, Iran