Birthdays in History on August 13

  • 582 Arnulf of Metz, French bishop and saint, born in Lay-Saint-Christophe, France (d. 640)
  • 1311 King Alfonso XI of Castile and Leon, born in Salamanca. Spain (d. 1350)

William CaxtonWilliam Caxton (c. 1422-1491)

English printer and translator, 1st to print in the English language (Histories of Troy), born in Kent, England [birth date disputed]

  • 1584 Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician, born in Saffron Waldon, Essex, England (d. 1640)
  • 1617 Johannes Andreas Quenstedt, German Lutheran theologian, born in Quedlinburg, Germany (d. 1688)
  • 1625 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, born in Roskilde, Denmark (d. 1698)
  • 1662 Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician, born in Wiltshire, England (d. 1748)
  • 1666 William Wotton, English theologian and scholar, born in Wrentham, Suffolk (d. 1727)
  • 1699 John Dyer, British poet, born in Aberglasney, Wales (Baptism date)
  • 1700 Heinrich von Brühl, German statesman, born in Gangloffsömmern, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1763)
  • 1717 Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French nobleman and military leader, born in Paris (d. 1776)
  • 1748 Pieter L. van de Kasteele, Dutch politician and patriot, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1810)
  • 1752 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, born in Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna (d. 1814)
  • 1764 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers, French general, born in Paris (d. 1813)
  • 1790 William Wentworth, Australian explorer and politician, born in Norfolk Island (d. 1872)
  • 1792 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1849)
  • 1802 Nikolaus Lenau, Hungarian-German poet (Faust, Die Albigenser), born in Lenauheim, Banat, Romania (d. 1850)
  • 1803 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher & writer, born in Moscow (d. 1869)
  • 1814 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (Spectroscopy), born in Lögdö, Medelpad, Sweden (d. 1874)
  • 1818 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), born in West Brookefield, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • 1819 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist and mathematician (spectroscope), born in Skreen, County Sligo, Ireland (d. 1903)
  • 1820 George Grove, English biblical scholar and misicographer, born in Clapham, London (d. 1900)
  • 1820 Joseph Alberdingk Thijm, Dutch poet (Dietsche Warande), born in Amsterdam (d. 1889)
  • 1823 Goldwin Smith, English historian and journalist, born in Reading, Berkshire (d. 1910)
  • 1851 Felix Adler, German-American educator of political and social ethics, born in Alzey, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Germany (d. 1933)

Annie OakleyAnnie Oakley (1860-1926)

American sharp shooter (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), born in North Star, Ohio

  • 1866 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian businessman and founder of Fiat (Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili Torino) Automaker, born in Villar Perosa, Italy (d. 1945)
  • 1867 William Alexander Craigie, Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur), born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1957)
  • 1871 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1872 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1942)
  • 1878 Salomon "Sam" de Wolff, Dutch zionist and socialist theorist, born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1881 Jacqueline Reyneke van Stuwe, Dutch author, born in Muntok, Indonesia (d. 1955)
  • 1885 C. Howard Crane, American architect (Fox Theatres; Detroit Olympia Stadium; Detroit Opera House; LeVeque Tower (Columbus, Ohio); Earls Court Exhibition Centre (London, England)), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1952)
  • 1886 Jacobus Hendrik Pierneef, South African painter, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1957)
  • 1887 Julius Freed [Fried], American namesake and co-founder of Orange Julius fast food chain, born in Montana (d. 1952)
  • 1888 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor, born in Smolensk, Russia (d. 1975)

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird (1888-1946)

Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland

  • 1889 Camillien Houde, French Canadian politician and Mayor of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1958)
  • 1890 [Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe, African American advocate in Virginia, born in Warwick, County, Virginia (d. 1974)
  • 1894 Ferdinand Sassen, Dutch philosopher and director, born in Lugano, Switzerland (d. 1971)
  • 1902 Alan Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury, British business executive, born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1902 Felix Wankel, German inventor (Wankel rotary-piston engine), born in Lahr, Germany (d. 1988)
  • 1904 Humphrey Waldock, British lawyer (UN International Law Commission, 1961-72), and jurist (European Court of Human Rights, 1966-74; International Court of Justice, 1973-81), born in Colombo, Ceylon (d. 1981)
  • 1907 Basil Spence, British architect, born in Bombay, India (d. 1976)
  • 1911 James Benton Parson, American judge, 1st African American federal judge, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1993)
  • 1911 William Bernbach, American advertising creative director, born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • 1912 Metten Koornstra, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Salvador Luria, Italian-American microbiologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 1969 genetic structure of viruses), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Albert Oram, Baron Oram, British Labour politician, born in Winchester, England (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Makarios III [Michail Moeskos], Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, born in Panayia, Paphos, Cyprus (d. 1977)
  • 1918 Denis Smallwood, British air chief marshal, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (worked out structure of insulin, developed Sanger sequencing to sequence complete genome, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), born in Rendcomb, Gloucestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1918 John Bunting, Australian diplomat and senior civil servant, born in Ballarat, Victoria (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Louis Frémaux, French conductor (Monte-Carlo Philharmonic, 1956-65; City of Birmingham Symphony, 1969-78; Sydney Symphony, 1979-82), born in Aire-sur-la-Lys, France (d. 2017)
  • 1924 John Milne, British CEO (Blue Circles Industries), born in Manchester, England

Fidel CastroFidel Castro (1926-2016)

Cuban revolutionary, Prime Minister (1959-76) and President (1976-2008), born in Birán, Holguin Province

  • 1929 Michael Beavis, British deputy Commanding-in-Chief (Allied Forces Central Europe) (d. 2020)
  • 1931 Roy Evans, British trade unionist and General Secretary (British Iron & Steel Trade Confederation), born in Pontarddulais, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1933 Jocelyn Elders, 15th US Surgeon General (1993-94) 1st African American holder, born in Schaal, Arkansas
  • 1935 Rod Hull, British entertainer, born on Isle of Sheppey, Kent (d. 1999)
  • 1939 Saul Steinberg, American businessman, founder of Leasco and CEO of Reliance Insurance Company, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Ann Armstrong Dailey, American founder (Children's Hospice International), born in San Francisco, California

Hissène HabréHissène Habré (1942-2021)

Dictator of Chad (1982-90) and convicted war criminal, born in Faya-Largeau, Chad, French Equatorial Africa [1]

  • 1942 Robert Lee Stewart, American Brigadier General and astronaut (STS 41B, 51J), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Yuri Fedorovich Isaulov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Omsk, Russia
  • 1945 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), born in Kenfig Hill, Wales (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Lars Engqvist, Swedish politician (Minister of Health and Social Affairs), born in Sala, Sweden

Janet YellenJanet Yellen (76 years old)

1946 American economist and Chair of the US Federal Reserve (2014-18), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1947 Margareta Winberg, Swedish politician (Minister of Gender Equality), born in Sjuntorp, Sweden
  • 1948 Mosiuoa Lekota, South African UDF/ANC leader, born in Kroonstad, South Africa
  • 1949 Peter Visclosky, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana, 1985-2021), born in Gary, Indiana
  • 1952 Herb Ritts, American fashion photographer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2002)
  • 1952 Tom Marino, American politician (Rep-R-Pennsylvania 2011-2019), born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania
  • 1953 Kristalina Georgieva, Bulgarian economist, Head of the IMF (2019-), born in Sofia, Bulgaria
  • 1954 Lincoln Díaz-Balart, Cuban-American attorney and politician (Rep-R-Florida), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1958 Domenico Dolce, Italian fashion designer (Dolce & Gabbana), born in Polizzi Generosa, Italy
  • 1958 Randall Shughart, American soldier and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Lincoln, Nebraska (d. 1993)
  • 1961 Tom Perrotta, American novelist (Little Children), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1962 Lady Bunny [Jon Ingle], American drag queen, promoter and founder of the annual Wigstock event, born in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • 1967 Amélie Nothomb, Belgian writer (Fear and Trembling), born in Kobe, Japan
  • 1970 Will Clarke, American novelist (The Neon Palm of Madame Melançon), born in Shreveport, Louisiana
  • 1972 Kevin Plank, American entrepreneur (Under Armour), born in Kensington, Maryland
  • 1973 Kamila Shamsie, Pakistani British writer (Home Fire), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1973 Molly Henneberg, American journalist (Fox News Channel)
  • 1977 Karine Jean-Pierre, American political operative (1st Black and LGBTQ White House Press Secretary 2022-), born in Fort-de-France, Martinique
  • 1979 Taizō Sugimura, Japanese politician, born in Asahikawa, Hokkaidō
  • 1982 Ibram X. Kendi, American author and antiracist activist, born in Queens, New York
  • 1982 Sarah Huckabee Sanders, American political operative and politician (Trump White House Press Secretary 2017-19, 1st Female Governor of Arkansas 2023-), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • 1992 Katharine Close, American Scripps National Spelling Bee champion (2006)