On This Day

Birthdays in History on August 14

  • 1297 Emperor Hanazono, 95th Emperor of Japan (d. 1348)
  • 1473 Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, born in Farleigh Hungerford Castle, Somerset, England (d. 1541)
  • 1479 Princess Catherine of York, 9th child and sixth daughter of King Edward IV by his wife Elizabeth Woodville, born in Eltham Palace, Greenwich, England (d. 1527)
  • 1552 Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian and statesman, born in Venice (d. 1623)
  • 1575 Robert Hayman, English poet, born in Wolborough, Newton Abbot, Devon (d. 1629)
  • 1586 William Hutchinson, Rhode Island colonist, born in Alford, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1642)
  • 1599 Méric Casaubon, French-English classical scholar, born in Geneva (d. 1671)
  • 1625 François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris, born in Paris (d. 1695)
  • 1626 Daniel Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, born in Leiden, Zuid-Holland, Netherland (d. 1680)
  • 1642 Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1723)
  • 1653 Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (d. 1688)
  • 1687 Johan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange and monarch of Nassau-Dietz, born in Dessau, Anhalt (d. 1711)
  • 1688 Frederik Willem I, King of Prussia (bodyguard of giants), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1740)
  • 1714 Claude-Joseph Vernet, French painter, born in Avignon, France (d. 1789)
  • 1727 Henriette-Anne of France, twin daughter of king Louis XV, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1752)
  • 1727 Louise Élisabeth of France, twin daughter of king Louis XV, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1759)

  • 1737 Charles Hutton, English mathematician and surveyor, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1823)
  • 1742 Pius VII [Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti], Italian bishop of Imola and Pope (1800-23), born in Cesena, Italy (d. 1823)
  • 1758 Carle Vernet, French painter and lithographer, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1836)

Person of interestHans Christian Ørsted

1777 Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist and chemist (View of Chemical Law), born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1851)

Physicist, Chemist Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist, Chemist
Hans Christian Ørsted
  • 1777 Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Naples, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1830)
  • 1784 Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal and diplomat, born in Rome (d. 1845)
  • 1802 Letitia Elizabeth Landon, English poet (Heath's Book of Beauty), born in Chelsea, London (d. 1838)
  • 1814 Henry Hayes Lockwood, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kent County, Delaware (d. 1899)
  • 1817 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Minisink, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1821 Clement H. Stevens, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • 1824 William Terry, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Amherst County, Virginia (d. 1888)
  • 1836 Walter Besant, English writer and philanthropist (Rebel Queen), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire (d. 1901)
  • 1840 Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Austro–German psychiatrist and author (Psychopathia Sexualis), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1842 Henry Duff Traill, British author and journalist (The Marquis of Salisbury), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1900)
  • 1847 Robert Comtesse, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1899-1912), born in Valangin, Sweden (d. 1922)

Person of interestDoc Holliday

1851 Doc Holliday, American gambler, dentist and gunfighter (Gunfight at the O.K. Corral), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 1887)

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1860 Ernest T. Seton, naturalist, painter and author (Buffalo Wind-1938), born in South Shields, Durham, England (d. 1946)
  • 1861 Bion J. Arnold, American electrical engineer and inventor, born in Casnovia, Michigan (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (Prime number theorem), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1962)

  • 1867 John Galsworthy, English author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England (d. 1933)
  • 1874 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist and nationalist activist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1908)
  • 1876 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1903)
  • 1876 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • 1878 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Aage og Else), born in Vejle, Denmark (d. 1918)
  • 1882 Gisela Richter, English art historian, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1883 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially fertilization and cell division, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1941)

Person of interestJohn Logie Baird

1888 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 1946)

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • 1901 James Pitman, British educator and spelling reformer (Alphabets and Reading: The Initial Teaching Alphabet) (d. 1985)
  • 1903 John Ringling North, American circus director (Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus from 1937-43), born in Baraboo, Wisconsin (d. 1985)
  • 1903 Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
  • 1905 Nicolás Cotoner, 23rd Marquess of Mondéjar, Spanish nobleman and military officer, born in Palma de Mallorca, Spain (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Jean Knox, Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service (1941-43) (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Ethel Lois Payne, American civil rights journalist and "1st Lady of the Black Press", born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Pieter Platteel, Dutch civil servant and last governor Neth New Guinea, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Eva Strittmatter, German writer (Tinko), born in Spremberg, Niederlausitz, Germany (d. 1930)
  • 1915 Victor Mishcon, Baron Mishcon, British solicitor and a Labour politician, born in London (d. 2006)
  • 1915 B.A. Santamaria, Australian political activist and journalist, born in Melbourne (d. 1998)
  • 1926 Alice Adams, American author (Beautiful Girl), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Lord Whaddon, CEO (Daltrade & Skorimpex-Rind), born in Sale, Cheshire (d. 2005)
  • 1928 Laurens van Deenen, Dutch biochemist, born in Maastricht, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1929 Hewlett Thompson, Bishop of Exeter
  • 1929 Louise Slaughter, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Lynch, Kentucky (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Oliver Neville, principal (Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts)
  • 1929 Thomas Meehan, American writer (Annie, The Producers, Hairspray), born in Ossining, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Gerald Solomon, American businessman and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Okeechobee, Florida (d. 2001)
  • 1930 Lord Chorley, mountaineering enthusiast
  • 1931 Frederic Raphael, American-British writer (After the War, California Time), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1931 Marylyn Roberts, librarian/founding member (WIC)
  • 1932 James V. Hansen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Lee Hoffman, American author (The Valdez Horses), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Richard R. Ernst, Swiss physical chemist (Nobel 1991 -techniques for high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy), born in Winterthur, Switzerland
  • 1933 Bryce Courtenay, Australian novelist (The Power of One), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 2012)
  • 1934 Robin McLaren, British ambassador (China)
  • 1938 Niara Sudarkasa [Gloria Albertha Marshall], American educator and anthropologist (Lincoln College), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida (d. 2019)
  • 1940 Judith Kazantzis, English poet and feminist, born in Oxford, England (d. 2018)
  • 1943 Jon Andrew McBride, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 41G), born in Charleston, West Virginia
  • 1943 Keith Hampson, British politician (C), arrested, not charged for sexual assault
  • 1945 Jennifer d'Abo, British entrepeneur (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
  • 1946 Alexander Curly [Harm Breemer], Dutch artist, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1946 Marga van Praag, Dutch radio hostess, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Person of interestDanielle Steel

1947 Danielle Steel, American author (Rememberance, Zoya, Star, Daddy), born in New York City, New York

Novelist Danielle Steel
Novelist
Danielle Steel
  • 1949 John Tarrant, 1st Australian born Zen teacher, born in Tasmania, Australia

Person of interestGary Larson

1950 Gary Larson, American cartoonist (Far Side), born in Tacoma, Washington

Cartoonist Gary Larson
Cartoonist
Gary Larson
  • 1952 Mark C. Lee, American NASA astronaut (STS 30, 47, 64, 82, sk: 98), born in Viroqua, Wisconsin
  • 1953 Cliff Johnson, American computer game author, born in Hanover, New Hampshire
  • 1954 Monica Baltodano, Nicaraguan Sandinista Revolution commander, born in Leon, Nicaragua
  • 1962 Mark Robert Isfeld, Canadian soldier and United Nations peacekeeper, born in Zweibrücken, Germany
  • 1964 Brannon Braga, American scriptwriter, born in Bozeman, Montana
  • 1968 Billy Mavreas, Greek-Canadian cartoonist
  • 1969 DJ Uncle Al, American hip-hop DJ, born in Miami, Florida (d. 2001)
  • 1972 Jay Manuel, Canadian make-up artist, born in Springfield, Illinois