Birthdays in History on August 15

  • 1171 Alfonso IX, King of León and Galicia (1188-1230), born in Zamora (d. 1230)
  • 1195 Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1231)
  • 1432 Luigi Pulci, Italian poet (Morgante), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1484)
  • 1575 Bartol Kašić, Croatian writer and linguist, born in Pag, Croatia (d. 1650)
  • 1613 Gilles Ménage, French scholar, born in Angers, France (d. 1692)
  • 1619 Hubertus Quellinus, Flemish cartoonist and painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1687)
  • 1702 Francesco Zuccarelli, Italian rococo painter and etcher, born in Pitigliano, Italy (d. 1788)
  • 1717 Blind Jack [John Metcalf], English 1st professional roadbuilder, born in Knaresborough, Yorkshire, England (d. 1810)
  • 1740 Matthias Claudius, German poet, born in Reinfeld, Duchy of Holstein (d. 1815)

Napoléon BonaparteNapoléon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

French military leader and Emperor of the French (1804-14, 1815), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, France

  • 1771 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Rob Roy), born in College Wynd, Edinburgh Scotland (d. 1832)
  • 1776 Gottlieb Schick, German painter (Apollo under the Hirten), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1812)
  • 1782 Henri de Mérode, Belgian revolutionary (Souvenirs), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1847)
  • 1785 Thomas De Quincey, English writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater), born in Manchester (d. 1859)
  • 1788 Carel Sirardus Willem van Hogendorp, Dutch colonial director, born in Cossimbazar, British East India (d. 1856)
  • 1794 Elias M. Fries, Swedish botanist (System mycologicum), born in Femsjö, Sweden (d. 1878)
  • 1798 Sangolli Rayanna, Indian military chief warrior, born in Karnataka, India (d. 1831)
  • 1803 James Douglas 'The Father of British Columbia' British Columbian fur trader and politician (1st Governor of British Columbia 1858-64), born in Demerara, Guyana (d. 1877)
  • 1810 Louise Colet, French Romantic poet who had an affair with Gustave Flaubert, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1876)
  • 1813 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic, born in Mont-sous-Vaudrey, France (d. 1891)
  • 1822 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1847) [1]
  • 1823 Orris Sanford Ferry, American lawyer, politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bethel, Connecticut (d. 1875)
  • 1856 J. Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and 1st Labour representative in British Parliament, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1857 Albert Ballin, German inventor and shipping tycoon, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1860 Florence Harding [DeWolfe], US 1st lady (1921-23), born in Marion, Ohio (d. 1924)
  • 1860 Roosje Vos, Dutch seamstress, and trade union leader, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1863 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • 1865 Johan Bernard Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga), born in Heerenveen, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Louisa Aldrich-Blake, British pioneering surgeon, born in Chingford, Essex (d. 1925)
  • 1865 Mikao Usui, Japanese founder of Reiki (form of spiritual practice), born in Gifu Prefecture, Japan (d. 1926)
  • 1872 Shri Aurobindo [Aurobindo Ghose], Indian guru and nationalist, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1950)
  • 1874 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, born in Valkininkai, Lithuania (d. 1958)
  • 1876 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • 1878 Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), born in Novalexandrovsk, Kovno Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1928)
  • 1881 Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist, born in Görlitz, Imperial Germany (d. 1956)
  • 1883 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, born in Vrpolje, Croatia (d. 1962)
  • 1885 Edna Ferber, American author and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), born in Kalamazoo, Michigan (d. 1968)
  • 1890 Elizabeth Bolden, American Supercentenarian (oldest verified person in the world at the time of her death), born in Somerville, Tennessee (d. 2006)
  • 1890 Elvin M. Jellinek, American Physiologist and pioneer in the study of alcoholism, born in NYC, New York
  • 1892 Louis Victor de Broglie, French quantum physicist (studied electrons, Nobel Prize for Physics, 1929), born in Dieppe, France (d. 1987)

Harlow CurticeHarlow Curtice (1893-1962)

President of General Motors (1953-58), born in Petrieville, Michigan

  • 1893 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer, born in Pukekohe, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1896 Catherine Doherty, Russian-born Canadian activist, born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1985)
  • 1898 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), born in Zhmerynka, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • 1898 Lillian Carter, US President Jimmy Carter's (1977-1981) mom, born in Richland, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • 1901 Arias Arnulfo, 3 time president of Panama (1940-41, 49-51, 68), born in Penonomé, Coclé, Panama (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Hans Lorbeer, German writer and politician, born in Lutherstadt, Wittenberg, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1901 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (group theory), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Jan Campert, Dutch resistance fighter and poet (Song the 18 dead), born in Spijkenisse, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • 1907 Paul Vincze, Jewish-Hungarian designer of coins and medal, born in Galgagyörk, Hungary (d. 1994)
  • 1909 Raymond O'Malley, English teacher " the most cantankerous teacher of English in modern times" and writer (One-House Farm) (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Josef Klaus, Austrian conservative politician (Minister of Finance, 1961-63; Chancellor, 1966-70), born in Kötschach-Mauthen, Austria (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Leslie Coffelt, American White House Police officer, killed in the line of duty during an assassination attempt on Harry Truman, born in Oranda, Virginia (d. 1950) [1]
  • 1912 Wijnanda "Nan" Aberson, friend of Dutch writer Gerard Reve Sr
  • 1914 Peter Nicholson Gunn, Australian writer (The Churches of Rome), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Alma Gardeslan, Surinamese-Dutch folklorist
  • 1915 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish author and resistance fighter (Mensch op Weg), born in Turnhout, Belgium (d. 1945)
  • 1916 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)

Jack LynchJack Lynch (1917-1999)

Irish politician and Taoiseach (1966-73 and 1977-79), born in Shandon, Cork, Ireland

  • 1917 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman catholic priest who was murdered, born in Ciudad Barrios, El Salvador (d. 1980)
  • 1918 Fay Honey Knopp, American activist (founded a Quaker ministry for men and women in prisons), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1995)

Phyllis SchlaflyPhyllis Schlafly (1924-2016)

American right-wing crusader, Eagle Forum President, born in St. Louis, Missouri

  • 1924 Robert Oxton Bolt, English playwright (A Man for All Seasons, Doctor Zhivago), born in Sale, Manchester (d. 1995)
  • 1925 Gertrude Shope, South African leader of the ANC Women’s League, born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1926 Kostis Stephanopoulos, Greek conservative politician (President of Greece, 1995-2005), born in Patras, Greece (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Lewis T Preston, American banker (President of the World Bank 1991-95), born in NYC, New York
  • 1930 Ageeda Paavel, Estonian freedom fighter
  • 1931 Richard F. Heck, American chemist who discovered the Heck Reaction (Nobel Prize 2010), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Robert L. Forward, American physicist and sci-fi writer (Dragon's Egg, Starquake), born in Geneva, NY (d. 2002)
  • 1934 Valentin Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Sukhaya Tereshka, Russia (d. 1980)
  • 1935 Vernon Eulion Jordan Jr, American civil rights activist (National Urban League), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1937 Ronnie G. Flippo, American politician (US Representative, Alabama(D), 1977-91), born in Florence, Alabama
  • 1938 Janusz A. Zajdel, Polish sci-fi author (The Whole Truth about Planet Xi), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1985)
  • 1938 Maxine Waters, American politician (Rep-D-California), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1938 Ottavio Cinquanta, Italian sports executive (President International Skating Union 1994-2016; IOC Executive Committee 2000-08), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2022)
  • 1938 Stephen Breyer, American lawyer and Justice of the Supreme Court, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1939 (Herman) Onno Ruding, Dutch politician (CDA) (Financial Minister, 1982-89), and businessman (Director of Amrobank, 1971-77), born in Breda, Netherlands
  • 1940 Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist (Founder of Red Army Faction), born in Bartholomä, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1941 Viktor Mikhailovich Pisarev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1942 Larry Hartsell, American martial artist, bodyguard, trainer, student of Bruce Lee and Dan Inosanto, born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • 1943 Eni Faleomavaega, American-Samoan politician (3rd Lieutenant Governor of American Samoa), born in Vailoatai, American Samoa (d. 2017)
  • 1943 Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (1971-79) and Ruler of Dubai (1990-2006), born in Dubai, Trucial States (d. 2006)
  • 1944 Thomas J. Murphy Jr., American politician (57th Mayor of Pittsburgh), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1945 Begum Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (1991-96 and 2001-06), born in Dinajpur, Bangladesh
  • 1945 Thomas C. Sawyer, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1946 Jean-Claude Arnault, French Swedish photographer involved in Nobel Prize scandal, born in Marseille, France
  • 1946 Kathryn Whitmire, American accountant and politician (4 time Mayor-Houston), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1947 Manley Lanier "Sonny" Carter Jr, American chemist and NASA astronaut (STS 33), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1948 George Ryton, British engineer, born in Singapore
  • 1949 Beverly Burns, American pilot and 1st woman to captain a Boeing 747, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Carlien Brouwer, translator/missing since Jan 6, 1994
  • 1949 Richard Deacon, Welsh sculptor, born in Bangor, Wales
  • 1951 Daba Diawara, Malian politician, born in Bamako, Mali
  • 1954 Mary Jo Salter, American poet and co-editor of The Norton Anthology of Poetry, born in Grand Rapids, Michigan

Stieg LarssonStieg Larsson (1954-2004)

Swedish author (Girl with the Dragon Tattoo), born in Skelleftehamn, Sweden

  • 1958 Victor Shenderovich, Russian satirist
  • 1959 Scott D. Altman, American Naval officer and astronaut (sk: STS 90), born in Lincoln, Illinois
  • 1962 Tom Colicchio, American chef (Gramercy Tavern), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey

Melinda GatesMelinda Gates (58 years old)

1964 American philanthropist and co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, born in Dallas, Texas

  • 1969 John Fetterman, American politician (Senator-D-Pennsylvania), born in West Reading, Pennsylvania

Abiy AhmedAbiy Ahmed (46 years old)

1976 Prime Minister of Ethiopia (2018-) and winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, born in Beshasha, Ethiopia

  • 1976 Robert Macfarlane, English nature writer, born in Halam, England
  • 1984 Opal Tometi, Nigerian American civil rights activist (co-founder of #BlackLivesMatter)