Birthdays in History on August 16

  • 1355 Philippa Plantagenet, Countess of Ulster
  • 1378 Hongxi Emperor [Zhu Gaochi], fourth Emperor of Ming Dynasty of China, born in Nanjing, China (d. 1425)
  • 1397 Albrecht II von Habsburg, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1439)
  • 1401 Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • 1550 Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan], Dutch lawyer, pastor and vicar, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1606)
  • 1557 Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (Communion of St. Jerome), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1602)
  • 1573 Anna of Austria, queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1598)
  • 1596 Frederick V, Elector Palatine (d. 1632)
  • 1622 Tsjerk H. de Vries, Dutch admiral
  • 1637 Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)
  • 1645 Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (The Characters, or the Manners of the Age, with The Characters of Theophrastus), born in Paris (d. 1696)
  • 1650 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1718)
  • 1666 Henriette Amalia, monarch of Nassau-Dietz
  • 1682 Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir-apparent to the French throne (d. 1712)
  • 1815 John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society, born in Castelnuovo Don Bosco, Italy (d. 1888)
  • 1817 Henry Winter Davis, MC (Union), (d. 1865)

  • 1820 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician, born in Fredericton, Canada (d. 1892)
  • 1828 Joseph Bradford Carr, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Albany, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Edward Payson Chapin, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Waterloo, New York (d. 1863)
  • 1831 John Jones Ross, Quebec politician (d. 1901)
  • 1832 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1837 Emile A. H. Seipgens, Dutch priest, writer and beer brewer, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • 1842 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
  • 1845 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist and inventor, born in Bonnevoie, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1921)
  • 1846 Justus van Maurik, Dutch author and cigar manufacturer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1904)
  • 1858 Arthur Achleitner, German writer, born in Straubing, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Jules Laforgue, French poet (Les Complaintas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1887)
  • 1864 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • 1867 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (Só), born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1900)
  • 1868 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, born in Mill Spring, Missouri (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1882 Pierre H. Ritter Jr, Dutch literary, writer and journalist, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1884 Adrian S Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer/adviser (British Petroleum/Shell)
  • 1884 Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born American inventor and sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo), born in Luxembourg (d. 1967)

Person of interestT. E. Lawrence

1888 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1892 Harold Foster, Canadian-American cartoonist (Prince Valian), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1982)
  • 1892 Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (Felix the Cat), born in Union City, New Jersey (d. 1983)
  • 1894 George Meany, labor leader (headed AFL-CIO), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • 1895 Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (Belle du Seigneur), born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1981)
  • 1896 (or the 17th) Tina Modotti, Italian artist and activist, born in Udine, Italy (d. 1940)
  • 1897 Robert Ringling, circus master

  • 1902 Georgette Heyer, English novelist (Friday's Child), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1975)
  • 1904 Wendell Stanley, American biochemist, first to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946), born in Ridgeville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • 1906 Franz Josef II, prince of Liechtenstein (1938-89)
  • 1908 William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (The New Yorker), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Marga AM Klompe, 1st Netherland woman elected minister

Person of interestMenachem Begin

1913 Menachem Begin, Israeli Prime Minister (1977-83, Nobel 1978), born in Brest, Belarus (d. 1992)

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1922 Louis Lomax, African-American author and journalist, born in Valdosta, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • 1923 Joe Hutton, northumbrian piper/shepherd
  • 1923 Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian playwright
  • 1929 Wyatt Tee Walker, African-American pastor, civil rights leader, chief of staff for Martin Luther King, Jr. and cultural historian, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Forrest E. Mars Jr., Candy Manufacturer (Mars), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Jon Lindbergh, 2nd son of aviator Charles Lindbergh
  • 1933 Jan van Ginkel, graphic artist/publisher (Perscombinatie)
  • 1933 Reiner Kunze, German writer (The Lovely Years), born in Oelsnitz, Saxony
  • 1933 Stuart A "Smokey" Roosa, Durango Colo, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 14)
  • 1934 Diana Wynne Jones, UK, sci-fi author (Drowned Ammet, Witch Week)
  • 1934 Ed van Thijn, (Jewish) Dutch foreign min/mayor (Amsterdam, 1983-94)
  • 1937 Andrew J[efferson V] Offutt, American sci-fi author (Undying Wizard)
  • 1937 David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • 1938 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1939 Valeri V Ryumin, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32)
  • 1939 Wim Meijer, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1939 Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • 1940 Bruce Beresford, Austral director (Driving Miss Daisy, Tender Mercies)
  • 1942 John Meulendijks, Dutch cryptogram maker (People's Daily)
  • 1944 Dick Zimmer, (Rep-R-New Jersey)
  • 1946 Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • 1947 Carol Moseley-Braun, (Sen-D Illinois)
  • 1948 Pierre Reid, Canadian politician and teacher
  • 1950 Stockwell Day, Canadian politician
  • 1951 Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
  • 1953 Kathie Lee Gifford, Paris Fla, hostess (Live with Regis & Kathie Lee)
  • 1958 Peter "Jeff" K Wisoff, Norfolk VA, PhD/Astronaut (STS 57, 68, 81/84)
  • 1967 Pamela Smart, American convicted murderess
  • 1976 Dave Ockun, American concert producer
  • 1979 Michael Stahlman, American rower and coach
  • 1988 Rumer Willis, child of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore, born in Paducah, Kentucky