Birthdays in History on August 16

  • 1355 Philippa, 5th Countess of Ulster, born in Eltham Palace, Kent, England (d. 1382)
  • 1378 Hongxi Emperor [Zhu Gaochi], fourth Emperor of Ming Dynasty of China, born in Nanjing, China (d. 1425)
  • 1397 Albrecht II von Habsburg, King of Bohemia, Hungary and Germany, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1439)
  • 1401 Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • 1550 Carolus Gallus [Karel de Haan], Dutch lawyer, pastor and vicar, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1606)
  • 1557 Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (Communion of St. Jerome), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1602)
  • 1573 Anna of Austria, queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1598)
  • 1596 Frederick V, Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia, born in Deinschwang, near Amberg, Upper Palatinate (d. 1632)
  • 1622 Tsjerk Hiddes de Vries, Dutch admiral, born in Sexbierum, Netherlands (d. 1666)
  • 1637 Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)
  • 1645 Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (The Characters, or the Manners of the Age, with The Characters of Theophrastus), born in Paris (d. 1696)
  • 1650 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1718)
  • 1666 Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau, monarch of Nassau-Dietz, born in Kleve, Lower Rhine (d. 1726)
  • 1682 Louis, Duke of Burgundy, heir-apparent to the French throne, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1712)
  • 1815 John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society, born in Castelnuovo Don Bosco, Italy (d. 1888)
  • 1817 Henry Winter Davis, American politician and unionist, born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1865)
  • 1820 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician, born in Fredericton, Canada (d. 1892)
  • 1828 Joseph Bradford Carr, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Albany, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Edward Payson Chapin, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Waterloo, New York (d. 1863)
  • 1831 John Jones Ross, Canadian politician, 7th Premier of Quebec (1884-87), born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1901)
  • 1832 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1920)
  • 1837 Emile A. H. Seipgens, Dutch priest, writer and beer brewer, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • 1842 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), born in Brody, Ukraine (d. 1922)
  • 1845 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist and inventor, born in Bonnevoie, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1921)
  • 1846 Justus van Maurik, Dutch author and cigar manufacturer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1904)
  • 1858 Arthur Achleitner, German writer, born in Straubing, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Jules Laforgue, French poet (Les Complaintas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1887)
  • 1864 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • 1867 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (Só), born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1900)
  • 1868 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, born in Mill Spring, Missouri (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1882 Pierre H. Ritter Jr, Dutch literary, writer and journalist, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1884 Adrian S Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer/adviser (British Petroleum/Shell)
  • 1884 Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born American inventor and sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo), born in Luxembourg (d. 1967)

T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence (1888-1935)

British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales

  • 1892 Harold Foster, Canadian-American cartoonist (Prince Valian), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1982)
  • 1892 Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (Felix the Cat), born in Union City, New Jersey (d. 1983)
  • 1894 George Meany, labor leader (headed AFL-CIO), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • 1895 Albert Cohen, Greek-born Swiss novelist (Belle du Seigneur), born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Tina Modotti, Italian artist and activist, born in Udine, Italy (d. 1940)
  • 1897 Robert Ringling, circus master, born in Baraboo, Sauk County, Wisconsin (d. 1950)
  • 1902 Georgette Heyer, English novelist (Friday's Child), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1975)
  • 1904 Wendell Stanley, American biochemist, first to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946), born in Ridgeville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • 1905 Marian Rejewski, Polish mathematician and cryptologist (1st to break German Enigma code), born in Bromberg, German Empire (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Franz Josef II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1938-89), born in Schloss Frauenthal, Deutschlandsberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • 1908 William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (The New Yorker), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Marga Klompé, Dutch 1st female minister (CRM), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1986)

Menachem BeginMenachem Begin (1913-1992)

6th Prime Minister of Israel (1977-80, 81-83) and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Brest, Belarus, Russian Empire

  • 1922 Louis Lomax, African-American author and journalist, born in Valdosta, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • 1923 Joe Hutton, Northumbrian piper and shepherd, born in Halton Lee Gate, Haltwhistle (d. 1995)
  • 1923 Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian writer and playwright, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Wyatt Tee Walker, African-American pastor, civil rights leader, chief of staff for Martin Luther King, Jr. and cultural historian, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Forrest E. Mars Jr., Candy Manufacturer (Mars), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Jon Lindbergh, 2nd son of aviator Charles Lindbergh
  • 1933 Jan van Ginkel, graphic artist/publisher (Perscombinatie)
  • 1933 Reiner Kunze, German writer (The Lovely Years), born in Oelsnitz, Saxony
  • 1933 Stuart A "Smokey" Roosa, Durango Colo, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 14)
  • 1934 Diana Wynne Jones, British sci-fi author (Drowned Ammet; Witch Week), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • 1934 Ed van Thijn, Dutch politician (House of Representatives, 1977-82; Mayor of Amsterdam, 1983-94; Member of Senate, 1999-2007), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2021)
  • 1937 Andrew J[efferson V] Offutt, American sci-fi author (Undying Wizard)
  • 1937 David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • 1938 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1939 Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • 1939 Valeri V Ryumin, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32)
  • 1939 Wim Meijer, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1940 Bruce Beresford, Australian film director (Driving Miss Daisy; Tender Mercies), born in Paddington, Australia
  • 1942 John Meulendijks, Dutch cryptogram maker (People's Daily)
  • 1944 Dick Zimmer, American politician (Rep-R-New Jersey 1991-97), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1946 Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • 1947 Carol Moseley-Braun, (Sen-D Illinois)
  • 1948 Pierre Reid, Canadian politician and teacher
  • 1950 Stockwell Day, Canadian politician
  • 1951 Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
  • 1957 Phil Murphy, American financier and politician, Governor of New Jersey (2018-), born in Needham, Massachusetts
  • 1958 Peter "Jeff" K Wisoff, Norfolk VA, PhD/Astronaut (STS 57, 68, 81/84)
  • 1967 Pamela Smart, American convicted murderess
  • 1979 Michael Stahlman, American rower and coach