Birthdays in History on August 18

  • 472 Flavius Ricimer, general of the Western Roman Empire, kingmaker
  • 1450 Marko Marulic/Marulus/Splichanin/Pechinich, Croatian poet, born in Split, Croatia (d. 1524)
  • 1579 Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I of Orange
  • 1587 1st English child born in New World (Virginia Dare)
  • 1596 Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer and historian (Acta Sanctorum), born in Tirlemont, Netherlands (d. 1665)
  • 1605 Henry Hammond, English churchman, born in Chertsey, Surrey, England (d. 1660)
  • 1606 Maria Anna of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress and Queen of Hungary, born in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain (d. 1646)
  • 1611 Ludwika Maria Gonzaga, French princess and queen of Poland, born in Nevers, France (d. 1667)
  • 1657 Ferdinando Galli Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1743)
  • 1685 Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, born in Edmonton, Middlesex, England (d. 1731)
  • 1692 Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1740)
  • 1720 Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers, English murderer (d. 1760)
  • 1754 François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general (d. 1833)

Meriwether LewisMeriwether Lewis (1774-1809)

American explorer, soldier and public administrator who helped lead the Lewis and Clark Expedition, born in Ivy, Virginia

John RussellJohn Russell (1792-1878)

1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), born in Mayfair, Middlesex

  • 1803 Nathan Clifford, American statesman, diplomat, and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1881)
  • 1805 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1845)
  • 1807 Charles Francis Adams Snr., American writer and diplomat, US Minister to the UK, son of President John Quincy Adams, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Benjamin Alvord, American scientist and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Vancouver, Washington (d. 1884)
  • 1818 William Farquhar Barry, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1879)
  • 1819 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, born in Peterhof Palace, Russia (d. 1876)
  • 1823 Willem J F Nuyens, Dutch physician, historian

Franz Joseph IFranz Joseph I (1830-1916)

Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (1848-1916), born in Vienna, Austria

  • 1834 Marshall Field, American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, born in Conway, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1841 William Halford, American naval officer and Medal of Honor recipient who survived 31 days at sea in a small boat to seek help for the shipwrecked USS Saginaw, born in Gloucestershire, England (d. 1919)
  • 1855 Alfred Wallis, English artist and mariner, born in Devonport, Devon, England (d. 1942)
  • 1857 Libert H. Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate and the fourth vicar apostolic of the Vicariate Apostolic of the Hawaiian Islands, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • 1871 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)
  • 1875 Johan E. Elias, Dutch historian (Amsterdam's regency), born in Amsterdam (d. 1960)
  • 1879 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian lieutenant-general and corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War, born in Russia (d. 1970)
  • 1882 Eugeen Calleen, Flemish sculptor
  • 1885 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (Henry Handel Richardson: A Study), born in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia (d. 1964)
  • 1887 Nico J. Polak, Dutch economist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • 1890 Walther Funk, German economist and Nazi politician, born in Danzkehmen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1900 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1964)

Vijaya Lakshmi PanditVijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1900-1990)

Indian diplomat and politician who was the 1st woman to hold a cabinet post in India, born in Allahabad, India

  • 1902 Adamson-Eric, Estonian painter, born in Tartu, Estonia (d. 1968)
  • 1904 W. Sterling Cole, American politician (Rep-R-NY, Director International Atomic Energy Agency), born in Painted Post, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1904 [Francis] Max Factor, American CEO of Max Factor Cosmetics, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1908 Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu), born in North Sumatra, Indonesia (d. 1970)
  • 1908 Edgar Faure, Prime Minister of France (1952, 52-56) and writer, born in Béziers, France (d. 1988)
  • 1910 Charles Wegg-Prosser, solicitor
  • 1912 Elsa Morante, Italian writer, born in Rome (d. 1985)
  • 1917 Casper Weinberger, US Secretary of Defense (1981-87)
  • 1919 Walter J Hickel, (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71)
  • 1921 Zdzisław Żygulski, Jr., Polish art historian
  • 1922 Alain Robbe-Grillet, French novelist (Voyeur)
  • 1922 Eric William Hunter Christie, barrister
  • 1924 Mohammad Zia Ul-Haq, President of Pakistan (1977-88)[or Aug 12]
  • 1925 Brian Aldiss, British sci-fi author (Super-Toys Last All Summer Long, Helliconia trilogy), born in East Dereham, Norfolk (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Rosalynn Smith Carter, American 1st lady (1977-1981), born in Plains, Georgia
  • 1930 Liviu Librescu, Israeli professor, killed in the Virginia Tech massacre
  • 1931 Bramwell Tillsley, Canadian Salvation Army general
  • 1931 Henricus AFMO "Hans" van Mierlo, Dutch minister of Defense (D66)
  • 1932 Luc Montagnier, French virologist (Nobel Prize 2008, discovered HIV), born in Chabris, France
  • 1934 Vincent Bugliosi, American attorney and author (Helter-Skelter), born in Hibbing, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1935 Howard Morrison, New Zealand entertainer, born in Rotorua, New Zealand (d. 2009)
  • 1938 Joe Frank [Joseph Langermann], American radio personality (KCRW), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2018)
  • 1939 Robert Horton, British businessman and CEO (BP), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • 1952 Elayne Boosler, American comedienne (Broadway Baby, Party of One), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1953 Louie Gohmert, American politician, born in Pittsburg, Texas
  • 1954 Umberto Guidoni, Italian astrophysicist and writer (STS 75), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1955 Taher Elgamal, Egyptian scientist, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1961 Bob Woodruff, American television journalist, born in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
  • 1962 Felipe Calderón, Mexican politician (President of Mexico, 2006–12), born in Morelia, Mexico
  • 1966 Gustavo Charif, Argentine artist, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1967 Brian Michael Bendis, American comic book writer, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1976 Bryan Volpenhein, American rower, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1992 Frances Bean Cobain, American artist and daughter of Kurt Cobain & Courtney Love, born in Los Angeles, California