Birthdays in History on August 19

  • 1342 Catharine of Bohemia, Duchess of Bavaria, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1395)
  • 1398 Marqués de Santillana, Castilian politician and poet (serranillas), born in Carrión de los Condes, Spain (d. 1458)
  • 1521 Lodovico Guicciardini, Italian historian (Descrittione di Tutti), born in Florence (d. 1589)
  • 1557 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg, born in Montbéliard, France (d. 1608)
  • 1558 Paulus Merula, Dutch lawyer and historian (Historia Belgica), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1607)
  • 1580 Pierre Vernier, French mathematician, inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements, born in Ornans, France (d. 1637)
  • 1590 Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier, born in Stratford-atte-Bow, Middlesex (d. 1649)
  • 1596 Elizabeth Stuart, Electress of the Palatinate, "The Winter Queen" of Bohemia and daughter of James VI and I of England and Scotland, born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Kingdom of Scotland (d. 1662)
  • 1621 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1674)
  • 1631 John Dryden, English poet (1st Poet Laureate 1668-1700), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1700) [OS=Aug 9]

John FlamsteedJohn Flamsteed (1646-1719)

English astronomer and 1st Astronomer Royal, born in Denby, England

  • 1686 Eustace Budgell, English writer (The Spectator, writing 37 numbers signed X), born in Saint Thomas, Exeter, England (d. 1737)
  • 1689 Samuel Richardson, English novelist (Pamela), born in Mackworth, Derbyshire, England (d. 1761)
  • 1711 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, born in Tregothnan, Cornwall (d. 1761)
  • 1743 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, born in Vaucouleurs, France (d. 1793)
  • 1756 Anthony van Haersolte, Dutch politician and member of Executing Regime, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1830)
  • 1785 Seth Thomas, American manufacturer and pioneer in the mass production of clocks, born in Wolcott, Connecticut (d. 1859)
  • 1790 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England (d. 1853)
  • 1808 James Nasmyth, Scottish engineer and inventor of the steam hammer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1890)
  • 1815 John P. McCown, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Sevier County, Tennessee (d. 1879)
  • 1816 Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs, born in Dommeldange, Luxembourg (d. 1894)
  • 1830 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev, born in Varel Oldenburg (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Stephen Gano Burbridge, "Butcher of Kentucky", American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • 1839 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist and founder of modern mycology, born in Telgte, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1846 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, born in Melgar de Fernamental, Burgos, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1848 Gustave Caillebotte, French painter (Rue de Paris) and member of Impressionists, born in Paris (d. 1894)

Charles E. HiresCharles E. Hires (1851-1937)

American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, born in Elsinboro, Pennsylvania

  • 1851 Frans Schollaert, Belgian Catholic Party politician and 19th Prime Minister of Belgium (1908-11), born in Wilsele, Belgium (d. 1917)
  • 1853 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1859 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • 1860 John Kane, Scottish-American primitivist painter (Self-Portrait), born in West Calder, Scotland (d. 1934)
  • 1870 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1965)

Orville WrightOrville Wright (1871-1948)

American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio

  • 1875 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (Ethiopia, South America), born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1936)

Manuel L. QuezonManuel L. Quezon (1878-1944)

Second President of the Philippines (1935-42), born in Baler, Aurora, Philippines

  • 1883 (Gabrielle) "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel), born in Saumur, France (d. 1971)
  • 1883 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
  • 1883 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, born in Tartu, Estonia, Imperial Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1885 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1954)
  • 1889 Arthur Waley, English sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese, born in Tunbridge Wells, England (d. 1966)
  • 1890 Yves Alix, French painter and graphic artist, born in Fontainebleau, France (d. 1969)
  • 1895 Arnoldt Bronnen, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1959)
  • 1899 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1900 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1902 J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino jurist (d. 1994)

Ogden NashOgden Nash (1902-1971)

American humorous poet (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, Masquerade Party), born in Rye, New York [1]

  • 1902 Vladimir Kirshon, Russian playwright (Ultimatum Factory), born in Nalchik, Russia (d. 1938) [NS]
  • 1903 James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (1949 Pulitzer-Guard of Honor), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • 1905 Fitzhugh Lee, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II, Navy Cross)
  • 1907 Thruston B. Morton, American republican politician (Sen-Ky, 1957-69), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes and Diamonds), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1983)
  • 1910 Quentin Bell, English art historian (established Charleston Trust), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1913 John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer, one of the creators of the Finite Element Method (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Walter B. Jones Snr., American politician (Rep-D-North Carolina 1966-92), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 1992)
  • 1915 Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman and administrator (Desjardins Group) (d. 1985)
  • 1918 Shankar Dayal Sharma, Indian politician, ninth President of India (1992-97), born in Bhopal, British India (d. 1999)

Malcolm ForbesMalcolm Forbes (1919-1990)

American publisher of Forbes Magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1920 Lucila Engels-Boskaljon, Curacao-Dutch painter, born in Willemstad, Curaçao
  • 1921 Philip A. Potter, Dominica Secretary-General World council of Churches
  • 1922 Douglas MacKenzie Davey, British occupational psychometrist (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist who contributed to the theory and practice of database management systems, born in Fortuneswell, Dorset, England (d. 2003) [1]
  • 1925 Claude Gauvreau, Canadian playwright (d. 1971)
  • 1926 Arthur Rock, American venture capitalist (Apple Inc.), born in Rochester, New York
  • 1927 James Broyhill, American politician (Sen-R-NC, 1963-1986), born in Lenoir, North Carolina
  • 1930 David G. Compton, British sci-fi author (Synthajoy, Radio Plays), born in London, England
  • 1930 Frank McCourt, Irish-American Pulitzer Prize winning author (Angela's Ashes), and teacher, born in Brooklyn, New York City (d. 2009)
  • 1932 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), born in Suphanburi, Thailand (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Thomas P. Salmon, American politician, 75th Governor of Vermont (1973-77), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1934 David Durenberger, American politician, (Sen-R-MN, 1978-95), born in St. Cloud, Minnesota
  • 1935 Alan Baker, British Mathematician and winner of the Fields Medal (1970) for his work on transcendental number theory, born in London, England
  • 1935 F. Story Musgrave, American medical doctor and NASA astronaut (STS-6, -51-F, -33, -44, -61, -80), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1942 Michiel Patijn, Dutch asst sect of state of Foreign affairs, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1944 Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer (The Price of Water in Finistère), born in Bjärme, Sweden (d. 2016)
  • 1944 Buzz Kilman, American Chicago radio personality, born in Detroit. Michigan
  • 1944 Charles Wang, Chinese-American CEO (Computer Associates) and philanthropist, born in Shanghai, China
  • 1944 Samuel J. de Beer, South Africa vicar and politician, born in Johannesburg, South Africa

Bill ClintonBill Clinton (76 years old)

1946 42nd US President (Democrat, 1993-2001), born in Hope, Arkansas

  • 1946 Charles F. Bolden Jr, American astronaut (STS 61C, 31, 45, 60), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1948 Tipper Gore, American wife of US Vice President Al Gore (1993-01), born in Washington D.C.
  • 1953 Mary Matalin, American political consultant (campaign director for George H. W. Bush), born in Burnham, Illinois
  • 1957 Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet, born in Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 1958 Brendan Nelson, Australian politician (Leader of the Liberal Party 2007-8), born in Coburg, Australia
  • 1959 Susan Cummings, Monegasque-born American heiress and convicted murderer, born in Monte Carlo, Monaco
  • 1962 Michael Massimino, American astronaut (STS-109 Columbia, STS-125 Atlantis), born in Oceanside, New York
  • 1962 Tammy Bruce, American political commentator (Fox), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1964 Pete Ricketts, American businessman (TD Ameritrade) and politician, Governor of Nebraska (2015-), born in Nebraska City

Satya NadellaSatya Nadella (55 years old)

1967 Indian-American businessman (CEO of Microsoft), born in Hyderabad, India

  • 1969 Emigdio Preciado, American criminal, fugitive on FBI's Most Wanted list, born in California
  • 1970 Clare Waight Keller, English fashion designer (first female head of Givenchy), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1973 Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway, married to Crown prince Haakon, born in Kristiansand, Norway
  • 1975 Chynna Clugston Flores, American comic book creator (Blue Monday), born in Fresno, California