Birthdays in History on August 19

  • 1342 Katharine of Bohemia, Duchess of Bavaria (d. 1395)
  • 1398 Marqués de Santillana, Castilian politician and poet (serranillas), born in Carrión de los Condes, Spain (d. 1458)
  • 1521 Lodovico Guicciardini, Italian historian (Descrittione di Tutti)
  • 1557 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1608)
  • 1558 Paulus Merula, Dutch lawyer and historian (Historia Belgica), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1607)
  • 1580 Pierre Vernier, Ornans, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements
  • 1590 Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (d. 1649)
  • 1596 Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine, Queen of Bohemia and daughter of James IV and I of England and Scotland (d. 1662)
  • 1621 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter (d. 1674)
  • 1631 John Dryden, English poet (1st Poet Laureate 1668-1700), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1700) [OS=Aug 9]
  • 1646 John Flamsteed, Denby Derbyshire, English astronomer and first Astronomer Royal
  • 1686 Eustace Budgell, English writer (d. 1737)
  • 1689 Samuel Richardson, English novelist (Pamela) (baptized)
  • 1711 Edward Boscawen, British admiral (d. 1761)
  • 1743 Marie Jeanne Becu Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV (d. 1793)
  • 1756 Anthony FRE Haersolte, member of Executing Regime

  • 1785 Seth Thomas, American pioneer in mass production of clocks
  • 1790 Edward John Dent, British Clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England
  • 1808 James Nasmyth, Edinburgh, Scottish Engineer and Inventor of the steam hammer
  • 1815 John Porter McCown, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1816 Julius PJA van Zuylen van Nyevelt, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1830 Julius Lothar Meyer, Varel Oldenburg, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev
  • 1831 Stephen Gano Burbridge, "Butcher of Kentucky", American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • 1839 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist
  • 1846 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1906)
  • 1848 Gustave Caillebotte, French shipbuilding design/painter (Rue de Paris)
  • 1851 Frans Schollaert, Belgian premier (1908-11)

Person of interestCharles E. Hires

1851 Charles E. Hires, American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)

Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer Charles E. Hires
Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer
Charles E. Hires
  • 1853 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general (d. 1926)
  • 1859 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian/hagiographer
  • 1860 John Kane, Scottish-born US primitivist painter (Self-Portrait)
  • 1870 Bernard Baruch, financier/presidential adviser (Cold War)

Person of interestOrville Wright

1871 Orville Wright, aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1912)

  • 1875 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1936)

Person of interestManuel L. Quezon

1878 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of the Philippines (1935-42), born in Baler, Aurora, Philippines (d. 1944)

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon

Person of interestCoco Chanel

1883 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel), born in Saumur, France (d. 1971)

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel
  • 1883 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
  • 1883 Leonid Kulik, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, born in Tartu, Estonia, Imperial Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1885 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1954)
  • 1889 Arthur Waley, sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese
  • 1890 Yves Alix, French painter and graphic artist

  • 1895 Arnoldt Bronnen, writer
  • 1899 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1900 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1902 Ogden Nash, humorous poet (I'm a Stranger Here Myself), born in Rye, New York
  • 1902 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright (Ultimatum Factory) [NS]
  • 1902 J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino jurist (d. 1994)
  • 1903 James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (1949 Pulitzer-Guard of Honor), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • 1904 Ted Nightingale, former colonial governor
  • 1905 Fitzhugh Lee, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II, Navy Cross)
  • 1907 Thruston B. Morton, American republican politician (Sen-Ky, 1957-69), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes and Diamonds), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1983)
  • 1910 Quentin Bell, artist author/teacher
  • 1913 Walter B Jones, (Rep-D-NC, 1966-92)
  • 1913 John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer, one of the creators of the Finite Element Method (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman and administrator (Desjardins Group) (d. 1985)
  • 1918 Shankar Dayal Sharma, Indian politician, ninth President of India (1992-97), born in Bhopal, British India (d. 1999)

Person of interestMalcolm Forbes

1919 Malcolm Forbes, American publisher of Forbes Magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Malcolm Forbes
  • 1920 Lucila Engels-Boskaljon, Curacao painter
  • 1921 Philip A Potter, Dominica Secretary-General World council of Churches
  • 1922 Douglas MacKenzie Davey, psychometrist
  • 1925 Claude Gauvreau, Canadian playwright (d. 1971)
  • 1926 Arthur Rock, American venture capitalist
  • 1927 James T Broyhill, (Sen-R-NC, 1986)
  • 1930 D[avid] G[uy] Compton, UK, sci-fi author (Synthajoy, Radio Plays)
  • 1932 John James Fenwick, English warehouse owner/multi-millionaire
  • 1932 Thomas P. Salmon, 75th Governor of Vermont
  • 1932 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), born in Suphanburi, Thailand (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Vladimir Borisovich Alekseyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1934 David F Durenberger, Minn, (Sen-R-MN, 1978- )
  • 1935 F Story Musgrave, MD/astronaut (STS 6, 51-F, 33, 44, 61, 80), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1935 Alan Baker, British Mathematician and winner of the Fields Medal (1970) for his work on transcendental number theory, born in London, England
  • 1942 Michiel Patijn, Dutch asst sect of state of Foreign affairs (1994- )
  • 1944 Samuel J de Beer, South Africa vicar/underminister of Education
  • 1944 Buzz Kilman, Chicago radio personality
  • 1944 Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer
  • 1944 Charles Wang, Chinese-born philanthropist
  • 1946 Charles F Bolden Jr, astronaut (STS 61C, 31, 45, 60), born in Columbia, South Carolina

Person of interestBill Clinton

1946 Bill Clinton [William Jefferson], 42nd US President (Democrat, 1993-2001), born in Hope, Arkansas

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1948 Tipper Gore, wife of US Vice President Al Gore (1993-01)
  • 1950 Jennie Bond, British journalist
  • 1953 Mary Matalin, American political consultant
  • 1957 Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet
  • 1958 Brendan Nelson, Australian politician
  • 1959 Susan Cummings, Monegasque-born American heiress and convicted murderer
  • 1962 Michael J Massimino, Oceanside NY, PhD/astronaut
  • 1962 Tammy Bruce, American political commentator
  • 1966 Lilian Garcia, wrestling announcer

Person of interestSatya Nadella

1967 Satya Nadella, Indian-American businessman (CEO of Microsoft), born in Hyderabad

CEO of Microsoft Satya Nadella
CEO of Microsoft
Satya Nadella
  • 1969 Emigdio Preciado, Hispanic fugitive on FBI's Most Wanted list
  • 1970 Clare Waight Keller, English fashion designer (first female head of Givenchy), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1973 Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway
  • 1975 Chynna Clugston, American comic book creator