On This Day

Birthdays in History on August 19

  • 1342 Catharine of Bohemia, Duchess of Bavaria, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1395)
  • 1398 Marqués de Santillana, Castilian politician and poet (serranillas), born in Carrión de los Condes, Spain (d. 1458)
  • 1521 Lodovico Guicciardini, Italian historian (Descrittione di Tutti), born in Florence (d. 1589)
  • 1557 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg, born in Montbéliard, France (d. 1608)
  • 1558 Paulus Merula, Dutch lawyer and historian (Historia Belgica), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1607)
  • 1580 Pierre Vernier, Ornans, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements
  • 1590 Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier, born in Stratford-atte-Bow, Middlesex (d. 1649)
  • 1596 Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine, Queen of Bohemia and daughter of James IV and I of England and Scotland (d. 1662)
  • 1621 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1674)
  • 1631 John Dryden, English poet (1st Poet Laureate 1668-1700), born in Aldwincle, Northamptonshire (d. 1700) [OS=Aug 9]
  • 1646 John Flamsteed, English astronomer and first Astronomer Royal, born in Denby, England (d. 1719)
  • 1686 Eustace Budgell, English writer (The Spectator, writing 37 numbers signed X), born in Saint Thomas, Exeter, England (d. 1737)
  • 1689 Samuel Richardson, English novelist (Pamela), born in Mackworth, Derbyshire, England (d. 1761)
  • 1711 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, born in Tregothnan, Cornwall (d. 1761)
  • 1743 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, born in Vaucouleurs, France (d. 1793)
  • 1756 Anthony van Haersolte, Dutch politician and member of Executing Regime, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1830)

  • 1785 Seth Thomas, American manufacturer and pioneer in the mass production of clocks, born in Wolcott, Connecticut (d. 1859)
  • 1790 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England (d. 1853)
  • 1808 James Nasmyth, Scottish engineer and inventor of the steam hammer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1890)
  • 1815 John P. McCown, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Sevier County, Tennessee (d. 1879)
  • 1816 Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs, born in Dommeldange, Luxembourg (d. 1894)
  • 1830 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist who developed the first periodic table of chemical elements independently of Dimitri Mendeleev, born in Varel Oldenburg (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Stephen Gano Burbridge, "Butcher of Kentucky", American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • 1839 Oskar Brefeld, German botanist and founder of modern mycology, born in Telgte, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1846 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, born in Melgar de Fernamental, Burgos, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1848 Gustave Caillebotte, French painter (Rue de Paris) and member of Impressionists, born in Paris (d. 1894)
  • 1851 Frans Schollaert, Belgian Catholic Party politician and 19th Prime Minister of Belgium (1908-11), born in Wilsele, Belgium (d. 1917)

Person of interestCharles E. Hires

1851 Charles E. Hires, American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)

Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer Charles E. Hires
Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer
Charles E. Hires
  • 1853 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • 1859 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • 1860 John Kane, Scottish-American primitivist painter (Self-Portrait), born in West Calder, Scotland (d. 1934)
  • 1870 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1965)

Person of interestOrville Wright

1871 Orville Wright, American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1912)

  • 1875 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer, born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1936)

Person of interestManuel L. Quezon

1878 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of the Philippines (1935-42), born in Baler, Aurora, Philippines (d. 1944)

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon

Person of interestCoco Chanel

1883 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel), born in Saumur, France (d. 1971)

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel

  • 1883 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
  • 1883 Leonid Kulik, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, born in Tartu, Estonia, Imperial Russia (d. 1942)
  • 1885 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1954)
  • 1889 Arthur Waley, sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese
  • 1890 Yves Alix, French painter and graphic artist
  • 1895 Arnoldt Bronnen, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1959)
  • 1899 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1900 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1902 Ogden Nash, American humorous poet (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, Masquerade Party), born in Rye, New York (d. 1971)
  • 1902 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright (Ultimatum Factory) [NS]
  • 1902 J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino jurist (d. 1994)
  • 1903 James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (1949 Pulitzer-Guard of Honor), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • 1904 Ted Nightingale, former colonial governor
  • 1905 Fitzhugh Lee, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II, Navy Cross)
  • 1907 Thruston B. Morton, American republican politician (Sen-Ky, 1957-69), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1982)
  • 1909 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes and Diamonds), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1983)
  • 1910 Quentin Bell, artist author/teacher
  • 1913 Walter B Jones, (Rep-D-NC, 1966-92)
  • 1913 John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer, one of the creators of the Finite Element Method (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Alfred Rouleau, French Canadian businessman and administrator (Desjardins Group) (d. 1985)
  • 1918 Shankar Dayal Sharma, Indian politician, ninth President of India (1992-97), born in Bhopal, British India (d. 1999)

Person of interestMalcolm Forbes

1919 Malcolm Forbes, American publisher of Forbes Magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Publisher
Malcolm Forbes
  • 1920 Lucila Engels-Boskaljon, Curacao painter
  • 1921 Philip A Potter, Dominica Secretary-General World council of Churches
  • 1922 Douglas MacKenzie Davey, psychometrist
  • 1925 Claude Gauvreau, Canadian playwright (d. 1971)
  • 1926 Arthur Rock, American venture capitalist
  • 1927 James T Broyhill, (Sen-R-NC, 1986)
  • 1930 D[avid] G[uy] Compton, UK, sci-fi author (Synthajoy, Radio Plays)
  • 1932 John James Fenwick, English warehouse owner/multi-millionaire
  • 1932 Thomas P. Salmon, 75th Governor of Vermont
  • 1932 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), born in Suphanburi, Thailand (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Vladimir Borisovich Alekseyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1934 David F Durenberger, Minn, (Sen-R-MN, 1978- )
  • 1935 F Story Musgrave, MD/astronaut (STS 6, 51-F, 33, 44, 61, 80), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1935 Alan Baker, British Mathematician and winner of the Fields Medal (1970) for his work on transcendental number theory, born in London, England
  • 1942 Michiel Patijn, Dutch asst sect of state of Foreign affairs (1994- )
  • 1944 Samuel J de Beer, South Africa vicar/underminister of Education
  • 1944 Buzz Kilman, Chicago radio personality
  • 1944 Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer (The Price of Water in Finistère), born in Bjärme, Sweden (d. 2016)
  • 1944 Charles Wang, Chinese-born philanthropist
  • 1946 Charles F Bolden Jr, astronaut (STS 61C, 31, 45, 60), born in Columbia, South Carolina

Person of interestBill Clinton

1946 Bill Clinton [William Jefferson], 42nd US President (Democrat, 1993-2001), born in Hope, Arkansas

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1948 Tipper Gore, wife of US Vice President Al Gore (1993-01)
  • 1950 Jennie Bond, British journalist
  • 1953 Mary Matalin, American political consultant
  • 1957 Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet
  • 1958 Brendan Nelson, Australian politician
  • 1959 Susan Cummings, Monegasque-born American heiress and convicted murderer
  • 1962 Michael J Massimino, Oceanside NY, PhD/astronaut
  • 1962 Tammy Bruce, American political commentator
  • 1964 Pete Ricketts, American businessman (TD Ameritrade) and politician, Governor of Nebraska (2015-), born in Nebraska City
  • 1966 Lilian Garcia, wrestling announcer

Person of interestSatya Nadella

1967 Satya Nadella, Indian-American businessman (CEO of Microsoft), born in Hyderabad

CEO of Microsoft Satya Nadella
CEO of Microsoft
Satya Nadella
  • 1969 Emigdio Preciado, Hispanic fugitive on FBI's Most Wanted list
  • 1970 Clare Waight Keller, English fashion designer (first female head of Givenchy), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1973 Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway
  • 1975 Chynna Clugston, American comic book creator