Birthdays in History on August 2

  • 1455 Johan Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (1486-99), born in Ansbach (d. 1499)
  • 1533 Theodor Zwinger, Swiss physician and scholar, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1588)
  • 1627 Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten, Dutch painter, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1678)
  • 1632 Kaspar von Stieler, German poet (Teutsche Wolredner), born in Erfurt, Germany (d. 1707)
  • 1672 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, Swiss scholar, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1733)
  • 1674 Philippe II, Duke of Orléans and Regent of France (1715-23), born in Château de Saint Cloud, France (d. 1723)
  • 1696 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, born in Edirne Palace, Edirne, Ottoman Empire (d. 1754)
  • 1703 Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (18th & last Superior General of the Society of Jesus), born in Florence (d. 1775)
  • 1723 Nicolas de Pigage, French classical builder (Schloss Benrath), born in Lunéville, France (d. 1796)
  • 1746 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist and patriot (d. 1807)

Pierre Charles L'EnfantPierre Charles L'Enfant (1754-1825)

French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., born in Paris, France

  • 1788 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), born in Göttingen, Germany (d. 1853)
  • 1802 Nicholas Wiseman, 1st archbishop of Westminster (1860-65), born in Sevilla, Spain (d. 1865)
  • 1815 Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German poet, born in Brüsewitz, Germany (d. 1894)
  • 1818 Prince Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, born in Soestdijk, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1820 John Tyndall, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect, born in Leighlinbridge, County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1826 William Denison Whipple, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Madison County, New York (d. 1902)
  • 1828 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, born in Cadiz, Spain (d. 1895)
  • 1832 Henry Steel Olcott, American military officer and co-founder of the Theosophical Society, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1907)

Frédéric-Auguste BartholdiFrédéric-Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904)

French sculptor (designed the Statue of Liberty), born in Colmar, France

  • 1834 Isaac Capadose, Dutch clergyman in the Catholic Apostolic Church, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • 1835 Elisha Grey, American electrical engineer and inventor (Telephone), born in Barnesville, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • 1854 F. Marion Crawford, American author (Mr. Isaacs), born in Bagni de Lucca, Italy (d. 1909)
  • 1858 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands, born in Arolsen Castle, Arolsen, Waldeck and Pyrmont, German Confederation (d. 1934)
  • 1858 William Watson, British poet (Prince's Quest, Father of Forest), born in Burley-in-Wharfedale, Yorkshire (d. 1935)
  • 1861 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), born in Khulna, British India (d. 1944)
  • 1865 Irving Babbitt, American writer (Rousseau & Romanticism), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1933)
  • 1865 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1955)
  • 1867 Ernest Dowson, British poet (Decorations in Verse and Prose), born in Lee, London
  • 1867 Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)

Constantine IConstantine I (1868-1923)

King of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), born in Athens, Greece

  • 1871 John French Sloan, American painter and etcher, born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania (d. 1951)
  • 1872 George E. Stewart, American army officer and Medal of Honor recipient, born in New South Wales, Australia (d. 1946)
  • 1875 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Aino Kallas, Finnish writer (White Ship, Estonian Tales), born in Kiiskilä, Viipuri Province, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1956)
  • 1878 Princess Ingeborg of Sweden, wife of Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, born in Charlottenlund Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Ethel M. Dell, English author (Storm Drift), born in London (d. 1939)
  • 1882 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1884 Rómulo Gallegos, 48th President of Venezuela (1948), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • 1886 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, born in Baddeck, Nova Scotia (d. 1961)
  • 1891 Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian and linguist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1892 Jack L Warner [Jacob Warner], Canadian-American film executive and president of the Warner Bros. Studios, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1978)
  • 1892 John Kieran, American columnist and author (Natural History of NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1897 Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1974)
  • 1899 George Malcolm Thomson, British journalist, born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Albert Goodwin, English historian, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Mary Hamman, American writer and editor (Pictorial Review, Good Housekeeping), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1984)
  • 1909 Lord Benson [Henry Alexander], British accountant (Coopers & Lybrand), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Lawrence Josset, British engraver, born in Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Lou Zara, American writer (Stump the Authors), born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • 1912 Bela Szigeti, Hungarian theoretical physicist, born in Budapest (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and UN statistician, born in Križ, Moslavania, Croatia (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, born in Heemstede, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1916 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • 1919 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Louis Pauwels, French writer and editor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Lord Murray of Epping Forest [Lionel], British labour politician and union leader (General Secretary TUC), born in Hadley, Telford (d. 1984)
  • 1922 Paul Laxalt, American politician (22nd Governor of Nevada), born in Reno, Nevada

Shimon PeresShimon Peres (1923-2016)

Polish-Israeli Labor Party politician (President. 2007-14; Prime Minister, 1984-86 and 1995-96; Foreign Minister, 1986-88, 1992-95, and 2001-02), and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1994), born in Wiszniewo, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus)

  • 1924 Ismond Rosen, South African born psychoanalyst and artist (book on Sexual Deviation), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1996)

James BaldwinJames Baldwin (1924-1987)

American novelist (Go Tell it on the Mountain; Another Country) and playwright (The Amen Corner; Blues for Mister Charlie), born in Harlem, New York

Jorge Rafael VidelaJorge Rafael Videla (1925-2013)

Argentine military officer and dictator (1976-81), born in Mercedes, Buenos Aires, Argentina

  • 1926 Betsy Bloomingdale, American socialite and fashion leader, born in Beverly Hills, California (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Peter Swinnereton-Dyer, English mathematician, born in Ponteland, Northumberland
  • 1928 Hugh Francis Lamprey, British ecologist (d. 1996)
  • 1929 John Gale, British theatrical producer (Chichester Festival), born in Chigwell, Essex, England
  • 1929 John Hannam, British Conservative politician (MP for Exeter 1970-97)
  • 1929 Lord David Waddington, British politician (Home Secretary 1989-90), born in Burnley (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Ron de Lugo, American politician (Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from the U.S. Virgin Islands' at-large district 1981-95), born in Englewood, New Jersey
  • 1930 Vali Myers, Australian painter, born in Canterbury, Sydney (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Pierre DuMaine, American Roman Catholic bishop, born in Paducah, Kentucky
  • 1933 Alan Tuffin, British trade union leader (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Valery Bykovsky, Soviet cosmonaut (Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, 31), born in Pavlovsky Posad, Russia
  • 1935 Brian Wolfson, British CEO (Wembley Stadium Ltd), born in Merseyside (d. 2007)
  • 1935 Derek Anthony Enright, British Labour politician, born in Thornaby-on-Tees, North Riding of Yorkshire (d. 1995)
  • 1936 Christopher Hogg, British industrialist and CEO (Courtaulds & Reuters)
  • 1937 Ronald Brierley, New Zealand investor and company director, born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • 1938 Pierre de Bané, French Canadian politician (Senator for De la Vallière, Quebec), born in Haifa, British Mandate for Palestine
  • 1939 Benjamin Barber, American political theorist (Jihad vs. McWorld), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)

Isabel AllendeIsabel Allende (80 years old)

1942 Chilean-American author (The House of the Spirits, City of the Beasts), born in Lima, Peru

  • 1943 Jeltje van Nieuwenhoven, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Noordwolde, Netherlands
  • 1943 Rose Tremain, British novelist and playwright (Restoration), born in London, England
  • 1945 Alex Jesaulenko, Australian rules footballer, born in Salzburg, Austria
  • 1945 Jewell Jackson McCabe, American feminist and social and political activist who led the National Coalition of 100 Black Women movement in the 1970s, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1945 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • 1948 Robert Holdstock, English sci-fi author (Ghost Dance, Labyrinth), born in Hythe, England (d. 2009)
  • 1949 Bertalan Farkas, Hungarian cosmonaut (Soyuz 36/35), born in Gyulaháza, Hungary
  • 1949 James Fallows, American writer and journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1950 Lance Ito, American judge (O.J. Simpson trial), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1950 Sue Rodriguez, Canadian assisted suicide advocate, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1994)
  • 1951 Per Westerberg, Swedish politician (Speaker of the Riksdag), born in Nyköping, Sweden
  • 1952 Paul David Crews, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in South Carolina (d. 2022)
  • 1954 James Charles Kopp, American citizen who murdered Barnett Slepian, born in Pasadena, California
  • 1955 Anne Lacaton, French architect (Lacaton & Vassal, Pritzker Prize 2021), born in Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière, France
  • 1955 Caleb Carr, American novelist and military historian, born in Manhattan, New York
  • 1956 Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist, astrophysicist and author, born in Gorizia, Italy
  • 1957 Jacky Rosen, American politician (Senator-D-Nevada 2019-), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1958 Chi Chia-wei, Taiwanese gay rights activist, born in Taiwan
  • 1963 Daniel Pelosi, American convicted murderer, born in Center Moriches, New York
  • 1968 Chrystia Freeland, Canadian politician (Deputy Prime Minister 2019-), born in Peace River, Alberta
  • 1970 Kevin Smith, American director (Chasing Amy, Mallrats, Clerks, born in Red bank, New Jersey
  • 1983 Nick Diaz, American MMA fighter, born in Stockton, California
  • 1986 Mathieu Razanakolona, Malagasy-Canadian skier, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1991 Gabe Cohen, American journalist, son of journalists Meredith Viera & Richard Cohen