On This Day

Birthdays in History on August 21

  • 1165 Philip II Augustus, 1st great Capetian King of France (1179-1223), born in Gonesse, France (d. 1223)
  • 1535 Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord, born in Kagoshima, Japan (d. 1619)
  • 1567 Francois de Sales, French bishop of Geneva, writer and saint, born in Sainte-Mondane, France (d. 1622)
  • 1597 Roger Twysden, English antiquarian and royalist, born in East Peckham, Kent, England (d. 1672)
  • 1643 Afonso VI, mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1683)
  • 1660 Hubert Gautier, French engineer, wrote 1st book on bridge building, born in Nîmes, France (d. 1737)
  • 1665 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician, born in Perinaldo, Italy (d. 1729)
  • 1670 James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, French military leader, born in Moulins, France (d. 1734)
  • 1721 Lucretia Wilhelmina van Merken, Dutch poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 1789)
  • 1725 Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter, born in Tournus, France (d. 1805)
  • 1754 William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (oscillating cylinder steam engine), born in Cumnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1839)
  • 1754 Banastre Tarleton, British soldier and politician (Waxhaws Massacre), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1833)
  • 1765 William IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1830-37), born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1837)
  • 1780 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slovenian Grammar), born in Repnje, Slovenia (d. 1844)
  • 1789 Augustin-Louis Cauchy, French mathematician and physicist, born in Paris (d. 1857)
  • 1798 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France, L'Amour), born in Paris (d. 1874)

  • 1800 Hiram Walden, American politician, born in Pawlet, Vermont (d. 1880)
  • 1801 Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer, Dutch statesman and historian, born in Voorburg, Netherlands (d. 1876)
  • 1810 Thomas Jefferson McKean, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Burlington, Pennsylvania (d. 1870)
  • 1811 William Kelly, American inventor (pneumatic process of steelmaking), born in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • 1813 Jean Stas, Belgian chemist, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1891)
  • 1816 Charles Frédéric Gerhardt, French chemist, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1856)
  • 1821 William Barksdale, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Smyrna, Tennessee (d. 1863)
  • 1824 John Sanford Mason, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1897)
  • 1826 Karl Gegenbaur, German anatomist, born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1903)

Person of interestRudolf, Crown Prince of Austria

1858 Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph, Crown Prince of Austria and heir apparent to the Imperial throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, born in Schloss Laxenburg, Lower Austria, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1889)

  • 1871 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1919)
  • 1872 Aubrey Beardsley, English artist (Salome), born in Brighton, England (d. 1898)
  • 1874 Herman Adriaan van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1918-27), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • 1875 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)

Person of interestClaude Grahame-White

1879 Claude Grahame-White, English aviation pioneer who was the 1st to make a night flight, born in Bursledon, England (d. 1959)

Aviation Pioneer Claude Grahame-White
Aviation Pioneer
Claude Grahame-White
  • 1880 Johan H. Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter and leader of Order Service (OD), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • 1891 Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World's oldest living man 2004-2007, born in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico (d. 2007)

Person of interestBugs Moran

1891 [George] Bugs Moran, American gangster, born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1957)

Gangster Bugs Moran
Gangster
Bugs Moran
  • 1896 Raymond Herreman, Belgian poet, journalist and writer (Jericho's Rose), born in Menen, Belgium (d. 1971)
  • 1906 Marcel Bleustein-Blanchet, French advertising magnate and Founder of Publicis Groupe, born in Enghien-les-Bains, France (d. 1996)

  • 1907 Roy K. Marshall, American astronomer and TV scientist (Nature of Things)
  • 1908 M. M. Kaye, British writer (The Far Pavilions), born in Shimla, India (d. 2004)
  • 1909 C. Dillon Douglas, US Secretary of Treasury (1961-65), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 2003)
  • 1909 Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician, born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Man Singh II, Maharajah of Jaipur State, born in Rajuptana Agency (d. 1970)
  • 1913 Victor Rosow, Russian dramatist, born in Yaroslavl (d. 2004)
  • 1914 Dallas Pratt, American collector (The American Museum in Britain), born in Islip, New York (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Joshua Hassan, first Chief Minister of Gibraltar (1964-69, 72-87), born in Gibraltar (d. 1997)
  • 1916 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Christopher R. Milne, son of Alan A. Milne (Winnie the Pooh), born in Chelsea, London (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Arthur "Art" Janov, American psychologist and psychotherapist notable for creating primal therapy (The Primal Scream), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • 1924 Gerald D. Lascelles, son of English princess Mary, born in Goldsborough Hall, Yorkshire (d. 1952)
  • 1927 Thomas Monson, 16th president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Mário Pinto de Andrade, Angolan poet and politician who founded the Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), born in Golungo Alto, Portuguese Angola (d. 1990)
  • 1929 Ahmed "Kathy" Kathrada, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, born in Schweizer-Reneke (d. 2017)
  • 1929 X. J. Kennedy, American poet and author (Nude Descending a Staircase), born in New Jersey, Iowa
  • 1930 Margaret Rose, Countess of Snowdon, Sister of Queen Elizabeth II, born in Glamis Castle, Scotland (d. 2002)
  • 1936 Mart Crowley, American playwright (Boys in the Band), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 1936 Radish Tordia, Georgian painter of Figurative Art, born in Abasha, Georgia
  • 1937 Robert Stone, American novelist (Dog Soldiers, WUSA), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)

  • 1937 Donald Campbell Dewar, Scottish politician (1st minister of Scotland's first Parliament in almost 300yrs), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1939 Festus Mogae, 3rd President of Botswana (1998-2008), born in Serowe, Bechuanaland, Botswana
  • 1940 Ana Isabel Anderson-Imbert, Argentinian rheumatologist, born in Buenos Aires
  • 1944 Doug Young, American national and world powerlifting champion, born in Abilene, Texas (d. 2005)
  • 1944 Perry Christie, 3rd Prime Minister of the Bahamas, born in Nassau, Bahamas
  • 1947 Mary Simon, Canadian diplomat and Inuit rights advocate, first indigenous Governor General of Canada, born in Kangiqsualujjuaq, Quebec
  • 1950 Arthur Bremer, American criminal who shot George Wallace in May 1972 leaving him paralyzed, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1951 Eric Goles, Chilean mathematician and computer scientist, born in Antofagasta, Chile
  • 1951 Margo Kane, Canadian playwright, born in Edmonton, Canada
  • 1952 Jiří Paroubek, former Czech prime minister, born in Olomouc, Czech Republic
  • 1957 Janice Thomas, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1963 Mohammed VI of Morocco, King of Morocco (1999-present), born in Rabat, Morocco
  • 1971 Robert Harvey, Australian Rules Footballer (St Kilda Football Club), born in Seaford, Australia

Person of interestSergey Brin

1973 Sergey Brin, Russian-born American computer scientist and businessman (co-founded Google with Larry Page), born in Moscow, Soviet Union

Co-Founder of Google Sergey Brin
Co-Founder of Google
Sergey Brin
  • 1974 Amy Fisher, shot Mary Jo Buttafucco, born in Long Island, New York