Birthdays in History on August 22

  • 1485 Beatus Rhenanus [Beatus Birt], German humanist, classical scholar and friend of Erasmus (Beatus Rhenanus Library), born in Sélestat, Alsace (d. 1547)
  • 1601 Georges de Scudéry, French writer and dramatist (L'Amour tyrannique), born in Le Havre, France (d. 1667)
  • 1624 Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer and poet, born in Caen, France (d. 1701)
  • 1647 Denis Papin, French physicist (Papiniaanse pot, steam machine), born in Blois, France (d. 1712)
  • 1679 Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1758)
  • 1760 Leo XII [Annibale Sermattei], Italian Pope (1823-29), born in Genga, Marche, Italy (d. 1829)
  • 1764 Charles Percier, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1838)
  • 1771 Henry Maudslay, English inventor of the metal lathe, born in Woolwich, London (d. 1831)

Aimé BonplandAimé Bonpland (1773-1858)

French explorer and botanist who traveled with Alexander von Humboldt, born in La Rochelle, France (birth date disputed)

  • 1779 James Kirke Paulding, American author (The Dutchman's Fireside), born in Pleasant Valley, NY (d. 1860)
  • 1788 Thomas Tredgold, British civil engineer (railway design), carpenter, and writer (Elementary Principles of Carpentry), born in Brandon, Durham, England (d. 1829)
  • 1795 Abraham Capadose, Dutch physician and missionary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1874)
  • 1800 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1865)
  • 1800 William S. Harney, U.S. general, born in Madison, Tennessee (d. 1889)
  • 1822 George Stoneman, US Union general-major and Governor of California (1883-87), born in Busti, NY (d. 1894)
  • 1827 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician, born in Vermont (d. 1906)
  • 1827 Joseph Anthony Mower, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodstock, Vermont (d. 1870)
  • 1834 Nathaniel Harrison Harris, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Natchez, Mississippi (d. 1900)
  • 1834 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1836 Archibald M Willard, American artist (Spirit of '76), born in Bedford, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1844 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in NYC, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1845 William Lewis Douglas, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • 1846 Amalie Skram, Norwegian author (Hellemyrsfolket), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1905)
  • 1848 Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (Founder of Chicago Daily News), born in Hudson, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • 1852 Alfredo Oriani, Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy), born in Faenza, Italy (d. 1909)
  • 1854 Milan I, King of Serbia, born in Mărășești, Romania (d. 1901)
  • 1860 Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Trzebiechów, Zielona Góra County, Poland (d. 1917)
  • 1860 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award), born in Lebork, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1865 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • 1867 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor (altimeter, automobile self-starter, and early television pioneer), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1867 Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist, born in Aarau, Switzerland (d. 1939)
  • 1868 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, born in Jamestown, NY (d. 1958)
  • 1873 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1874 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1876 Cornelis "Kees" Maks, Dutch figurative painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • 1880 George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1944)
  • 1880 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet, born in Finkenwerder, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1916)
  • 1888 Du Yuesheng, Chinese mob boss, born in Gaoqiao, Shanghai (d. 1951)
  • 1890 Floyd Henri Allport, American psychologist and sociologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1979)
  • 1891 Jacques Lipchitz, Polish-French-American painter and cubist sculptor, born in Druskininkai, Lithuania (d. 1973)

Dorothy ParkerDorothy Parker (1893-1967)

American poet (Enough Rope), short story writer and satirist (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award), born in Long Branch, New Jersey

  • 1894 Ivan Isakov [Hovhannes Ter-Isahakyan], Russian-Armenian military commander (Commander in Chief of the Soviet Navy during World War II), born in Hadjikend, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1895 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician, born in Pierreville, Quebec (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Laurence McKinley Gould, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929, born in Lacota, Michigan (d. 1995)
  • 1900 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • 1902 Jack Roy Armstrong, English historian (History of Sussex), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1993)
  • 1902 Thomas Pelly, American politician, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1973)
  • 1903 René Wellek, Czech-American writer (Concepts of Criticism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping (1904-1997)

Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), born in Guang'an, Sichuan

  • 1907 Colin Buchanan, British town planner (Traffic in Towns), born in Simla, India (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Cyril Astley Clarke, British physician and geneticist, born in Leicester, England (d. 2000)

Henri Cartier-BressonHenri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004)

French photographer famous for 'The Decisive Moment', born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, France

  • 1909 Stojan Daskalov, Bulgarian writer (A Farm), born in Liljac, Vraca, Bulgaria (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Somerset de Chair, British writer, MP and poet, born in Somerset (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Edith Porada, Austrian art historian and archaeologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Richard Catling, British commissioner of police (Kenya), born in Leiston, Suffolk (d. 2005)
  • 1913 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, born in Marina di Pisa, Italy (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Robert Martineau, British bishop of Blackburn (d. 1999)
  • 1915 David Dellinger, American social rights and peace movement leader, born in Wakefield, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1915 James Hillier, Canadian-American inventor (co-created the electron microscope), born in Brantford, Canada (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Mary McGrory, American journalist and columnist, born in Roslindale, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Alan Cathcart, 6th Earl Cathcart, British major-general (d. 1999)
  • 1919 Leo Pliatzky, British senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Anthony Tuke, chairman of Barclays Bank (1973–81) (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artificial heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Pierre A. Lauffer, Antillian poet (Patria), born in Curacao, Venezuela (d. 1981)
  • 1920 Ray Bradbury, American sci-fi author (Fahrenheit 451), born in Waukegan, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • 1921 James Menter, British physicist and principal (Queen Mary College), born in Teynham, Kent (d. 2006)
  • 1923 Gerald Long, English journalist and CEO of Reuters, born in York, England (d. 1998)
  • 1924 Peter Allsop, President of the Publishers Association (1975-77)
  • 1926 Marc Bohan, French fashion designer, born in Paris
  • 1928 Tinga Seisay, Sierra Leonean diplomat and pro-democracy advocate, born in Moyamba, Sierra Leone
  • 1929 Baroness Ewart-Biggs, British (Labour) spokesperson on Home Affairs, born in British India
  • 1929 Harry McPherson, presidential counsel (Lyndon Johnson) and lobbyist, born in Tyler, Texas (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Gerald P Carr, Col USMC/astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1932 Theoni Vachliotis Aldredge, Greek-American award-winning costume designer, born in Thessaloniki, Greece (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Irmtraud Morgner, German writer, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1990)

Norman SchwarzkopfNorman Schwarzkopf (1934-2012)

US Army General and commander of coalition forces in the Gulf War, born in Trenton, New Jersey

  • 1935 E. Annie Proulx, American author (Postcards), born in Norwich, Connecticut
  • 1936 Anne Downey, British circuit judge
  • 1937 Max Hebditch, British director (Museum of London), born in Yeovil, England
  • 1940 Antony Crosthwaite-Eyre, English publisher and multi-millionaire
  • 1940 John Banham, British director-general (CBI)
  • 1941 Hannspeter Winter, Austrian plasma physicist, born in Wels (d. 2006)
  • 1941 Michael Aldrich, British inventor (online shopping), born in Brocket Hall, England (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Thomas Lovejoy, American conservation biologist who coined the term "biodiversity", born in New York City (d. 2021)
  • 1942 Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), born in Kırşehir, Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1943 Alun Michael, British Labour and Co-operative politician, born in Bryngwran, Anglesey
  • 1943 Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist, born in Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
  • 1944 Henk Veldhoen, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Heinenoord, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1945 Derek Fatchett, British Labour politician, born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1999)
  • 1945 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1946 Felix Meurders, Dutch radio host, born in Maastricht, Netherlands
  • 1947 Bud Cramer, American politician (Rep-D-Alabama), born in Huntsville, Alabama
  • 1949 Alfred Musema, Rwandan genocidaire, born in Byumba, Rwanda
  • 1949 Þórarinn Eldjárn, Icelandic writer (The Blue Tower), born in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 1950 I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Advisor to Vice President Dick Cheney and convicted felon, born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1951 Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician, born in Chokpur, Taplejung District, Nepal
  • 1955 Will Shetterly, American writer (Dogland), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1959 Pia Gjellerup, Danish Social Democrat politician, born in Frederiksberg, Denmark
  • 1962 Marie Laurie Mahabir, North American Bodybuilding Champ (1985-87), born in Le Moule, Guadeloupe
  • 1968 Rich Lowry, American magazine editor and columnist, born in Arlington Country, Virginia
  • 1970 Charlie Connelly, English writer (Attention All Shipping), born in London