Birthdays in History on August 26

  • 1540 King Magnus of Livonia (d. 1583)
  • 1596 Frederik V, king of Bohemia (White Mountain)

Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole (1676-1745)

1st British Prime Minister (Whig: 1721-42), born in Houghton, Norfolk, England

  • 1694 Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
  • 1728 Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (d. 1777)
  • 1736 Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
  • 1740 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, French balloonists (invented Montgolfier balloon), born in Annonay, France (d. 1810)
  • 1743 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)
  • 1775 William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)
  • 1789 Abbas Mirza, Crown Prince of Qājār dynasty of Iran, introduced Western military techniques, born in Nava, Mazandaran (d. 1833)
  • 1792 Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan politician and nationalist, 2nd President of Uruguay (1835-38), born in Montevideo, Río de la Plata (d. 1857)
  • 1808 Benjamin Grubb Humphreys, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Claiborne County, Mississippi (d. 1882)
  • 1811 Danville Leadbetter, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • 1813 Nicaise de Keyser, Flemish painter (Battle of Guilder Tracks)
  • 1819 Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Consort of British queen Victoria, born at Schloss Rosenau, nr Coburg, Germany (d. 1861)
  • 1820 James Harlan, American politician (Rep-Iowa), US Secretary of Interior (1865-66), born in Clark County, Illinois (d. 1899)
  • 1826 Princess Alexandra of Bavaria, German princess and writer, born at Schloss Johannisburg, Aschaffenburg (d. 1875)
  • 1833 Charles Jackson Paine, American railroad executive, soldier, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)
  • 1835 Theodore Washington Brevard, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Tuskegee, Alabama (d. 1882)
  • 1842 Heinrich Quincke, German internist and surgeon (introduced lumbar puncture), born in Frankfurt an der Oder (d. 1922)

Mary Ann NicholsMary Ann Nichols (1845-1888)

English prostitute and 1st victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London

  • 1850 Charles Richet, French physiologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1913 for work on anaphylaxis), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • 1862 Herbert Booth, American son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)
  • 1870 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok), born in Narovchat, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Sept 7]
  • 1873 Lee De Forest, American inventor (Audion vacuum (radio) tube), born in Council Bluffs, Iowa (d. 1961)
  • 1874 Zona Gale, American novelist and playwright, 1st woman to win Pulitzer Prize for Drama (1921), born in Portage, Wisconsin (d. 1938)
  • 1875 John Buchan, Scottish politician, Governor-General of Canada (1935-40), writer (The Thirty-Nine Steps) and historian, born in Perth, Scotland (d. 1940)
  • 1882 Carl Wilhelm de Vries, Dutch jurist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1967)
  • 1882 James Franck, German-American physicist (Nobel Prize for Physics 1925), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1882 Johannes Lindeboom, Dutch vicar and church historian (Neth Archives), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • 1884 Earl Derr Biggers, American author ("Charlie Chan" detective series), born in Warren, Ohio (d. 1933)
  • 1885 Jules Romains, French novelist, playwright and poet (Men of Good Will), born in Saint-Julien-Chapteuil, France (d. 1972)
  • 1891 Emmy van Lokhorst, Dutch author
  • 1891 Ferdinand Bruckner [Theodor Tagger], Austrian-German playwright (Races), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1958)
  • 1896 Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization), born in Novo Selo, Ottoman Empire (d. 1990)
  • 1897 Yoon Boseon, Korean politician, President of South Korea (1960-62), born in Asan, Joseon (d. 1990)
  • 1898 Peggy Guggenheim, American art patron & collector, born in NYC, New York (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1991)
  • 1900 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (rocket engines and gas turbines), born in Wedel, Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1901 Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1901 Jan de Quay, Dutch minister of war and premier (KVP, 1959-63)
  • 1901 Maxwell D. Taylor, American general (commander of WWII 101 Airborne Division) US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1962-64), born in Keytesville, Missouri (d. 1987)
  • 1904 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist (Goodbye to Berlin), born in High Lane, Cheshire (d. 1986)

Albert SabinAlbert Sabin (1906-1993)

Polish American physician who invented the oral polio vaccine, born in Bialystok, Russian Empire

  • 1908 W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)
  • 1909 Frank Gasparro, US chief engraver (1965-81), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mother TeresaMother Teresa (1910-1997)

Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire

  • 1914 Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (Blow-Up, Underground Game), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • 1916 Allan Merson, English historian and communist, born in Monkseaton, England (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Virginia Hill, American organized crime figure (girlfriend of Bugsy Siegel), born in Lipscomb, Alabama (d. 1966)
  • 1917 William French Smith, American lawyer and US Attorney General (1981-85), born in Wilton, New Hampshire (d. 1990)
  • 1920 Brant Parker, American cartoonist (co-created and drew The Wizard of Oz), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2007)

Ben BradleeBen Bradlee (1921-2014)

American editor, journalist and newspaper executive (Washington Post), born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • 1921 Naomi Parker Fraley, American who inspired "Rosie the Riveter" poster, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2018)
  • 1925 Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Jack Hirshleifer, American economist, educator, and author, born in Brooklyn, NYC (d. 2005)
  • 1925 Sangharakshita, Buddhist Philosopher, Founder of the Western Buddhist Order
  • 1927 B. V. [Balkrishna] Doshi, Indian architect (Pritzker Prize 2018), born in Pune, India
  • 1927 Sam Massell, American politician (1st Jewish Mayor of Atlanta), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1928 Naïm Kattan, Canadian novelist and essayist, born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2021)
  • 1931 Gordon Greig, British political journalist (Daily Mail) (d. 1995)
  • 1931 Guy Vander Jagt, American politician (Rep-R-MI, 1966-93), born in Cadillac, Michigan (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Joe H. Engle, American USAF Major General, test pilot (X-15), and NASA astronaut (STS-2; STS-51-I), born in Chapman, Kansas
  • 1934 Gordon Clough, English journalist (BBC Radio 4), born in Salford, England (d. 1996)
  • 1935 Cornelis B. Vaandrager [Cor Vaan], Dutch poet (Long Live Joop Massaker)

Geraldine FerraroGeraldine Ferraro (1935-2011)

American politician (US Representative from New York (D), 1979-85), and the 1st female vice-presidential nominee (1984), born in Newburgh, New York

Jorge Paulo LemannJorge Paulo Lemann (83 years old)

1939 Swiss-Brazilian investor, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • 1941 Barbet Schroeder, Iranian-Swiss director (Barfly, Single White Female, More), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1942 John E. Blaha, American USAF/astronaut (STS 29, 33, 43, 58, 79/81), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1944 Richard, English prince and Duke of Gloucester, born in Northampton, England
  • 1945 Melvin Watt, American politician (Rep-D-North Carolina 1993-2014), born in Steele Creek, North Carolina
  • 1945 Tom Ridge, American politician, (1st US Secretary of Homeland Security, Rep-R-Pennsylvania), born in Munhall, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 Robert Torricelli, American politician (Rep-D-New Jersey, 1983-97, Senator-New Jersey 1997-2003), born in Paterson, New Jersey
  • 1952 Will Shortz, American crossword editor (New York Times), born in Crawfordsville, Indiana
  • 1954 Efren Reyes 'The Magician', Filipino professional pool player, born in Mexico, Philippines
  • 1956 Maneka Gandhi, Indian politician and activist, wife of Sanjay Gandhi, born in Delhi, India
  • 1959 Kathryn P Hire, American Lt Commander USN/astronaut (sk: STS 90), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1960 Keith Raniere, American sex cult leader (Nxivm) and felon, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1962 Tariq Ramadan, Islamic scholar, born in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1964 Daphne Caruana Galizia, Maltese journalist (Panama Papers), born in Sliema, Malta (d. 2017)
  • 1967 Michael Gove, British politician, born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • 1974 Eric D. Snider, American humor columnist / movie reviewer, born in Lake Elsinore, California
  • 1988 Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este