Birthdays in History on August 27

  • 1407 Ashikaga Yoshikazu, 5th Japanese shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1425)
  • 1471 George the Bearded, Duke of Saxony (1500-39), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1539)
  • 1487 Anna of Brandenburg, Queen of Denmark, born in Berlin (d. 1514)
  • 1545 Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Italian diplomat, born in Rome (d. 1592)
  • 1630 Maria van Oosterwijck, Dutch flower painter, born in Nootdorp, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • 1637 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland, born in Salisbury, England (d. 1715)
  • 1665 John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (d. 1751)
  • 1666 Ivan V, co-tsar of Russia (1682-89), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1696)
  • 1669 Anne Marie of Orléans, Queen of Italy, born in Château de Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1728)
  • 1677 Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal, born in Ödenburg, Austria (d. 1748)
  • 1698 Baal Shem Tov, Jewish mystical rabbi (founder of the Hasidic Judaism), born in Okopy Świętej Trójcy, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1760)
  • 1719 Jan Nepveu, Dutch governor of Suriname (1768-79), born in Amsterdam (d. 1779)
  • 1724 John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American Continental Congressman, born in St. Gall, Switzerland (d. 1781)
  • 1730 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1788)
  • 1752 Herman Muntinghe, Dutch theologist (History of Mankind), born in Termunten, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1824)
  • 1768 Anne François Mellinet, French-Belgian general (Maastricht), born in Corbeil-Essonnes, France (d. 1852)
  • 1770 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher and inventor (dialectic), born in Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1831)
  • 1803 Edward Beecher, American theologian, born in East Hampton, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1809 Hannibal Hamlin, American attorney and 15th Vice President of U.S. (1861-65), born in Paris, Massachusetts (d. 1891)
  • 1824 Hiram Gregory Berry, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Thomaston, Main (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Frank Stillman Nickerson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swanville, Maine (d. 1917)
  • 1832 James A. Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta County, Virginia (d. 1901)
  • 1835 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author and painter, born in Sint-Martens-Latem, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • 1839 Emory Upton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Batavia, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1847 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist and bishop of Bridge, born in Rollegem, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • 1849 Manuel Acuña, Mexican poet (Nocturno), born in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexic0 (d. 1873)
  • 1856 Iwan Franko, Ukrainian writer and political activist, born in Nahuievychi, Galicia (d. 1916)
  • 1858 Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician and glottologist, born in Spinetta, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1932)
  • 1865 Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice President of the United States, banker and 1925 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Marietta, Ohio (d. 1951)
  • 1865 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist and anthropologist, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 1935)
  • 1869 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1946)
  • 1870 Amado Nervo [Juan Crisóstomo Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican writer and poet, born in Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico (d. 1919)
  • 1871 Theodore Dreiser, American novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1945)
  • 1874 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931), born in Cologne, German Empire (d. 1940)
  • 1875 Katharine McCormick, American biologist, suffragist and philanthropist, born in Dexter, Michigan (d. 1967)

Charles RollsCharles Rolls (1877-1910)

British aviator and auto manufacturer who co-founded Rolls Royce, born in Berkeley Square, London

  • 1877 Ernst Wetter, Member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Töss, Winterthur, Switzerland (d. 1963)
  • 1877 Lloyd C. Douglas, American novelist (The Big Fisherman), born in Columbia City, Indiana (d. 1951)
  • 1884 Vincent Auriol, President of France (1947-53), born in Revel, France (d. 1966)
  • 1890 Man Ray, American artist and photographer (Dada), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • 1899 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1966)
  • 1903 Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nocturno de los Angeles), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1950)
  • 1904 John Hay Whitney, American financier and philanthropist, born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • 1904 Norah Lofts, British author (The Town House), born in Shipdham, Norfolk, England (d. 1983)
  • 1905 Alexander Johnston, CEO (Board of Inland Revenue)
  • 1908 Kurt Wegner, German artist, born in Köln, Germany (d. 1985)

Lyndon B. JohnsonLyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973)

36th US President (Democrat: 1963-69), born in Stonewall, Texas

  • 1909 Sidney R. Yates, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Johnny Eck [Eckhardt], American sideshow performer, actor (Freaks; Tarzan films), magician, and artist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Patience Edney, British nurse and communist, born in Orpington, Kent, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Peter Gretton, British vice admiral, born in Franham, Surrey (d. 1992)
  • 1913 Arthur Benfield, head of Cheshire CID, born in Ashton Upon Mersey, England (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Donald M. MacKinnon, Scottish philosopher, born in Oban, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Stewart Crawford, British diplomat
  • 1914 Catherine Marshall, American editor and writer, born in Johnson City, Tennessee (d. 1983)
  • 1915 Walter Heller, economist (Old Myths & New Realities), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1918 Lord Winstanley, British MP (Labour) (d. 1993)
  • 1919 John Donkin Dormand, Baron Dormand of Easington, British politician (Labour Party), born in Haswell, County Durham, England (d. 2003)
  • 1920 James Molyneaux [Baron Molyneaux of Killead], MP (Ulster unionist), born in Killead, Ireland (d. 2015)
  • 1921 Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Nice, France (d. 1996)
  • 1924 David Rowbotham, Australian poet and journalist, born in Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Richard Rutt, English bishop of Leicester, born in Lengford, England (d. 2011)
  • 1926 Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian computer scientist, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 2002)
  • 1927 Hugh Byatt, British diplomat, born in Edinburgh (d. 2011)
  • 1928 Jack Thompson, British politician (Labour), born in Ashington, England (d. 2011)
  • 1928 Mangosuthu Buthelezi, South African politician (Chief Minister of KwaZulu 1972-94), born in Mahlabathini, Natal, South Africa
  • 1929 Ira Levin, American author (Rosemary Baby, Boys From Brazil, This Perfect Day), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1930 John Daly, British trade union leader
  • 1930 John Watts, British army and Chief of Defense (Omani Armed Forces), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Sri Chinmoy, Indian guru, born in Shakpura, British India (now Bangladesh) (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Antonia Fraser, British author and biographer (Mary Queen of Scots), born in London, England
  • 1932 Mikhail Nikolayevich Burdayev, Feodosina Krim, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Joke Smit, Dutch feminist
  • 1935 Frank Yablans, American writer (North Dallas Forty), born in NYC, New York
  • 1935 Michael Holroyd, author
  • 1936 Joel Kovel, American politician
  • 1937 Mark Potter, British court judge
  • 1940 Brooksley Born, American attorney, first female president of the Stanford Law Review, and public official (Commodity Futures Trading Commission Chair, 1996-99; Profiles in Courage Award, 2009), born in San Francisco, California [1]
  • 1940 David Hart, gen-sect (National Association of Head Teachers)
  • 1941 Yuri Vassilyevich Malyshev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-2, T-11)
  • 1942 Brian Peckford, Canadian politician
  • 1943 Bob Kerrey, (Sen-D Nebraska)
  • 1944 Wim Jurg, corrector/chairman (Werelddambond FMJD)
  • 1947 Jacques Arnold, MP (Conservative)
  • 1949 Andrew McKay, conservative MP
  • 1950 Edmund Weiner, British lexicographer (Oxford English Dictionary), philologist, and co-author (The Ring of Words: Tolkien and the Oxford English Dictionary), born in Oxford, England
  • 1952 Don Miguel Ruiz, Mexican spiritual teacher and author (The Four Agreements), born in Guadalajara, Mexico
  • 1952 Roger Stone, American political lobbyist, born in Norwalk, Connecticut
  • 1954 Mike Kelley, Wayne, Michigan, artist (More Love Hours Than Can Ever Be Repaid), (d. 2012)
  • 1958 Kathy Hochul, American lawyer and politician, 1st female Governor of New York (2021-), born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1958 Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev, Russian cosmonaut (TM-7, TM-12, STS 60)
  • 1958 Stalking Cat [Dennis Avner], body modifier (world record holder in body modification), born in Flint, Michigan (d. 2012)
  • 1958 Tom Lanoye, Belgian author
  • 1959 Juan Fernando Cobo, Colombian artist
  • 1959 Leila de Lima, Filipino lawyer, Senator, Chair of the Philippine Senate Electoral Reforms and People's Participation Committee, born in Iriga, Philippines
  • 1961 Tom Ford, American fashion designer
  • 1966 Juhan Parts, Prime Minister of Estonia
  • 1969 Avril Haines, American lawyer, 1st female Director of National Intelligence (2021-), born in New York City
  • 1969 Cesar Millan, Culiacan Mexico, professional dog trainer
  • 1975 Jonny Moseley, American skier
  • 1985 Alexandra Nechita, Romanian-American artist
  • 1986 Sebastian Kurz, Austrian politician, Austrian Chancellor (201709), Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), born in Vienna, Austria