Birthdays in History on August 28

  • 865 Rhazes [Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī], Persian physician, born in Ray, Persia (d. 925)
  • 1025 Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan, 70th Emperor of Japan, born in Heian-kyō, Japan (d. 1068)
  • 1582 Taichang Emperor [Zhu Changluo], 14th Emperor of the Ming dynasty of China, born in Beijing (d. 1620)

George Villiers

1592 George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham and English courtier who was a favorite of King James I, born in Brooksby, England (d. 1628)

  • 1612 Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch scholar, born in Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands (d. 1653)
  • 1667 Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen of Denmark and Norway, born in Güstrow, Germany (d. 1721)
  • 1691 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1750)
  • 1694 Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, born in Wolfenbüttel, Germany (d. 1715)
  • 1713 Louis-Auguste d'Affry, French general and ambassador to Netherland, born in Versailles, France (d. 1793)
  • 1714 Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, born in Bevern, Germany (d. 1774)
  • 1728 John Stark, American military officer (Battle of Bennington), born in Londonderry, New Hampshire (d. 1822)

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

1749 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer and social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt am Main, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1832)

Elizabeth Ann Seton

1774 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st American Catholic saint (1975), born in NYC, New York (d. 1821)

  • 1789 Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden, born in Versailles, France (d. 1860)
  • 1794 Johannes Zwijsen, Dutch archbishop (Utrecht Netherlands), born in Kerkdriel, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1795 Joannes Paredis, Belgian Bishop of Roermond, born in Bree, Belgium (d. 1886)
  • 1798 Gershom Jaques Van Brunt, U.S. Army (Union Navy), born in Monmouth County, New Jersey (d. 1863)
  • 1801 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), born in Gray, France (d. 1877)
  • 1814 Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (The House by the Churchyard), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1873)
  • 1824 Carel van Nispen of Sevenaer, Dutch Catholic politician, born in Zevenaar, Netherlands (d. 1884)
  • 1827 Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1828 William Alexander Hammond, American military physician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, 1st lady of the United States (1877-81), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1889)
  • 1833 Edward Burne-Jones, English Pre-Raphaelite painter and designer, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1898)
  • 1840 Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant, born in Aberlour, Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1841 Louis Le Prince, French artist and original inventor of the motion picture camera sometimes called "the father of cinematography", born in Metz, France (d. 1890)
  • 1842 Willem Linnig The Younger, Flemish painter and graphic artist, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • 1853 Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor, born in Grayvoron, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1878 George Whipple, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934), born in Ashland, New Hampshire (d. 1976)

Peter Fraser

1884 Peter Fraser, British-born New Zealand statesman and 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940-49), born in Hill of Fearn, Scotland (d. 1950)

  • 1885 Vance Palmer, Australian author, born in Bundaberg, Australia (d. 1959)
  • 1894 Charles Aubroeck, Belgian painter and sculptor (Iron Tower) (d. 1986)
  • 1898 Ludwig Turek, German writer, born in Stendal, Germany (d. 1975)
  • 1901 Cees Kelk, Dutch writer (Dance of Young Feet), born in Amsterdam (d. 1981)
  • 1903 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian-American psycho-analyst (Uses of Enchantment), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1990)
  • 1904 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1980)
  • 1906 John Betjeman, poet (Mount Zion) and English Poet Laureate (1972-1984), born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1908 Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and writer (How to Know Birds), born in Jamestown, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch-American economist (Nobel 1975), born in 's-Graveland, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Jose Antonio Giron, Spanish politician, born in Herrera de Pisuerga, Spain (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Joseph Luns, Dutch Foreign Minister and Secretary General (NATO), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Ruurd Faber, Dutch politcian and Mayor of Aalten (1971-75), born in Veenhuizen, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1913 John Terence Reese, British bridge master, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist essayist/dramatist, born in Thamesville, Ontario (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Tasha Tudor, American illustrator and children's books author (Pumpkin Moonshine, Corgiville Fair), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2008)
  • 1916 C. Wright Mills, American sociologist and writer (The Power Elite), born in Waco, Texas (d. 1962)
  • 1916 Jack [Holbrook] Vance, American sci-fi author (2 Hugo, Dirdir, Pnume), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)

Jack Kirby

1917 Jack Kirby, American cartoonist (X-Men; Spider-Man; Hulk; Captain America), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)

  • 1918 Alejandro Agustín Lanusse, President of Argentina (1971-73), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Ernest Harold Martin [Markowitz], American Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Frits Bernard, American clinical psychologist and pedophile activist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • 1921 John Herbert Chapman, Canadian physicist, and space researcher, born in London, Ontario (d. 1979)
  • 1924 Janet Frame, New Zealand novelist (Intensive Care, Owls Do Cry), born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 2004)
  • 1925 Arkady Natanovich Strugatsky, Soviet-Russian sci-fi author (Tale of the Troika), born in Batumi, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1925 Marvin Davis, CEO (Davis Oil Company), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2004)
  • 1928 F. William Free, American advertising executive (I'm Cheryl – Fly Me.), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • 1930 Patriarch Irinej [Miroslav Gavrilović], Head of the Serbian Orthodox Church, born in Vidova, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1931 Tito Capobianco, Argentinian stage impresario, born in La Plata, Argentina
  • 1935 Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician, born in Hull, Quebec, Canada (d. 1998)
  • 1936 Harry McLevy, Scottish trade unionist, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist, born in Rome, Italy
  • 1940 William Cohen, US Secretary of Defense (1997-2001), (Sen (R) Maine, 1979-97), born in Bangor, Maine
  • 1943 Surayud Chulanont, 24th Prime Minister of Thailand (2006-08), born in Prachinburi, Thailand
  • 1944 Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate, born in Utah (d. 2018)
  • 1947 Shoto Tanemura, Japanese martial artist, born in Matsubushi, Saitama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1948 Fred Cole, American rock artist (The Lollipop Shoppe, Dead Moon, Pierced Arrows), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 2017)
  • 1952 Jacques Chagnon, Canadian politician (45th President of the National Assembly), born in Montréal, Québec
  • 1952 Rita Dove, African-American poet (Thomas and Beulah), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1952 Wendelin Wiedeking, German businessman (CEO - Porsche AG), born in Ahlen, Germany
  • 1954 George Church, American geneticist and synthetic biologist, born in MacDill Air Force Base, Florida

Ai Weiwei

1957 Ai Weiwei, Chinese artist and activist (Sunflower Seeds, Remembering), born in Beijing, China

  • 1960 Cunningham T Ngcukana, South African worker's union leader
  • 1960 Leroy Chiao, Taiwanese-American engineer and astronaut (STS 65, 72, sk: 92), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1965 Satoshi Tajiri, Japanese video game designer (Game Freak, creator of the Pokémon franchise), born in Setagaya, Japan
  • 1966 Priya Dutt, Indian social worker and politician, born in Mumbai, India
  • 1967 Frederick Kesner, Philippine-born Australian poet, born in España, Manila

Sheryl Sandberg

1969 Sheryl Sandberg, American technology executive (COO Facebook) and author (Lean In), born in Washington, D.C.

  • 1973 Theaster Gates, American installation artist, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1974 Johan Andersson, Swedish game programmer, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1978 Shaniqua [Linda Miles], American wrestling valet, born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1979 Robert Hoyzer, German football referee, born in Berlin
  • 1986 Gilad Shalit, Israeli soldier held captive in Palestine, born in Nahariya, Israel
  • 1999 Prince Nikolai of Denmark, born in Copenhagen, Denmark