Birthdays in History on August 3

  • 1509 Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer, born in Orléans, France (d. 1546)
  • 1692 John Henley, English clergyman, born in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England (d. 1759)
  • 1753 Charles Stanhope, 3rd earl Stanhope, English radical politician and scientist, born in London (d. 1816)
  • 1770 Frederik Willem III, King of Prussia (1797-1840), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1840)
  • 1803 Joseph Paxton, English landscape architect (Crystal Palace), born in Milton Bryan, Bedfordshire (d. 1865)
  • 1808 Hamilton Fish, American politician (Governor of New York), born in NYC, New York (d. 1893)

Person of interestElisha Otis

1811 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont (d. 1861)

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1816 John E. Smith, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Berne, Switzerland (d. 1897)
  • 1817 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen (Battle at Custozza), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1895)
  • 1818 Joseph Schadde, Flemish architect (New Stock exchange Antwerp), born in Antwerp (d. 1894)
  • 1820 William Miller, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Ithaca, New York (d. 1909)
  • 1823 Thomas Francis Meagre, Irish nationalist and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Waterford, Ireland (d. 1867)
  • 1824 William Burnham Woods, American politician, judge, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • 1833 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher and feminist, born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1902)
  • 1847 Jan de Louter, Dutch lawyer and tutor of Dutch Queen Wilhelmina, born in Amersfoort, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1850 Paulus Adrianus Daum, Dutch writer, founder and editor (Batavian Newspaper), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1898)

  • 1850 Reginald Heber Roe, 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School, born in Blandford, Dorset, England (d. 1926)
  • 1851 Isabella Caroline Somerset, British philanthropist, temperance leader and campaigner for women's rights, born in London (d. 1921)
  • 1856 Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia, born in Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia (d. 1919)
  • 1860 William Kennedy Dickson, Scottish inventor (devised an early motion picture camera), born in Le Minihic-sur-Rance, Brittany, France (d. 1935)

Person of interestStanley Baldwin

1867 Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), born in Bewdley, England (d. 1947)

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1871 Vernon Louis Parrington, American author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928), born in Aurora, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • 1872 Haakon VII, King of Norway (1905-57), born in Charlottenlund Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1957)
  • 1873 Albert Marie Leon Adolphe de Bassompierre, Belgian ambassador to Tokyo (1921-39) (d. 1956)
  • 1874 Eugène Baie, Belgian author (Sub rosa et sub umbra), born in Anderlecht, Belgium (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Rupert Brooke, British WW I poet (The Soldier), born in Rugby, England (d. 1915)
  • 1894 Johan van Maarseveen, Dutch Minister of Justice and Internal minister, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1951)
  • 1898 Karl Kehrle, Benedictine monk and beekeeper, born in Mittelbiberach, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1900 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1900 Ernie Pyle, American correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)
  • 1900 John T. Scopes, American teacher convicted for teaching evolution (Scopes "monkey trial" 1925), born in Dayton, Tennessee (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Stefan Wyszyński, Polish Cardinal, born in Zuzela, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Habib Bourguiba, 1st president of Tunisia (1957-87), born in Monastir, Regency of Tunisia (d. 2000)
  • 1902 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1904 Clifford D. Simak, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Empire, Way Station), born in Millville, Wisconsin (d. 1988)
  • 1905 Maggie Kuhn, American activist and co-founder (Gray Panthers), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Leonhard Huizinga, Dutch journalist and writer (Adriaan & Olivier), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Ernesto Geisel, 29th President of Brazil (1974-79), born in Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Rik Slabbinck, Flemish painter, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • 1915 Sal Santen, Dutch writer (You Are Jewish People), born in Amsterdam (d. 1998)
  • 1918 James MacGregor Burns, American political writer (The Lion & the Fox), born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 2014)

  • 1918 Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official, born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1920 P. D. James, English mystery writer (Cover Her Face), born in Oxford, England (d. 2014)
  • 1920 P. D. [Phyllis Dorothy] James, Baroness James of Holland Park, English crime writer (Cover Her Face), born in Oxford (d. 2014)
  • 1920 Elmar Tampõld, Estonian-Canadian architect, born in Kärdla, Estonia (d. 2013)
  • 1921 Hayden Carruth, American poet (The Crow and the Heart), born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • 1922 Robert Sumner, American evangelist and author, born in Norwich, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Anne Klein, American fashion designer (Anne Klein II), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1974)
  • 1923 Roger Foulon, Belgian writer (Un été dans la Fagne), born in Thuin, Belgium (d. 2008)
  • 1923 Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity, born in Abnub, Asyut Governorate, Egypt (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Leon Uris, American novelist (Exodus, QB VII, Battle Cry), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Max van der Stoel, Dutch politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs (PvdA), born in Voorschoten, Netherlands (d. 2011)
  • 1929 Bethel Leslie, American entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1933 Thé Tjong-Khing, Dutch illustrator of children books (Miep Diekman), born in Purworedjo, Java
  • 1935 Georgy Shonin, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 6), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1997)
  • 1935 Richard Lamm, American politician (38th Governor of Colorado), born in Madison, Wisconsin
  • 1937 Diane Wakoski, American poet (Motorcycle Betrayal), born in Whittier, California
  • 1940 John W. Carlin, American politician (40th Governor of Kansas), born in Salina, Kansas
  • 1946 Jack Straw, British politician (Member of Parliament for Blackburn), born in Buckhurst Hill, Essex
  • 1948 Pierre Lacroix, Canadian National Hockey League executive, born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • 1949 Reed Waller, American comic book author (Omaha the Cat Dancer)
  • 1950 John Landis, American director (Animal House, Michael Jackson's Thriller video), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1952 Aleksandr A Volkov, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1952 Frank Schaeffer, American author (Crazy for God), born in Champéry, Switzerland
  • 1954 Denise Craig, WBL forward (Dayton Rockettes, NY Stars)
  • 1956 Abhisit Vejjajiva, 27th Prime Minister of Thailand (2008-11), born in Wallsend, Northumberland, England
  • 1959 Koichi Tanaka, Japanese scientist (Nobel 2002), born in Toyama, Japan
  • 1964 Joan E Higginbotham, American engineer and NASA astronaut, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1970 Masahiro Sakurai, Japanese video game developer, born in Musashimurayama, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1973 Jay Cutler, American bodybuilder (4x Mr. Olympia winner - 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2010), born in Sterling, Massachusetts
  • 1986 Charlotte Casiraghi, Daughter of Princess Caroline of Monaco, born in Princess Grace Hospital Centre, La Colle, Monaco