Birthdays in History on August 30

Person of interestPeter the Cruel

1334 Pedro, the Cruel, Spanish King of Castilia and Leon, born in Burgos, Spain (d. 1369)

King of Castille and Leon Peter the Cruel
King of Castille and Leon
Peter the Cruel
  • 1609 Artus Quellinus, Flemish sculptor (Amsterdam townhall), born in Antwerp (d. 1668)
  • 1705 David Hartley, English philosopher and Founder of the Associationist School of Psychology, born in Halifax, Yorkshire, England (d. 1757)
  • 1720 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and Member of Parliament, born in Cardington, Bedfordshire (d. 1796)
  • 1748 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), born in Paris (d. 1825)
  • 1772 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, born in Mauléon, Kingdom of France (d. 1794)

Person of interestMary Shelley

1797 Mary Shelley, English author (Frankenstein), born in London, England (d. 1851)

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley
  • 1804 Aleksandr Polezhayev, Russian poet (Sasjka), born in Penza Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1638) [OS]
  • 1805 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1869)
  • 1808 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • 1813 Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1818 Alexander H. Rice, American businessman and politician, 30th Governor of Massachusetts (1876-78), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • 1821 Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi's wife (War of Tatters), born in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil (d. 1849)
  • 1837 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, US 1st Lady (1881-85), born in Culpeper Court House, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • 1839 Gulstan Ropert, French Roman Catholic prelate, born in Kerfago, Brittany, France (d. 1903)
  • 1842 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)

  • 1844 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1848 Andrew Onderdonk, American railway contractor (Canadian Pacific Railway), born in NYC, New York (d. 1905)
  • 1849 J. M. Dent, British publisher, born in Darlington, England (d. 1926)
  • 1852 Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff, Dutch physical chemist (Nobel 1901), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1911)
  • 1856 Carle David Tolmé Runge, German mathematician and physicist, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1900)
  • 1863 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • 1866 Georges Minne, Belgian sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • 1870 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)

Person of interestErnest Rutherford

1871 Ernest Rutherford [1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson], New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), born in Brightwater, New Zealand (d. 1937)

  • 1878 Paul Hazard [Paul-Gustave-Marie-Camille Hazard], French critic and literature historian, born in Nordpeene, France (d. 1944)
  • 1882 Meijer de Hond, Dutch rabbi and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • 1883 Theo Van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect (Style), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1884 Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926), born in Fleräng, Valbo, Gävleborg, Sweden (d. 1971)
  • 1887 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1943)
  • 1893 Huey Long, American politician (40th Governor of Louisiana), born in Winnfield, Louisiana (d. 1935)
  • 1900 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (Lutheran World Relief), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • 1901 John Gunther, American author and host (John Gunther's High Road), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist and longtime executive director of NAACP, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1981)
  • 1906 Elizabeth Pakenham, Countess of Longford, British historian, born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1907 John Mauchly, American physicist who with J. Presper Eckert, designed the first general purpose electronic digital computer (ENIAC), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1908 Leonor Fini, Argentine artist, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Barry Appleby, British cartoonist (The Gambols), born in Birmingham (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist (Nobel 1952), born in Taylorville, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Nancy Wake, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent (Special Operations Executive), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2011)

  • 1913 Thomas F. Torrance, Scottish Protestant theologist, born in Chengdu, Sichuan, China (d. 2007)
  • 1915 Liesbeth Saijers, Dutch sculptor (d. 1992)
  • 1916 John Thoday, British geneticist, born in Chinley, Derbyshire (d. 2008)
  • 1916 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, born in Castle Acre, England (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in London, (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Maurice R. Hilleman, American microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia, born in Miles City, Montana (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Ben Cami, Flemish writer and poet (Rose from Mud), born in Durham, England (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Lionel Murphy, Australian politician, born in Kensington, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1986)
  • 1923 Barbara Mary Ansell, UK founder of paediatric rheumatology, born in Warwick, England (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Charmian Clift, Australian writer and essayist, born in Kiama, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1969)
  • 1925 Laurent de Brunhoff, French writer and illustrator (Babar the Elephant), born in Paris
  • 1927 Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (8 Coty Awards), born in Haynesville, Louisiana (d. 2004)
  • 1930 Warren Burger, American author (The Midas Touch)

Person of interestWarren Buffett

1930 Warren Buffett, American business magnate (world's wealthiest person in 2008), born in Omaha, Nebraska

Investor Warren Buffett
Investor
Warren Buffett
  • 1931 Carrie Saxon Perry, 1st African-American mayor of a major US city (Hartford CT), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1931 John Leonard Swigert Jr., American astronaut (Apollo 13), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 1982)
  • 1936 Fabrizia Ramondino, Italian author, born in Naples, Italy (d. 2008)
  • 1942 Jonathan Aitken, English politician (Conservative MP), born in Dublin, Ireland

Person of interestRobert Crumb

1943 Robert Crumb, American cartoonist (Father Time, Fritz Cat), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cartoonist Robert Crumb
Cartoonist
Robert Crumb
  • 1946 Anne-Marie of Greece, Danish princess and daughter of Frederik IX, born in Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, Kingdom of Denmark
  • 1947 Allan Rock, Canadian politician and diplomat, born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • 1949 Ted Ammon, American financier and investment banker, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • 1949 Don Boudria, Canadian politician (MP for Glengarry–Prescott–Russell), born in Hull, Quebec, Canada
  • 1950 Antony Gormley, British sculptor (Angel of the North), born in London, England
  • 1953 Ron George, American politician (Member of the Maryland House of Delegates), born in Syracuse, New York
  • 1954 Gerard Hadders, Dutch postage stamp designer (1991 children stamp), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1954 Alexander Lukashenko, 1st President of Belarus, born in Kopys, Byelorussian SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1958 Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist and human rights activist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1960 Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, Medal of Honor recipient, born in Lincoln, Maine (d. 1993)
  • 1962 Alexander Litvinenko, Russian KGB officer, born in Voronezh, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (d. 2006)
  • 1964 Gavin Fisher, British engineer
  • 1973 Lisa Ling, American journalist