Birthdays in History on August 31

Person of interestPerson of Interest

12 Caligula [Gaius Caesar], 3rd Roman Emperor (37-41 AD), born in Anzio, Italy (d. 41)

3rd Roman Emperor Caligula
3rd Roman Emperor
Caligula

Person of interestPerson of Interest

161 Commodus, Roman Emperor (180-192 AD), born in Lanuvium, Italy (d. 192)

Roman Emperor Commodus
Roman Emperor
Commodus
  • 1569 Jahangir, 4th Mughal Emperor of India (1605-27), born in Fatehpur Sikri, Mughal Empire (d. 1627)
  • 1602 Amalia, countess of Solms-Braunfels, wife of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange
  • 1663 Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, born in Paris (d. 1705)
  • 1721 George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775)
  • 1741 Husein Gradaščević, Bosniak general, born in Gradačac, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1834)
  • 1749 Alexander Radishchev, Russian writer (Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow), born in Moscow (1802)
  • 1811 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), born in Tarbes, France (d. 1872)
  • 1811 Goode Bryan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hancock County, Georgia (d. 1885)
  • 1822 Fitz John Porter, American Major General (Union Army), born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire (d. 1901)
  • 1823 Galusha Aaron Grow, American politician, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1907)
  • 1828 George Leonard Andrews, American professor, civil engineer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • 1843 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1852 Joris Helleputte, Belgian Catholic minister, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1925)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Maria Montessori, Italian educator (spontaneous response), born in Chiaravalle, Marche, Italy (d. 1952)

  • 1871 James E. Ferguson, American Democratic politician and Texan Governor (1915-17), born in Salado, Texas (d. 1944)
  • 1874 Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology), born in Williamsburg, Massachusetts (d. 1949)
  • 1879 Yoshihito [Taishō], 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), born in Akasaka Palace, Tokyo City, Japan (d. 1926)
  • 1879 Alma Mahler, Viennese composer and Wife of Gustav Mahler, Walter Gropius and Franz Werfel, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1964)
  • 1880 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1890-1948), born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • 1884 George Al Sarton, Belgian-American chemist and historian, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • 1885 DuBose Heyward, American novelist (Porgy, Star Spangled Virgin), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1940)
  • 1887 Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian-British chemist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1958)
  • 1888 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer and diplomat (La Obra de Trajano), born in Bilbao, Spain (d. 1928)
  • 1893 Lily Laskine, French harpist, born in Paris (d. 1988)
  • 1894 Albert Facey, Australian writer (A Fortunate Life), born in Maidstone, Victoria, Australia (d. 1982)
  • 1896 Félix-Antoine Savard, French-Canadian priest and novelist, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1982)
  • 1897 Marianne Bruns, German writer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1899 Paul E Garber, American founder/1st curator of National Air & Space Museum, born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist, born Carrara, Italy (d. 1943)
  • 1903 Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher, born in Bourges, France (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Dore Schary, American producer, writer and director (Act 1, Boys Town, Big City), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1958)
  • 1905 Sal Tas, Dutch journalist & CIA agent (Het Parool) [or 1897]
  • 1906 Vivienne Byerley, publicist
  • 1907 Augustus F. Hawkins, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-75), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1907 Ramon Magsaysay, 7th President of the Philippines (US Legion of Merit-1952), born in Iba, Zambales, Philippines (d. 1957)

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • 1907 William Shawn, American magazine editor (New Yorker, 1952-87), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Altiero Spinelli, Italian citizen and advocate of European federalism, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1986)
  • 1908 William Saroyan, American novelist and playwright (Time of Your Life), born in Fresno, California (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Marie-Louise Grog-Carven, French fashion designer (Ma Griffe perfume), born in Châtellerault, Poitou-Charentes (d. 2015)
  • 1911 Hilde Jarecki, educationist
  • 1913 Michiel P Gorsira, 1st Dutch Antillean in charge of Curacao (1951-67)
  • 1913 Sir Bernard Lovell, English radio astronomer, founded Jodrell Bank Observatory, born in Oldland Common, Bristol (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author, born in Gujranwala, Pakistan (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Raymond Williams, Welsh academic and novelist (Second Generation), born in Llanfihangel Crucorney, Wales (d. 1988)
  • 1926 Georgiy Petrovich Katys, Russian cosmonaut (Voskhod 1 backup)
  • 1926 Jan de Koning, minister of Agriculture/Social Businesses (CDA)
  • 1928 Jeremy Stephen Maas, writer/art dealer
  • 1929 Julio Ramon Ribeyro, writer
  • 1930 Owen B Pickett, American politician (Rep-D-Virginia 1987-2001), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2010)

  • 1932 Benito Wogatzki, writer
  • 1932 Robert [Franklin] Adams, American sci-fi author (Castaways in Time)
  • 1935 Eldridge Cleaver, Black Panther turned Republican
  • 1936 Marva Nettles Collins, educator (west side preparatory school)
  • 1938 Martin Bell, British journalist
  • 1941 Henk Terlingen, Dutch radio/TV-host (Paul Meier Show)
  • 1941 William DeWitt, Jr., American businessman
  • 1942 Eugenio Trias, philosopher, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2013)
  • 1943 Leonid Ivashov, Russian general
  • 1945 Leonid Ivanovich Popov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 35/37, 40, T-7)
  • 1946 Jerome Corsi, American writer
  • 1947 Luca di Montezemolo, Italian businessman
  • 1947 Yumiko Ōshima, Japanese manga artist
  • 1952 Herbert Reul, German politician
  • 1953 Marcia Clark, [Kleks], LA DA (O.J. Simpson Case), born in Berkeley, California
  • 1953 György Károly, Hungarian author
  • 1954 Tula, [Barry Kenneth Cossey], England, transsexual (For Your Eyes Only)
  • 1956 Masashi Tashiro, Japanese television performer
  • 1958 David H Mattheisen, Blue Island Ill, PhD/astronaut (STS 73 alt)
  • 1964 Raymond P. Hammond, American poet and editor
  • 1966 Jan Einar Thorsen, Norwegian Alpine skier
  • 1969 Andrew Phillip Cunanan, serial killer (Gianni Versache)
  • 1970 Queen Rania Al-Abdullah of Jordan, born in Kuwait City
  • 1980 Laura Mulleavy, American fashion designer (Rodarte), born in California
  • 1982 G. Willow Wilson, American journalist and comic book writer
  • 1984 Ted Ligety, American alpine skier