Birthdays in History on August 5

  • 1301 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
  • 1461 Alexander Jagiellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1506)
  • 1540 Joseph Justus Scaliger, French-Dutch scholar (revolutionised ideas about ancient chronology), born in Agen, France (d. 1609)
  • 1578 Charles d'Albert, duc of Luynes, French courtier, favourite of Louis XIII and Constable of France, born in Longueville, France (d. 1621)
  • 1604 John Eliot, English Puritan missionary "Apostle to Indians," and Bible translator, baptized in Widford, England (d. 1690)
  • 1641 John Hathorne, American magistrate (d. 1717)
  • 1662 James Anderson, Scottish historian, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1728)
  • 1681 Vitus Bering, Danish explorer of Bering Strait and coast of Alaska, born in Horsens, Denmark (d. 1741)

William AllenWilliam Allen (1704-1780)

American loyalist, Chief Justice of the Province of Pennsylvania and Mayor of Philadelphia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • 1711 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist, philosopher and astronomer, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1758)
  • 1749 Thomas Lynch, American lawyer, signer pf the US Declaration of Independence, born in Winyah, South Carolina
  • 1802 Niels H. Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons), born in Nedstrand, Norway (d. 1829)
  • 1813 Carnot Posey, American Confederate brigadier general, born in Wilkinson County, Mississippi (d. 1863)
  • 1813 Ivar Aasen, Norwegian linguist and poet, born in Ørsten, Norway (d. 1896)
  • 1815 Edward John Eyre, British explorer and Governor of Jamaica, born in Whipsnade, England (d. 1901)
  • 1827 Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian military officer and first President of Brazil (1889-91), born in Vila Madalena, Brazil (d. 1892)
  • 1828 Louisa of the Netherlands, Dutch queen consort of Sweden and Norway and princess of the Netherlands, born in the Hague (d. 1871)
  • 1829 Milo Smith Hascall, American banker, real estate executive, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Le Roy, New York (d. 1904)
  • 1833 Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony, born in Vienna (d. 1907)

Guy de MaupassantGuy de Maupassant (1850-1893)

French author (Boule de Suif), born in Château de Miromesnil, France

  • 1862 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", born in Leicester, England (d. 1890)
  • 1866 Carl Dietrich Harries, German chemist (developed synthetic rubber), born in Luckenwalde, Germany (d. 1923)
  • 1872 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician and epidemiologist, born in São Luis do Paraitinga, Brazil (d. 1917)
  • 1876 Mary Ritter Beard, American historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • 1877 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter, born in Claremont, Ontario (d. 1917)

Hugh S. JohnsonHugh S. Johnson (1881-1942)

American head of the National Recovery Administration and member of FDR's Brain Trust, born in Fort Scott, Kansas

  • 1882 Joe English, Irish-Flemish draftsman, painter, and soldier (designed WWI gravestones), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • 1883 Frank Nelson, English politician and civil servant (head of the Special Operations Executive, 1940-42), born in Gloucestershire (d. 1966)
  • 1889 Conrad Aiken, American Pulitzer poet and writer (Ushant/Conversation), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1973)
  • 1890 Naum Gabo [Pevsner], Russian-American sculptor (Stillife Flower), born in Bryans, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1897 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician, founder of the Socialist People's Party, born in Brændekilde, Denmark (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Irene Rice Pereira, American abstract artist, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1971)
  • 1904 Kenneth Thimann, English American botanist (Balzan Prize), born in Ashford, England (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Francis Walder [Francois Waldburger], Belgian author, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Wassely Leontief, Russian American economist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1999)
  • 1910 Jacquetta Hawkes, English archaeologist/author (A Country), (d. 1996)
  • 1912 Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Sonny Montgomery, American politician (Rep-D-Mississippi, 1967-97), born in Meridian, Mississippi (d. 2006)
  • 1922 L. Tom Perry, American religious leader (LDS apostle), born in Logan, Utah (d. 2015)
  • 1923 Devan Nair, Singaporean politician, President of Singapore (1981-85), born in Melaka (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Richard Kleindienst, American attorney general during Watergate scandal, born in Winslow, Arizona (1972)
  • 1930 Michal Kováč, 1st President of Slovakia (1993-98), born in Ľubiša, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)

Neil ArmstrongNeil Armstrong (1930-2012)

American X-15 pilot and astronaut - 1st man on the Moon (Gemini 8, Apollo 11), born in Wapakoneta Ohio,

  • 1932 Sister Vince Otto, American mental health activist (Vince)
  • 1934 Wendell Berry, American poet, writer and farmer, born in Henry County, Kentucky
  • 1937 Brian G. Marsden, British astronomer (Smithsonian's Minor Planet Center (MPC), 1978-2006), born in Cambridge, England (d. 2010)
  • 1939 Irene, Princess of Netherlands, born at Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Netherlands
  • 1941 Leonid Kizim, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-10, T-15), born in rasnyi Lyman, Soviet Union (d. 2010)
  • 1946 Ron Silliman, American poet (The Alphabet), born in Pasco,Washington
  • 1952 Hun Sen, Cambodian politician, Prime Minister of Cambodia 1985-), born in Kampong Cham, Cambodia
  • 1957 Pavel V. Vinogradov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, Commander of the International Space Station 2013), born in Magadan, Soviet Union

Reid HoffmanReid Hoffman (55 years old)

1967 American entrepreneur (co-founder of LinkedIn), born in Stanford, California

  • 1968 Funkmaster Flex [Aston George Taylor Jr], American hip hop DJ, born in The Bronx, New York

Marine Le PenMarine Le Pen (54 years old)

1968 French politician (President of the National Front Party), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine

  • 1973 Sean Sherk, American mixed martial artist
  • 1981 Cory Williams, American internet celebrity (The Mean Kitty Song), born in Merced, California
  • 1981 Erik Guay, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1981 Rachel Scott, American murder victim (d. 1999)