On This Day

Birthdays in History on August 5

  • 1301 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
  • 1461 Alexander Jagiellon, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1506)
  • 1540 Joseph Justice Scaliger, proposed Julian dating
  • 1578 Charles d'Albert, duc of Luynes, French courtier, favourite of Louis XIII and Constable of France, born in Longueville, France (d. 1621)
  • 1604 John Eliot, English Puritan missionaru "Apostle to Indians," and Bible translator, baptized in Widford, England (d. 1690)
  • 1624 William Tucker, 1st child of African descent to be born in English colony in America, born in Jamestown, Virginia
  • 1641 John Hathorne, American magistrate (d. 1717)
  • 1662 James Anderson, Scottish historian, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1728)
  • 1681 Vitus Bering, Danish explorer of Bering Strait and coast of Alaska, born in Horsens, Denmark (d. 1741)

Person of interestWilliam Allen

1704 William Allen, Mayor of Philadelphia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • 1711 Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer
  • 1749 Thomas Lynch, American lawyer, signer pf the US Declaration of Independence, born in Winyah, South Carolina
  • 1802 Niels H Abel, Norwegian mathematician (Abel's Comparisons)
  • 1813 Carnot Posey, American Confederate brigadier general, born in Wilkinson County, Mississippi (d. 1863)
  • 1813 Ivar Aasen, Norwegian linguist and poet, born in Ørsten, Norway (d. 1896)
  • 1815 Edward John Eyre, British explorer and Governor of Jamaica, born in Whipsnade, England (d. 1901)

  • 1827 Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian military officer and first President of Brazil (1889-91), born in Vila Madalena, Brazil (d. 1892)
  • 1828 Louisa of the Netherlands, Dutch queen consort of Sweden and Norway and princess of the Netherlands, born in the Hague (d. 1871)
  • 1829 Milo Smith Hascall, American banker, real estate executive, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Le Roy, New York (d. 1904)
  • 1833 Carola of Vasa, Queen consort of Saxony, born in Vienna (d. 1907)

Person of interestGuy de Maupassant

1850 Guy de Maupassant, French author (Boule de Suif), born in Château de Miromesnil, France (d. 1893)

Author and Master of the Short Story Guy de Maupassant
Author and Master of the Short Story
Guy de Maupassant
  • 1862 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", born in Leicester, England (d. 1890)
  • 1866 Carl Dietrich Harries, German chemist (developed synthetic rubber), born in Luckenwalde, Germany (d. 1923)
  • 1872 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician and epidemiologist, born in São Luis do Paraitinga, Brazil (d. 1917)
  • 1876 Mary Ritter Beard, American historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • 1877 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter, born in Claremont, Ontario (d. 1917)

Person of interestHugh S. Johnson

1881 Hugh S. Johnson, American head of the National Recovery Administration and member of FDR's Brain Trust, born in Fort Scott, Kansas (d. 1942)

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • 1882 Joe English, Flemish Irish painter (designed WWI gravestones), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • 1883 Frank Nelson, English politician and civil servant (head of the Special Operations Executive, 1940-42), born in Gloucestershire (d. 1966)
  • 1889 Conrad Aiken, American Pulitzer poet and writer (Ushant/Conversation), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1973)
  • 1890 Naum Gabo, [Pevsner], Russian/US sculptor (Stillife Flower)
  • 1897 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician, founder of the Socialist People's Party, born in Brændekilde, Denmark (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Irene Rice Pereira, American abstract artist, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1971)
  • 1904 Kenneth Thimann, English American botanist (Balzan Prize), born in Ashford, England (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Francis Walder, [Francois Waldburger], Belgian author
  • 1906 Wassely Leontief, Russian American economist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1999)

  • 1908 Harold Holt, Australian politician, Prime Minister of Australia (1966-67); supported US in Vietnam, disappeared swimming, presumed drowned while PM, born in Stanmore, New South Wales (d. 1967)
  • 1910 Jacquetta Hawkes, English archaeologist/author (A Country), (d. 1996)
  • 1910 [Johan] Erik Lindegren, Swedish poet/librettist (Aniara)
  • 1912 Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Sonny Montgomery, American politician (Rep-D-Mississippi, 1967-97), born in Meridian, Mississippi (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Selma Diamond, comedienne (Selma-Night Court), born in London, Ontario
  • 1922 L. Tom Perry, American religious leader (LDS apostle), born in Logan, Utah (d. 2015)
  • 1923 Richard Kleindienst, American attorney general during Watergate scandal, born in Winslow, Arizona (1972)
  • 1923 Devan Nair, Singaporean politician, President of Singapore (1981-85), born in Melaka (d. 2005)

Person of interestNeil Armstrong

1930 Neil Armstrong, American X-15 pilot and astronaut - 1st man on the Moon (Gemini 8, Apollo 11), born in Wapakoneta Ohio, (d. 2012)

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1930 Michal Kováč, President of Slovakia (1993-98), born in Ľubiša, Czechoslovakia (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Sister Vince Otto, American mental health activist (Vince)
  • 1934 Wendell Berry, American poet, writer and farmer, born in Henry County, Kentucky
  • 1939 Irene, Princess of Netherlands, born at Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Netherlands
  • 1941 Leonid Kizim, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-10, T-15), born in rasnyi Lyman, Soviet Union (d. 2010)
  • 1946 Ron Silliman, American poet (The Alphabet), born in Pasco,Washington
  • 1947 Greg Leskiw, Canadian rocker (The Guess Who), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1952 Hun Sen, Cambodian politician, Prime Minister of Cambodia 1985-), born in Kampong Cham, Cambodia
  • 1957 Pavel V Vinogradov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, Commander of the International Space Station 2013), born in Magadan, Soviet Union

Person of interestReid Hoffman

1967 Reid Hoffman, American entrepreneur (co-founder of LinkedIn), born in Stanford, California

Co-founder of LinkedIn Reid Hoffman
Co-founder of LinkedIn
Reid Hoffman
  • 1968 Funkmaster Flex [Aston George Taylor Jr], American hip hop DJ, born in The Bronx, New York

Person of interestMarine Le Pen

1968 Marine Le Pen, French politician (President of the National Front Party), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine

President of the National Front Party Marine Le Pen
President of the National Front Party
Marine Le Pen
  • 1973 Sean Sherk, American mixed martial artist
  • 1981 Rachel Scott, American murder victim (d. 1999)
  • 1981 Erik Guay, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1981 Cory Williams, American internet celebrity (The Mean Kitty Song), born in Merced, California