Birthdays in History on August 7

Constantius IIConstantius II (317-361 AD)

Roman Emperor (337-61), born in Sirmium, Pannonia Inferior

  • 1282 Elizabeth of Rhuddlan, youngest daughter of King Edward I and Queen Eleanor of Castile, born in Rhuddlan Castle, Denbighshire (d. 1316)
  • 1533 Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga, Basque soldier and poet, born in Madrid (d. 1595)

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory (1560-1614)

Hungarian countess and the world's most prolific female serial killer, born in Nyírbátor, Hungary

  • 1574 Robert Dudley, English explorer and writer (Arcano del Mare), born in Richmond Palace, Surrey (d. 1649)
  • 1598 Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish scholar and poet often known as "father of Swedish poetry" (Hercules), born in Vika, Sweden (d. 1672)
  • 1726 James Bowdoin, American Revolutionary leader and politician, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1790)

Nathanael GreeneNathanael Greene (1742-1786)

American Military Leader (major general during the American Revolutionary War), born in Potowomut, Rhode Island

  • 1746 Daniel Albert Wyttenbach, German-Swiss classical scholar and historian, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1820)
  • 1751 Wilhelmina of Prussia, Princess of Orange (1767-1806), born in Berlin (d. 1820)
  • 1779 Carl Ritter, German geographer and co-founder of modern science of geography, born in Quedlinburg, Prussia (d. 1859)
  • 1779 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer and navigator (published the first map to show a full outline of the coastline of Australia in 1811), born in Montélimar, Drôme (d. 1842)
  • 1783 John Heathcoat, English inventor of lace-making machinery, born in Duffield, Derbyshire (d. 1861)
  • 1783 Princess Amelia, youngest child of King George III of United Kingdom, born in Royal Lodge, Windsor (d. 1810)
  • 1826 August Ahlqvist, Finnish poet (Suomalainen Runousoppi), born in Kuopio, Finland (d. 1889)
  • 1829 Thomas Ewing Jr, American attorney, 1st chief justice of Kansas, congressman, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 1896)
  • 1833 Powell Clayton, American politician, diplomat, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Delaware County, Pennsylvania (d. 1914)
  • 1836 Evander M. Law, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Darlington, South Carolina (d. 1920)
  • 1844 Auguste Michel-Lévy, French geologist and petrologist, born in Paris (d. 1911)
  • 1860 Alan Leo, British astrologer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1917)
  • 1862 Victoria of Baden, Queen of Sweden, born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1931)
  • 1865 Micha Josef Berdyczewski, Jewish writer, born in Medzhybizh, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1867 Emil Nolde [Hansen], German painter and graphic artist, born in Nolde, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1956)
  • 1868 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (Poisson distribution) and economist, born in Saint Petersburg, Imperial Russia (d. 1931)
  • 1870 19 kittens, born to Tarawood Antigone (4 still born)
  • 1870 Josef Brems, Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark), born in Scherpenheuvel-Zichem, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • 1872 Andries C D de Graeff, governor-general of Neth Indies (1926-31)
  • 1880 Ernst Laqueur, chemist/pharmacology/psychology (sexual hormones)

François DarlanFrançois Darlan (1881-1942)

French Admiral of the Fleet during WWII and Vichy Prime Minister (1941-42), born in Nérac, France

  • 1883 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • 1886 Louis Hazeltine, inventor (neutrodyne circuit, making radio possible)
  • 1887 Jan HA Eman, Aruban politician
  • 1897 Franz J Weinrich [Heinrich Lerse], German writer (Himmlisches)

Louis LeakeyLouis Leakey (1903-1972)

British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist (Olduvai Gorge; 1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya

Ralph BuncheRalph Bunche (1904-1971)

American diplomat, UN delegate and 1st person of color to win the Nobel Peace Prize (1950), born in Detroit, Michigan

  • 1907 Albert Kotin, American abstract painter (d. 1980)
  • 1910 Clark Poling, American US Army chaplain and Protestant minister (The Four Chaplains), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1943) [1]
  • 1911 R Nicholas Ray, Galesville WI, director (Rebel Without a Cause)
  • 1918 C. Buddingh', Dutch poet, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • 1919 John Hogan, American chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), born in Lowes, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • 1925 M. S. Swaminathan, Indian scientist, born in Kumbakonam, India
  • 1926 Amo Houghton, American politician (Rep-R-New York), born in Corning, New York
  • 1927 Edwin Edwards, American politician (Gov-La), born in Marksville, Louisiana
  • 1928 Herbert H. Bateman, American politician (Rep-R-Virginia), born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina (d. 2000)
  • 1928 James Randi, Canadian skeptic magician (Nova), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1929 James Pilditch, British designer, born in Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1929 Jo Baer [Josephine Kleinberg], American painter and minimalist artist, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1929 Richard T. Schulze, American politician (Rep-R-PA, 1975-93), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1929 Ruth Carter-Stapleton, American evangelist, born in Plains, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • 1931 Charles E. Rice, American legal scholar and author, born in New York (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Maurice Rabb Jr., American ophthalmologist, born in Shelbyville, Kentucky (d. 2005)
  • 1933 Jerry Pournelle, American polymath and sci-fi author (Mercenary, Red Dragon), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Richard L. Tierney, American sci-fi author (Winds of Zarr), born in Spencer, Iowa
  • 1938 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician and anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1940 Jean-Luc Dehaene, Belgian Prime Minister (1992-99), born in Montpellier, France (d. 2014)
  • 1940 Tom Barlow, American politician (Rep-D-Kentucky), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2017)
  • 1941 Thomas F. Hartnett, American politician (Rep-R-SC, 1981-86), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1943 Alain Corneau, French director (Choice of Arms), born in Meung-sur-Loire, France (d. 2010)
  • 1944 Robert Mueller, American lawyer, FBI Director (2001-13) Special Counsel Russian Investigation (2017-), born in New York City, New York
  • 1946 Ed Seykota, American commodities and futures trader
  • 1947 Mosibudi Mangena, South African black leader (On Your Own), born in Tzaneen, South Africa
  • 1948 James Allison, American immunologist (Noble Prize for Medicine 2018), born in Alice, Texas
  • 1948 Marty Appel, American public relations executive and author, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1949 Walid Jumblatt, Lebanese political leader, born in Moukhtara, Lebanon
  • 1953 Anne Fadiman, American writer, born in New York City, New York
  • 1955 Greg Nickels, American politician (Mayor of Seattle, 2002–), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1955 Vladimir Sorokin, Russian writer, born in Bykovo, Russia
  • 1956 Kent Rominger, American astronaut (STS 73, 80, 85), born in Del Norte, California
  • 1957 Martín Espada, American Latino poet (2021 National Book Award), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1963 Patrick Kennedy, son of US President JFK (lives only 3 days)
  • 1964 John Birmingham, Australian author, born in Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • 1966 Jimmy Wales, American internet entrepreneur and cofounder of Wikipedia, born in Huntsville, Alabama
  • 1976 Cathy Park Hong, American Korean poet (Dance Dance Revolution), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1977 Samantha Ronson, British DJ, born in Camden, London
  • 1978 Alex Timbers, American stage and screen director (Moulin Rouge!), born in New York City
  • 1978 Alexandre Aja, French director, born in Paris, France
  • 1988 Melody Oliveria, American internet blogger (bowiechick)