On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1638

  • Jan 1 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
  • Jan 1 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • Jan 10 Nicolas Steno, Danish scientist & bishop, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1686)
  • Jan 12 Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • Jan 24 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • Mar 14 Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic and religious leader, born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1710)
  • Mar 15 Shunzhi Emperor of China (1644-1661) Third Qing Emperor, born in Shengjing (d. 1661)
  • Mar 23 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist
  • May 6 Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, English politician and First Lord of the British Admiralty, born in Hadham Parva, Hertfordshire (d. 1696)
  • May 13 Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (d. 1712)
  • Jun 15 Samuel Apostool, Dutch vicar/theologist (The Sun)
  • Jul 6 Gerrit Berckheyde, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1698)
  • Jul 10 David Teniers III, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1685)
  • Aug 6 Nicolas Malebranche, French rationalist philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1715)

Person of interestLouis XIV

Sep 5 Louis XIV [Sun King], King of France (1643-1715), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1715)

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Person of interestMaria Theresa of Spain

Sep 10 Maria Theresa of Spain, Queen of Louis XIV of France, born in El Escorial, Spain (d. 1683)

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • Oct 18 Lars Johnstown, [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet
  • Oct 31 Meindert Hobbema, Dutch landscape painter, baptised in Amsterdam (d. 1709)
  • Nov 25 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, born in Vila Vicosa, Portugal (d. 1705)
  • Dec 24 Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English diplomat, born in London, England (d. 1709) (baptism date)