On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1688

  • Jan 18 Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, born in Dorset, United Kingdom (d. 1765)
  • Jan 23 Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • Jan 25 Juraj Jánošík, Slovak highwayman, born in Terchová, Slovakia (d. 1713)
  • Jan 28 Jan Maurits Quinkhard, Dutch portrait painter
  • Jan 29 Emmanuel Swedenborg, Swedish religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)
  • Feb 4 Pierre De Marivaux, writer (Marianne), born in Paris, France

Person of interestMaria Louise van Hessen-Kassel

Feb 7 Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel [Marijke Meu], Princess of Orange and ancestor of all currently reigning monarchs in Europe, born in Kassel (d. 1765)

Princess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
Princess of Orange
Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
  • Apr 4 Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer and cartographer, born in Paris (d. 1768)

Person of interestAlexander Pope

May 21 Alexander Pope, English poet (Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer) (d. 1744), born in London, England

  • Jun 10 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, born in St James's Palace, London, Kingdom of England (d. 1766)
  • Jul 19 Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian Jesuit brother and missionary to China, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1766)
  • Aug 14 Frederik Willem I, King of Prussia (bodyguard of giants), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1740)
  • Sep 5 Lukas Fencer, Dutch poet (Fight of Kings & Mice)
  • Sep 12 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, born in Chomutov, Czech Republic (d. 1731)
  • Sep 17 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Savoy (d. 1714)
  • Sep 26 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, born in s-Hertogenbosch, Duchy of Brabant (d. 1742)
  • Oct 19 William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • Oct 22 Nader Shah, Iranian ruler (1736-47) and founder of Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, born in Kobhan, Iran (d. 1747)
  • Nov 15 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1757)