On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1694

  • Apr 25 Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect, born in London (d. 1753)
  • Jun 4 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, born in Méré, Versailles, France (d. 1774)
  • Jun 20 Hans Adolph Brorson, Danish Pietist bishop, born in Randerup, Denmark (d. 1764)
  • Jun 24 Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Genevan legal and political theorist, born in Geneva (d. 1748)
  • Jun 26 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist, born in Riddarhyttan, Sweden (d. 1768)
  • Jul 11 Charles-Antoine Coypel, French carpet designer, born in Paris (d. 1752)
  • Aug 8 Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
  • Aug 24 Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer and King of Corsica [or 8/25], born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1756)
  • Aug 26 Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
  • Aug 28 Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, born in Wolfenbüttel, Germany (d. 1715)
  • Sep 7 Johan Ludvig, Danish politician (Minister of State, 1735-51) (d. 1763)
  • Sep 13 Yeongjo of Joseon, 21st king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty, born in Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon (d. 1776)
  • Sep 22 Lord Chesterfield, letter writer; introduced Gregorian calendar (1752)

Person of interestHenry Pelham

Sep 25 Henry Pelham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1743-54) who introduced the Gin Acts, born in Laughton, England (d. 1754)

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham

Person of interestVoltaire

Nov 21 Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), born in Paris (d. 1778)

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • Dec 2 William Shirley, British Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (played an important role in Britain’s struggle against France for control of North America), born in Preston, Sussex, England (d. 1771)
  • Dec 22 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)