Historical Figures Born in 1717

  • Jan 5 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, born in Becket, Massachusetts (d. 1793)
  • Jan 28 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774). Reigned 1757-74.
  • Jan 29 Jeffrey Amherst, English army general (commanded British forces in North America) and Royal Governor of Virginia (1759-1768), born in Sevenoaks, England (d. 1797)
  • Feb 2 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (d. 1790)
  • May 13 Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria (wife of emperor Franz I)
  • Jun 8 John Collins, American politician, 3rd Governor of Rhode Island (1786-90), born in Newport, Colony of Rhode Island, British America (d. 1795)
  • Jun 20 Jacques Saly, French sculptor, born in Valenciennes, France (d. 1776)
  • Jun 27 Louis Guillaume Lemonnier, French botanist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, born in Paris (d. 1799)
  • Jul 5 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1786)
  • Aug 13 Louis François I, Prince of Conti, French nobleman and military leader, born in Paris (d. 1776)
  • Aug 15 Blind Jack [John Metcalf], English 1st professional roadbuilder, born in Knaresborough, Yorkshire, England (d. 1810)
  • Sep 4 Job Orton, English minister, born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1783)
  • Sep 22 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (d. 1783)
  • Sep 24 Horace Walpole, British horror writer (Castle of Otranto), born in London (d. 1797)
  • Oct 5 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV of France, born in Paris (d. 1744)

Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'AlembertJean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert (1717-1783)

Nov 16 French Enlightenment philosopher and mathematician (Encyclopédie), born in Paris

  • Dec 9 Johann Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art), born in Stendal, Prussia (d. 1768)
  • Dec 16 Elizabeth Carter, English poet, bluestocking and translator (All the Works of Epictetus Which Are Now Extant), born in Deal, England (d. 1806)
  • Dec 20 Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat, born in Dijon, France (d. 1787)

Pius VIPius VI (1717-1799)

Dec 25 Italian Pope (1775-99), born in Cesena, Emilia-Romagna, Papal States