Historical Figures Born in 1730

  • Jan 3 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French playwright (Les Tuteurs) satirist and politician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1814)
  • Jan 14 William Whipple, American merchant & judge (signatory of the Declaration of Independence), born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1785)
  • Jan 23 Joseph Hewes, American merchant (Declaration of Independence signatory), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1779)
  • Feb 21 Charles L Fournier, Flemish writer and painter
  • Mar 7 Baron de Breteuil, French statesman (d. 1807)
  • Mar 11 Otto Friedrich Müller, Copenhagen, Danish Naturalist who was a pioneer in the study of microorganisms including bacteria, diatoms, and infusoria
  • Mar 27 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, born in London (d. 1786)
  • Mar 31 Étienne Bézout, French mathematician (d. 1783)
  • May 10 George Ross, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence)

Charles Watson-WentworthCharles Watson-Wentworth (1730-1782)

May 13 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1765-66, 1782), born in Wentworth, Yorkshire, England

  • Jun 21 Motoori Norinaga, Japanese physician, scholar, and writer (Kojiki-den (Commentaries on the Kojiki)), born in Matsuzaka, Japan (d. 1801)

Charles MessierCharles Messier (1730-1817)

Jun 26 French astronomer (cataloguer of "M objects"), born in Badonviller, Lorraine, France

Josiah WedgwoodJosiah Wedgwood (1730-1795)

Jul 12 English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), born in Burslem, Staffordshire, England

  • Aug 27 Johann Georg Hamann, German counter-enlightenment philosopher ("Reason is language"), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1788)

Friedrich Wilhelm von SteubenFriedrich Wilhelm von Steuben (1730-1794)

Sep 17 Prussian-American military officer (major general of the Continental Army), born in Magdeburg

  • Oct 1 Richard Stockton, American attorney and signer of Declaration of Independence, born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1781)
  • Nov 10 Oliver Goldsmith, Irish novelist and dramatist (She Stoops to Conquer), born in Kilkenny West, Ireland (d. 1774)
  • Nov 16 Gualtherus van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician, born in Philippine, Zealand, Netherlands (d. 1783)
  • Dec 8 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-English physiologist (discovering photosynthesis) and personal physician of Maria Theresa, born in Breda, Staats-Brabant, Dutch Republic (d. 1799)
  • Dec 25 Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and friend of Thomas Jefferson (d. 1816)