Historical Figures Born in 1731

  • Feb 25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician and writer
  • Mar 11 Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Apr 23 William Williams, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1811)

Martha WashingtonMartha Washington (1731-1802)

Jun 13 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia

  • Jul 3 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1796)
  • Sep 2 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • Sep 9 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican Jesuit teacher and writer, born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1787)
  • Oct 10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist and chemist (discovered hydrogen), born in Nice (d. 1810)

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker (1731-1806)

Nov 9 African American astronomer, mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland

  • Nov 26 William Cowper, English pre-romantic poet (His Task), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1800)
  • Dec 6 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • Dec 7 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • Dec 12 Erasmus Darwin, influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), born in Newark-on-Trent, England (d. 1807)
  • Dec 26 Anthony Ziesenis, Dutch architect and sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan) (d. 1801)