On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1731

  • Feb 25 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • Mar 11 Robert Treat Paine, judge, signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • Apr 23 William Williams, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1811)

Person of interestMartha Washington

Jun 13 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802) [OS June 2]

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Jul 3 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1796)
  • Sep 2 Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Olint und Sophronia)
  • Sep 9 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican Jesuit teacher and writer, born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1787)
  • Oct 10 Henry Cavendish, England, physicist and chemist (discovered hydrogen), born in Nice (d. 1810)

Person of interestBenjamin Banneker

Nov 9 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington, D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • Nov 26 William Cowper, English pre-romantic poet (His Task), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1800)
  • Dec 6 Sophie von Laroche, German writer (History of Lady Sophia Sternheim), born in Kaufbeuren. Bavaria (d. 1807)
  • Dec 7 Abraham-Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron, French scholar and interpreter, born in Paris (d. 1805)
  • Dec 12 Erasmus Darwin, influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), born in Newark-on-Trent, England (d. 1807)
  • Dec 26 Anthony Ziesenis, architect/sculptor (Town Hall of Westzaan)