On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1742

  • Jan 8 Philip Astley, English 'Father of the Modern Circus', born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England (d. 1814)
  • Jan 24 Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • Mar 19 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch literary/poet
  • Mar 19 Tupac Amaru II, Incan revolutionary (d. 1781)
  • May 13 Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
  • May 18 Lionel Lukin, British life boat pioneer, born in Great Dunmow, Essex (d. 1834)
  • Jun 17 William Hooper, American attorney and signer of U.S. Declaration of Independence, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1790)
  • Jun 26 Arthur Middleton, American signer (Declaration of Independence), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1787)
  • Jul 1 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), born in Ober-Ramstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1799)

Person of interestNathanael Greene

Aug 7 Nathanael Greene, American Military Leader (major general during the American Revolutionary War), born in Potowomut, Rhode Island (d. 1786)

US General Nathanael Greene
US General
Nathanael Greene

Person of interestPius VII

Aug 14 Pius VII [Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti], Italian bishop of Imola and Pope (1800-23), born in Cesena, Italy (d. 1823)

Bishop of Imola and Pope Pius VII
Bishop of Imola and Pope
Pius VII
  • Sep 14 James Wilson, One of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, born in Carskerdo, Scotland (d. 1798)
  • Oct 12 Johann Peter Melchior, German sculptor, born in Lindorf, Germany (d. 1825)
  • Nov 5 Richard Cosway, English portrait painter, born in Tiverton, England (d. 1821)
  • Dec 9 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Swedish pharmacist and chemist (lemon acid), born in Stralsund, Swedish Pomerania (d. 1786)
  • Dec 16 Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)
  • Dec 25 Charlotte von Stein, German friend of Goethe (d. 1827)