On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1743

  • Jan 21 John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)
  • Feb 8 Louis d'Affry, French general, military governor of Switzerland and mayor of Freiburg, born in Freiburg im Üechtland, Switzerland (d. 1810)

Joseph Banks

Feb 13 Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, born in London (d. 1820)

Thomas Jefferson

Apr 13 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826)

  • Apr 24 Edmund Cartwright, English inventor (power loom), born in Marnham, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1823)
  • Apr 30 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, born in Eefde, Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1814)
  • May 17 Seth Warner, American revolutionary leader, born in Roxbury, Connecticut (d. 1784)

Jean-Paul Marat

May 24 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), born in Boudry, Prussia (d. 1793)

  • Jun 8 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1795)
  • Jul 3 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)
  • Jul 14 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet and statesman, born in the Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1816)
  • Jul 31 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • Aug 19 Marie Jeanne Becu, Comtesse du Barry, last mistress of Louis XV, born in Vaucouleurs, France (d. 1793)
  • Aug 26 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), born in Paris, France (d. 1794)

Marquis de Condorcet

Sep 17 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, born in Ribemont, Picardy, France (d. 1794)

  • Sep 22 Quintin Craufurd, British author (friend of Marie Antoinette), born in Kilwinning, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • Nov 11 Carl Peter Thunberg, Swedish naturalist, born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1828)
  • Dec 1 Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (discovered uranium), born in Wernigerode, Brandenburg (d. 1817)
  • Dec 23 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian author and poet (Dushenka), born in Perevolochna, Cossack Hetmanate (d. 1803)