Historical Figures Born in 1745

Anthony WayneAnthony Wayne (1745-1796)

Jan 1 American Military Leader (Legion of the United States), born in Easttown Township, Province of Pennsylvania

  • Jan 6 Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, French inventor and pioneer balloonist (Montgolfière-style hot air balloon), born in Annonay, France (d. 1799)
  • Jan 7 Johann Christian Fabricius, Danish Entomologist (named nearly 10,000 species), born in Tønder, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1808)
  • Jan 9 Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
  • Jan 23 William Jessop, English canal engineer, born in Plymouth, United Kingdom (d. 1814)

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta (1745-1827)

Feb 18 Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, born in Como, Italy

  • Feb 20 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), born in London (d. 1813)
  • Mar 10 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)
  • Apr 20 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), born in Jonquières, France (d. 1826)
  • Apr 29 Oliver Ellsworth, 3rd Chief Justice Supreme Court (1796-1800), born in Windsor, Connecticut, British America (d. 1807)
  • Jun 8 Caspar Wessel, Danish-Norwegian mathematician, born in Vestby, Norway (d. 1818)
  • Jul 13 Robert Calder, British naval officer, born in Kent, England (d. 1818)
  • Jul 28 Peter Ludwig von der Pahlen, Baltic German courtier, general and military governor of St Petersburg, born in Palmse, Estonia (d. 1826)
  • Sep 16 Mikhail Kutuzov, Russian field marshal (Battle of Borodino), born in St Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1813)
  • Sep 23 John Sevier, Tennessee, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn)
  • Nov 24 Maria Louisa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire, born in Palace of San Ildefonso, Segovia, Spain (d. 1792)

John JayJohn Jay (1745-1829)

Dec 12 US statesman and 1st US Chief Justice, born in NYC, New York

  • Dec 24 Benjamin Rush, American physician & politician (signed the Declaration of Independence), born in Byberry, Philadelphia (d. 1813)